«HACKENSACK - HERITAGE TO HORIZONS PUBLISHED BY: THE HACKENSACK BICENTENNIAL COMMITTEE TERRY LARK, EDITOR DR. IRWIN TALBOT, PHD, ASSOCIATE EDITOR ...»
Passau, with a population of approximately 35,000 and situated in low land in Germany on the Danube and Inn Rivers, was likened to Hackensack. The towns having agreed to participate, the State Department sent a group from Hackensack, which including Mrs. Essie Olive Abeel and her son Paul, Mrs. Eberhard and Mrs. W.E. Hunger, to Germany in March 1954.
At a later time Passau students came here to study for a month in Hackensack and to visit New York City, Washington, D.C. and Boston. Every few years such trips have been arranged to encourage cultural exchange and remove the emotional scars of war. The last group from Passau came in October, 1975, and enjoyed an opportunity to learn about our Bicentennial.
A psychiatric rehabilitation center located in Hackensack since 1964, Friendship House has been concerned with meeting the needs of individuals with a psychiatric history to achieve gainful employment in the community. A sub-contract workshop within the building has been the nucleus of a work adjustment program leading to part time and full time jobs in the community.
Recognizing the need for maintenance and home repair skills, a new training program was initiated in May, 1975, to prepare Friendship House members to learn skills needed to do office cleaning, floor waxing, house painting, grounds keeping and miscellaneous home repairs.
Members are introduced to maintenance work within Friendship House itself. When proficiency is evident, an individual is assigned to a work crew going out to contracted jobs in the community. Some are daily jobs; others are a single day of repairs or clean-up.
Friendship House involves approximately 100 people weekly in vocational rehabilitation services. Fifteen to twenty are engaged in the Maintenance Training Program.
Holley Center The Holley Center, established in 1971, is a unique development as it combines both a residence and day care center for emotionally disturbed children. It was initiated by Christ Church, Hackensack which received a bequest of $300,000 from the Holley family to be used for youth work. Christ Church turned to Youth Counseling Services for advice. As a result, $900,000 in federal building funds and a federal staffing grant (on an 8 year declining basis) were obtained to operate the Holley Center as a part of the Hackensack Hospital Community Mental Health Center, serving all of Bergen County. Thirty-two boys and girls (5-12years) live in the center and thirty-seven 3 to 6 year olds come to the Center for day care treatment.
Another outgrowth of the new facility was the need to provide a special class for those children who were so severely disturbed that they could not attend the regular public schools. This class is held in Christ Church, filling another need that hitherto had not been met.
Last Page of Book Today in 1976 many popular jokes begin with, "first for the good news, then for the bad news..."
Here, in our history we have tried to tell all the news. We never said that Hackensack was perfect, but it has been our feeling that she can go on, and she will improve as she aims at those "horizons".
Improvement plans are in process for the downtown area, bounded by Essex, State and Court Streets, the Hackensack River, and the Susquehanna Railroad tracks. From our history we know this was the first part of our town to be developed, as farms and home sites. The new "Center City Complex" will coordinate its design around the Bergen County Courthouse.
The City plans include renewal of the old section. The County is also making plans, with the cooperation of Hackensack and other towns along the Hackensack River. Just as there was a Lake Hackensack in the mastodon's time, so there will be again after a dam or tidal barrier is built between Hackensack and Bogota to eliminate polluted, tidal action and stabilize the lake water level. All of this is an important environmental rehabilitation program that the Board of Chosen Freeholders envisions as transforming a heavily polluted section of the Hackensack River into a fresh water lake capable of supporting a wide range of water orientated activities on its 180 acres. The shoreline, such as Foschini and Johnson Parks, will have shoreline landscaping to encourage the residents to come for the boating, fishing, as well as the shoreline bicycle and walking trails. Also in the plans is a system of boat transportation which could provide service between Hackensack and other points on the lake. There is a 5 acre marsh that will be preserved and protected.
A key element in the Project is the restoration of the area around the Von Steuben House to its original colonial village atmosphere, with the area to be linked to Hackensack by the lakefront path system and boat facilities. There is even talk of an open-air amphitheatre to be included.
We look forward to saying in the 1980's the same things that inhabitants said in the 1880's. “We have a beautiful river for boating, bathing and fishing. In the way of recreation the town is supplied abundantly almost everyone finds pleasure on the water some way."
Additional Resources Bird, Eugene K., 'Wind-Jammers of the Hackensack Ensign, Georgianrie, "The Hunt for the Mastodon" Huston, Geraldine, "Oratani, of the Hackensacks" Koehler, Francis C., "Hilda" Koehler, Francis C., "Three Hundred Years: the Story of the Hackensack Valley" Leiby, Adrian C., "The History or'" Bergenfield, N.J.; The Huguenot Settlement of Schraalenburg" Leiby, Adrian C., ''The Revolutionary War in the Hackensack Valley; The Jersey Dutch and the Neutral Ground 1775-1783” Lenk, Richard William, "Hackensack, New Jersey from settlement to suburb 1686-1804 Livingston, Rosa A, "Turkey Feathers” Loomis, Charles B., "Hackensack, N.J., Gem of the Jerseys’, 1640-1908” Lundin, Leonard, "Cockpit of the Revolution; the War for Independence in New. Jersey" Scudder, George M., "A Historical Record of the Hackensack Public Schools" Walls, William, "The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church" Westervelt, Frances A., ''History of Bergen County, New Jersey, 1630-1923 Atlas of Bergen County 1776-1876 Exempt Firemen’s Association of Hackensack, N.J., "Hackensack New Jersey, Illustrated" Read, D.D., "The Bergen County Democrat's Illustrated History of Hackensack, N.J."
Federal Writers Project, WPA, “Bergen County Panorama” Hackensack Hospital Annual Reports 1975, 1976 The Record, The Bergen Evening Record, clipping files, Johnson Library Johnson Library microfilms of old newspapers The Trust Company of N.J. "History of Hudson County and of the Old Village of Bergen" Lane, Princeton University Press, "From Indian Trail to Iron Horse"