WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 ||

«Boundaries in Modern Representations of Bathers: An Assault on Male Sexual Pleasure Christophe Viret Water, the origin of life on earth, is the most ...»

-- [ Page 2 ] --

The questionable gender identities of the figures can, in part, be attributed to Derain’s interest in African art. Derain was introduced to African sculptures by fellow artist Vlaminck sometime around 1905, before he created Baigneuses I.13 Once, “Vlaminck showed an African 10 Christophe Viret sculpture to Derain, remarking that it was ‘almost as beautiful’ as the Venus de Milo. Derain then supposedly replied that it was ‘as beautiful’ as the Venus.”14 Derain was also a member of an artistic movement, the Fauve movement, which wanted its art to capture the primal energies of, and be akin to, “the art of wild beasts.” The angularity of the forms that comprise the middle body, in particular, can be attributed to the influence of one ‘primal’ mask found in the Congo, in which “the head is a spherical or block-like shape, and the features are merely indentations or concave planes.”15 However, Derain blended European and African art to create an acceptable style through which to explore taboo topics such as gender identity. One of the primary differences between “primal” art and “European” art, according to the members of the Fauve movement, was that primal art was “largely composed of single figures,” and “implied removal from space, time, and—perhaps most crucially—gravity.”16 While vestigial references to the natural environment of the forest and the riverside remain in Baigneuses I, the forms are heavily outlined and depicted using warm orange tones that are complementary to the cool greens and blues of the background. The figures are greatly distanced from their background, seeming to exist in a world of their own, confined to the realm of the canvas. Confinement of the blurred boundary between genders was imperative for Derain to maintain his credibility as an artist, for such topics were very taboo at his time; American art collector, writer, and thinker Gertrude Stein, one of many critics of Baigneuses I, characterized it as “a strange picture” that represented “a sort of man or woman” whose exact gender was unknown.17 Clearly, while Derain did incorporate the beauty of African art into Baigneuses I, the painting was mainly an exploration of gender as a whole. Derain purposefully depicted his figures in a natural environment and entitled his painting “Baigneuses I” as a reference to past portrayals of feminine beauty and allure. Yet, Derain’s depiction of bathers is worlds away from Fragonard’s concept of delicate feminine beauty. While Derain blurs the boundary between male and female in his artwork, by depicting nude male bathers, he also brings the assumption of an unquestionably male, heterosexual viewer, the tenet for all artwork up until his day, into question.

THE MENLO ROUNDTABLE 11 Notes

1. Thomas Jefferson, The Declaration of Independence, 1776.

2. Rémy G. Saisselin, “The Rococo as a Dream of Happiness,” The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Vol. 19, no. 2 (1960): 146.

3. Ibid, 148.

4. Whitney Chadwick, Women, Art, and Society, (London: Thames and Hudson Ltd., 1996), 235.

5. Ibid.

6. Kay Chubbuck and Kati Lovász, “The Tub, 1886,” Impressionism and the Making of Modern Art, http://blogs.princeton.edu/ modernart/ (accessed November 28, 2010).

7. Jean Southerland Boggs, Portraits by Degas, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1962), 60.

8. Robert Rosenblum and H. W. Janson, 19th Century Art, (New York:

Harry N. Abrams Inc., 1984), 393.

9. Mary Louise Krumrine, “Cézanne’s ‘Restricted Power’: Further Reflections on the ‘Bathers,’” The Burlington Magazine Publications, Ltd. Vol. 134, no. 1074 (1992): 588.

10. Tamar Garb, “Visuality and Sexuality in Cézanne’s Late Bathers,” Oxford Art Journal, Vol. 19, no. 2 (1996): 52.

11. Krumrine, “Cézanne’s ‘Restricted Power,’” 588.

12. Tamar Garb, “Visuality and Sexuality in Cézanne’s Late Bathers,” Oxford Art Journal, Vol. 19, no. 2 (1996): 46.

12 Christophe Viret

13. Jack D. Flam, “Matisse and the Fauves,” in Primitivism in 20th Century Art, edited by William Rubin (New York: Museum of Modern Art, 2002), 211.

14. Ibid, 214.

15. Susan L. Ball, “The Early Figurative Works of Derain, 1905-1910:

A Re-Evaluation,” Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 43 Bd., H. 1 (1980):

83.

16. Flam, “Matisse and the Fauves,” 211.

17. Ball, “The Early Figurative Works of Derain” 86.

Bibliography “André Derain (1880 – 1954).” March 18, 2010. Worldwide Art Resources. http://wwar.com/ (accessed December 2, 2010).

“André Derain.” November 7, 2010. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.

org/ (accessed November 23, 2010).

Axtell, James L. “Locke, Newton, and ‘The Elements of Natural Philosophy.’” Paedagogica Europaea Vol. 1 (1965): 235-245.

“Bathers (Les Grandes Baigneuses).” 2010. The National Gallery.

http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/ (accessed November 30, 2010).

“Bathers.” 2010. The Museum of Modern Art. http://www.moma.

org/ (accessed November 30, 2010).

Ball, Susan L. “The Early Figurative Works of Derain, 1905-1910:

A Re-Evaluation.” Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 43 Bd., H. 1 (1980):

79 – 96.

–  –  –

Canaday, John. Mainstreams of Modern Art. Australia: Wadsworth Thomson Learning, 1987.

Chadwick, Whitney. Women, Art, and Society. London: Thames and Hudson Ltd., 1996.

Chubbuck, Kay and Kati Lovász. “The Tub, 1886.” Impressionism and the Making of Modern Art. http://blogs.princeton.edu/modernart/ (accessed November 28, 2010).

Flam, Jack D. “Matisse and the Fauves.” In Primitivism in 20th

Century Art, edited by William Rubin, 210-221. New York:

Museum of Modern Art, 2002.

Garb, Tamar. “Visuality and Sexuality in Cézanne’s Late Bathers.” Oxford Art Journal. Vol. 19, no. 2 (1996): 46 – 60.

“Gertrude Stein.” December 2, 2010. Wikipedia.

http://en.wikipedia.org (accessed December 3, 2010).

“Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732 – 1806).” March 18, 2010. Worldwide Art Resources. http://wwar.com/ (accessed December 2, 2010).

“Jean-Honoré Fragonard: The Bathers.” Boston College.

http://www.bc.edu/ (accessed December 3, 2010).

Jefferson, Thomas. “The Declaration of Independence.” 1776.

Krumrine, Mary Louise. “Cézanne’s ‘Restricted Power’: Further Reflections on the ‘Bathers.’” The Burlington Magazine Publications, Ltd. Vol. 134, no. 1074 (1992): 586 – 595.

Rewald, John. Cézanne: A Biography. New York: Harry N. Abrams Inc., 1986.

–  –  –

Saisselin, Remy G. “The Rococo as a Dream of Happiness.”

The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Vol. 19, no. 2 (1960):

145-152.

Stockstad, Marilyn. Art History: Eighteenth to Twenty-First Century Art. New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc., 2009.

“The Large Bathers.” 2010. Philadelphia Museum of Art.

Pages:     | 1 ||


Similar works:

«Goa University Sub P.O. Goa University, Taleigao Plateau, Goa 403 206, India Syllabus of M. A. (Sociology) Programme Implemented from the Academic Year 2011-2012 Purpose This programme aims to impart advanced training in sociological knowledge use and also guide students in sociological knowledge production. The teaching programme in Sociology blends classical foundations with contemporary developments and debates. Substantively, moving beyond its disciplinary confines, the programme seeks to...»

«INKLINGS FOREVER, Volume VII A Collection of Essays Presented at the Seventh FRANCES WHITE COLLOQUIUM on C.S. LEWIS & FRIENDS Taylor University 2010 Upland, Indiana Sucking Life: The Principle of Hell in Screwtape Kimberly Moore-Jumonville Screwtape's training of Wormwood in the art of deception exposes the tempters' desire to consume the other completely into the self. This insatiable appetite to devour is revealed to be the ruling principle of Hell, where one must eat or be eaten. As...»

«www.lilletourism.com PRESS KIT LILLE 2016 ALL YOU NEED IS LILLE Press Release Just 80 minutes away from London, 1 hour from Paris and 35 minutes from Brussels, Lille could quite easily have melted into the shadows of its illustrious neighbours, but instead it is more than happy to cultivate and show off all that makes it stand out from the crowd! Flemish, Burgundian and then Spanish before it became French, Lille boasts a spectacular heritage. A trading town since the Middle Ages, a stronghold...»

«Experimental and Theoretical Studies in Non-Linear Optical Applications Fiber Oscillators, Regenerative Amplifiers, Simulations on White-Light Generation Haider Zia Fachbereich Physik Universität Hamburg This dissertation is submitted to the University of Hamburg for the degree of Doctor rerum naturalium Fakultät für Mathematik, July 2015 Informatik und Naturwissenschaften Dissertation review committee: Prof. Dr. Dwayne Miller Prof. Dr. Franz Kärtner Date of oral disputaton: 23.11.2015 Oral...»

«LIFE INSURANCE CORPORATION OF INDIA Divisional Office, Jeevan Prakash, Kennedy Road, Machilipatnam – 521 001 Phone No.08672-222058 Invitation of Tenders for Catering Life Insurance Corporation of India, Divisional Office, Machilipatnam intends to invite tenders for Catering Services at STC, Machilipatnam in sealed envelopes from reputed licensed Organizations/Individuals having sound financial capacity and proven track record of at least 3 years in the field with an annual turnover of...»

«Regulation factors of productivity, nitrogen fixation and phytoplankton species composition in the upwelling area and the Mekong estuary off southern central Vietnam, South China Sea Dissertation Zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades Doktor der Naturwissenschaften (doctor rerum naturalium) Vorgelegt der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Rostock von Deniz Bombar geb. am 15. Februar 1978 in Worms Rostock 2010 URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:28-diss2010-0158-5 Gutachter: PD Dr....»

«October 31, 2014. New York: Global M&A Network, honored the winners of the prestigious AMERICAS M&A ATLAS AWARDS, in 45 “Deals of the Year”, 7 “Dealmaker Team of the Year” and 16 “Firm of the Year”, awards at the annual winners circle gala and dinner celebration held last night at the Harvard Club of New York. Mr. Richard “Rich” Holder, President and Chief Executive Officer of NN Inc., received the Americas Leadership Achievement, award. Under Mr. Holder’s leadership, NN has...»

«transcatheter Aortic Valve implantation: insights into Clinical Complications Robert M.A. van der Boon Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation: Insights into Clinical Complications Robert M.A. van der Boon Printed by: Ridderprint BV, Ridderkerk, the Netherlands Lay-out by: Ridderprint BV, Ridderkerk, the Netherlands ISBN: 978-90-5335-831-3 © Robert M.A. van der Boon, 2014 All rights reserverd. No part of this thesis may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system of any nature, or transmitted...»

«System Manuals BASEMENT User Manual BASEmesh VAW ETH Zurich Contents 1 Current Version 2 VERSION 2.6....................................... 2 March, 2016 Preface to Versions 1.0 – 1.3.............................. 3 Preface to Versions 1.4................................. 4 Preface to Version 2.0.................................. 6 2 BASEmesh Manual 13 2.1...»

«An Empirical Model of Imperfect Dynamic Competition and Application to Hydroelectricity Storage by Olli Kauppi and Matti Liski 08-011 September 2008 An empirical model of imperfect dynamic competition and application to hydroelectricity storage Olli Kauppi and Matti Liski¤ September 2008 Abstract The Nordic power market presents a unique opportunity for testing the nature and degree of market power in storage behavior due to preciseness of data on market fundamentals determining hydro resource...»

«Abhishek, b.A.,Student,Dept. of Education,,D.B.S. College,,Govind Nagar,,Kanpur,,208006,UTTAR PRADESH A1574 Acharya Supriyo, B.A.,,Student,Dept. of Geography,,DAV College,,Civil Lines,,Kanpur,208001,UTTAR PRADESH A198 Adhikary Tanmoy, B.Sc.,,Student,Department of Geography,,D.A.V.College,,Kanpur,208001,UTTAR PRADESH A456 Adwani Pooja, B.Sc,Student,Deptt. of Botany,University of Lucknow,Lucknow,226007,UTTAR PRADESH A3021 Afroj Nazis, B.Pt.,Research Scholar,E-6N/125,Sector...»

«Frequently Asked Questions Food Handler Training in Illinois The following answers are based on Public Act 098-0566 and proposed rules that are in the review process. Answers are subject to change. Who is considered a food handler? Food employee or food handler means an individual working with unpackaged food, food equipment or utensils, or food-contact surfaces. “Food employee” or “food handler” does not include unpaid volunteers in a food establishment, whether permanent or temporary....»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.