«HOME VEGETABLE GARDEN Lassen-Plumas-Sierra Counties Cooperative Extension University of California HOME VEGETABLE GARDENING Your home vegetable ...»
VARIETIES -- Shasta, 20th Century, Rockhilll, Washington, Northwest.
PLANTING DATES -- March, April, September.
AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 10 to 15 feet of row.
ROW OR BED SPACING -- Use beds or plant on flat. Plant rows 20 inches apart.
PLANT SPACING IN ROW -- 10 inches.
IRRIGATION -- Irrigate every week and moisten soil to a depth of 2 feet at each irrigation; during harvest season water every 3 to 5 days. The furrow or sprinkler method of irrigation may be used.
CULTURE -- Do not cover crown of plant with soil. Use the runner plants that develop during the first year to fill rows of plants. The runner plants will root if pushed slightly into loose soil. Cut others off. Plants should be 10 inches apart. Runner plants should not be allowed to root in the furrows.
HARVESTING -- Spring bearing varieties will start to produce normally about April 20th, and will extend until June 15th or later. Harvest only fully ripe berries. Everbearing varieties will produce in spring and fall with few during the hot summer.
STORAGE -- Strawberries should be eaten, canned, or frozen within a day or two after harvest.
SWEET CORN HARDINESS -- Tender, may stand very light frost.
BEST TIME TO GROW -- Spring and summer.
VARIETIES -- Bonanza, Earlibelle, Peaches and Cream, Silver Queen.
WHAT TO PLANT-- Seed.
PLANTING DATES -- April, May.
DAYS TO MATURITY -- 90 to 100 days.
AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 50 feet of row at one time. Make successive plantings every 2 or 3 weeks, 1/4 pound of seed will plant 200 feet.
ROW SPACING -- 30 inches.
PLANT SPACING IN ROW -- Thin to 12 inches.
DEPTH OF SEEDING -- 1-1/2 inches.
IRRIGATION -- Be sure the soil is moist for proper germination. After plants are up, irrigate every 7 to 10 days. Moisten soil to a depth of 3 feet.
CULTURE -- It is better to plant several short rows of sweet corn than one long row to get good pollination. Corn can be planted on the flat, and wide irrigating furrows can be made after the plants are up.
FERTILIZER -- Apply additional treatment of nitrogen fertilizer when plants are 12 inches tall to insure complete ear fill.
INSECTS-PESTS -- Corn earworm: Dust silks of each ear with an all purpose vegetable dust when silks first appear and repeat 3 times at 4-day intervals.
DISEASE -- Sugar cane mosaic virus has caused serious damage to plantings in recent years -- spread by aphids.
HARVESTING -- Pull corn in the milk or dough stage and use immediately. Harvest early in the morning and keep cool until used. Corn can be frozen.
SWISS CHARD HARDINESS -- Hardy, will stand light freezes.
BEST TIME TO GROW -- One spring planting will provide chard during the following summer, fall and winter.
VARIETIES -- Lucullus, Fordhook Giant, Rhubarb (red).
WHAT TO PLANT-- Seed.
PLANTING DATES -- April, May.
DAYS TO MATURITY-- 50 to 55 days.
AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 10 feet of row.
BED OR ROW SPACING -- Plant on beds or on flat. Use 2 rows per bed with beds spaced 30 inches center to center.
PLANT SPACING IN ROW -- 12 inches after thinning.
DEPTH OF SEEDING -- 3/4 inch.
IRRIGATION -- Keep surface soil moist until seed germinates. Then irrigate every 7 to 10 days. Keep soil moist to a depth of 30 inches.
CULTURE -- Sow 6 to 8 seeds per foot. Thin to 1 plant per foot of row when plants are 6 to 8 inches high. A new seeding should be made each spring.
HARVESTING -- Cut off outside leaves when they reach edible size. Allow center growing point to continue growing. Harvest season will last for several months. Harvest for daily needs.
CAUTION -- DO NOT dust with poisons at any time for control of insects.
TOMATOES HARDINESS-- Tender, will not withstand frost.
BEST TIME TO GROW -- During warm weather.
VARIETIES -- Early: H-11, 6718, Red Cherry, Calmart, Pakmor.
Late: Ace 55.
WHAT TO PLANT -- Use transplants.
PLANTING DATES -- May DAYS TO MATURITY -- 85, early varieties; 100 for late; 150 from seed.
AMOUNT TO PLANT -- 8 to 12 plants.
ROW SPACIIIG -- 5 feet (or 4 feet if staked).
PLANT SPACING -- 2 feet (or 15 inches if staked).
IRRIGATION -- Irrigate well, immediately after transplanting. Irrigate every 2 weeks.
Tomatoes root deeply, so water should penetrate to a depth of 5 feet. Tomatoes do not set fruit well when night temperatures drop below 60 degrees F., or when days are above 100 degrees F.
CULTURE -- About a month after the plants have been set, drive a 5- foot stake near the plant. Loosely tie the plant to the stake as it grows. (Calmart and Pakmor do not have to be staked).
FERTILIZER - Add additional fertilizer when first fruits are developing.
DISEASE - Use resistant varieties when available.
HARVESTING - Pick when fully ripe. In fall, when there is danger of frost, green mature fruits may be picked. These fruits will ripen if held at temperatures of 65 degrees to 75 degrees F. for a few days. Green mature fruits are green colored, but contain some jelly around the seeds.
STORAGE -- Tomatoes can be held for a period of 2 to 5 weeks if held at a temperature of 55 degrees F.
CAULIFLOWERThe culture of cauliflower is very similar to broccoli. Best varieties for the home garden are Snowball "A". Set Snowball plants in garden during May and June. Days to harvest Snowball "A" - 65 days. Harvest as soon as heads fill out.
GREENS Crops which may be used as greens and have similar culture as Swiss Chard are Spinach (varieties: Califlay, Prickley Winter, Nobel). Mustard (varieties: Southern Giant Curled, Florida Broad Leaf). Kale (varieties: Dwarf Blue Curled, Dwarf Green Scotch, Tall Green Scotch). New Zealand Spinach, Beet and Turnip tops are also satisfactory for greens. Plant New Zealand Spinach, Spinach, Mustard and Kale in April or May for summer green; may also be planted in August for a fall harvest.
RHUBARB Well established clumps of rhubarb require little attention and continue to produce for many years. Recommended varieties: Strawberry and Giant Cherry. Plants are started by planting divisions of old root stocks, which have at least one good bud apiece. Allow 3 feet between plants. Plant on ridges to get good drainage. No leaves should be removed during the first season. Rhubarb can be allowed to become dormant during the summer by limiting the amount of irrigation water applied. The stalks have the best quality during the winter and early spring. In harvesting, pull stalks rather than cutting them off. Seed stalks should be removed as they appear.
TURNIPS Turnips can be grown satisfactorily during the fall and early spring. Main planting dates are April and May. They require about 75 days from seeding to harvest. Purple Top White Globe is the main variety. Plant 7 to 10 feet of bed (15 to 20 feet of row) each planting.
PARSNIPS Parsnips require a long growing season (125 days) and are of best quality after the plants have been frosted. Improved Hollow Crown is a good variety. Plant in May or June, follow directions given for beets or carrots. Germination is slow and frequent watering will be necessary to get the plants up. 20 to 30 feet of row generally will be sufficient.
Parsnips are hardy and can be left in the ground all winter.
To simplify information, trade names of products have been used. No endorsement of named products is intended, nor is criticism implied of similar products which are not mentioned.