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«Taxonomic Revision, Molecular Phylogeny and Zoogeography of the huntsman spider genus Eusparassus (Araneae: Sparassidae) Dissertation for attaining ...»

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variation of epigyne, ventral (F) variation, left vulva, anterio-dorso-lateral. Scale bars: (A, C–E) 1 mm, (B, F) 0.5 mm.

Measurements of palp and legs (lectotype): Palp 10.4 [3.3, 1.5, 2.0, 3.6], I 30.1 [8.8, 4.3, 7.2, 7.8, 2.0], II 32.5 [9.8, 4.2, 8.0, 8.3, 2.2], III 29.0 [9.1, 4.0, 6.8, 7.1, 2.0], IV 31.5 [9.6, 3.7, 7.7, 8.4, 2.1].

Spination. Palp 131, 001, 1111, 1013; Legs: Femur I–III 323, IV 322; Patella I–IV 000/001;

Tibia I–IV 0024/2024; Metatarsus I–III 2024, IV 3036.

Epigyne/vulva. As in diagnosis with MS enlarged, EF quadrate in shape; EFb combined with AMLL; AMLL are not fused but continued into hardened MS (Figure 22A, E); vulva with glandular pores located at tip of glandular process (Figure 22F).

Male. Unknown.

Colouration [in ethanol]. Reddish brown with dark patches on prosoma, gray opisthosoma, ventral opisthosoma pale.

Remarks. Gravely (1931) erroneously synonymised E. pearsoni comb. nov. along with E.

maynardi comb. nov. with E. xerxes, despite noting the peculiar differences in the epigyne of E. pearsoni, which is noticeably distinguishable from E. xerxes comb. nov. Pocock (1901), in ―the Fauna of India series‖, did not include illustrations to his description of all his new species. Later, Gravely (1931) only provided drawings of E. xerxes. Consequently, the drawings of E. pearsoni (as well as E. maynardi) have never appeared in publications before and are presented here for the first time.

Known geographical distribution. Known only from the type localities including Khandesh, Ghats and Poona (=Pune) in Indian Peninsula.

–  –  –

Eusparassus lilus Strand, 1907: 437 (description of male, from Java in Indonesia, holotype in Zoologische Institute Tübingen, destroyed in 2nd WW).

Remarks. Strand (1907) did not provide any drawing of the species and the description does not include any diagnostic character of Eusparassus. According to the known distribution range and preferable habitats of Eusparassus species, Java is thought to be out of distributional limits. The species probably belongs to Olios and this genus is proved by Jäger (2003) to occur in Java [e.g., O. nigrifrons (Simon, 1897)]. The species is considered a nomen dubium until the holotype is recovered.

Olios flavovittatus (Caporiacco, 1935) comb. nov.

Eusparassus flavovittatus Caporiacco, 1935: 217, pl. 5, fig. 11 (description of juvenile; holotype from Karakoram, juvenile, examined).

Type material: Holotype: juvenile (severely damaged), PAKISTAN: Karakoram, Garhi, agris aridis, altitude 1200 m, April 1929 (MNM).

Remarks. This badly damaged juvenile was received from MCSM. Only parts of right chelicerae, the prosoma and opisthosoma are available. Examination of eye pattern and prosoma, which is as long as wide, as well as presence of several bristles (7) at distal end of chelicera basal segment (instead of one or maximum four bristles in Eusparassus spp.) revealed that the species should actually be transferred to Olios.

Acknowledgments We would like to thank all of the curators listed in Material and Methods paragraph who provided us with valuable material for this study. Furthermore, the first author is grateful to J.

Beccaloni (NHM), J. Dunlop (ZMB), C. Rollard (MNHN) and N. Scharff (ZMUC) for their hospitality during his productive visits to these particular collections. He also thanks J.

Altmann and S. Bayer for their kind help and support of his research at the Arachnology lab, Senckenberg. We are thankful to K. Kunt (Ankara), S. Henriques (Lisbon), D. Kunz (Frankfurt) and V. Hula (Brno) for collecting several fresh specimens for this study. This

Results: Chapter 3.1: Eusparassus in Eurasia

research received support from the SYNTHESYS Project (http://www.synthesys.info/) which is financed by the European Community Research Infrastructure Action under the FP7 "Capacities" Program to visit NHM collection. The first author is also indebted to EDIT (European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy) for their support of this research in the form of a grant to participate in a course and visit ZMUC. We are thanksful to anonymous reviewers for their comments on the earlier version of this paper. This study is a part of the Ph.D program of Majid Moradmand conducted at the Senckenberg Research Institute which is financially supported by the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology of Iran, which is gratefully acknowledged.


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