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Civil Engineer



NOTICE: This publication is available digitally on the AFDPO WWW site at:


OPR: HQ AFCESA/CEXR Certified by: HQ AFCESA/CEX (TSgt Samuel J. Love) (Colonel Bruce F. McConnell) Supersedes AFMAN 32-4005, 1 March 1999 Pages: 129 Distribution: F This manual implements AFPD 32-40, Disaster Preparedness and AFI 32-4001, Disaster Preparedness Planning and Operations. It provides explanation and procedures for the Air Force shelter program, contamination control area operations, mission-oriented protective postures, and wartime attack actions to each level of command within the United States Air Force. This AFMAN also implements North Atlantic Treaty Organization Standardization Agreements 2002, 2047, 2083, 2103, 2112, 2150, 2352, 2412, 2424, 2429, 2866, 2941, 2957, 2984, 4145 and 4192 and Air Standardization Coordinating Committee Standard 84/7, 84/18, 84/2A, and American, British, Canadian, and Australian Quadripartite Standardization Agreements 989, 1042, and 1043. Records Disposition. Ensure that all records created by this manual are maintained and disposed of IAW AFMAN 37-139, Records Disposition Schedule.


This revision incorporates Interim Change IC 2001-1. This interim change provides guidance for the Air Force Contamination Control Area (CCA) processing for the Battle Dress Overgarment (BDO), Chemical Protective Overgarment (CPO), Joint Fire Fighter Integrated Response Ensemble (J-FIRE) and the Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Level A Suit. The Contaminant Air Processing System (CAPS) is the Air Force standardized CCA processing system and will be used to the maximum extent possible. However, not possessing the CAPS will not preclude implementing Air Force standardized processing procedures.

It also includes mission critical equipment (MCE) refurbishment procedures. A “|” indicates revisions from the previous edition.


–  –  –

1.5. Medical Services.

1.6. Services.

1.7. Base Civil Engineer (BCE).

1.8. Life Support.

1.9. Security Forces.

1.10. Transportation.

1.11. Individual.

1.12. Shelter Requirements.


2.1. General Information.

2.2. Operational Concepts:

2.3. Assumptions/Baseline.

Figure 2.1.

Standard Threat Profile.

Figure 2.2.

Chemical Volume/Vapor Concentration

2.4. Sequence of Events.

2.5. Site Components.

2.6. Site Selection.

Figure 2.3.

Example of a Site Components Layout.

Figure 2.4.

Example of a Contamination Control Area Layout.

Figure 2.5.

CCA Site Selection

2.7. CCA Resources.

2.8. CCA Duties and Staffing.

2.9. Miscellaneous Support Issues.

–  –  –

Chapter 4— ATTACK ACTIONS 27

4.1. Individual Protective Equipment (IPE) Requirements.

4.2. Detection and Identification Planning Factors.

4.3. Selective Unmasking.

4.4. Contamination Control.

4.5. Pre-, Trans-, and Post-attack Actions.

4.6. Depleted Uranium

–  –  –

1.1. Objective. The objective of the shelter program is to provide the best available physical protection for Department of Defense personnel from the effects of war or disaster. Key elements to a successful personnel shelter program include adequate shelters, a base population familiar with shelter procedures, a competent staff trained in shelter management, an ability to activate and close shelters at the appropriate times, an ability to stock shelters with required supplies and equipment, and an ability to occupy shelters for extended periods.

1.2. Major Commands (MAJCOM) and Air Reserve Components (ARC). AFI 32-4001, Disaster

Preparedness Planning and Operations contains functional responsibilities for these organizations. Furthermore, to carry out the shelter program, they should:

1.2.1. Plan for nuclear, biological, chemical, and conventional (NBCC) protection based on the threat for both in-place and deployed operations, also establish planning requirements for natural disaster and catastrophic major accident situations. Where possible, they should develop a single shelter management guide for use at command locations.

1.2.2. Specify training and evaluation requirements (type and duration) for performing maintenance on shelter-unique equipment and installation specific sheltering systems.

1.2.3. Specify installation shelter exercise requirements for peacetime and wartime contingencies.

Address procedures and checklists, command and control, shelter supplies management, shelter occupation operations, extended sheltering operations, exposure control, and contamination control area (CCA) processing, to include open air processing, (as appropriate to the threat and scenario) during shelter evaluation.

1.3. Installation Commander. To implement a successful shelter program, the installation commander


1.3.1. Develop a comprehensive protection program to provide sufficient shelter spaces for peak on-base population, for military and emergency essential civilians (include added forces projections for teams and supplies). Determine the type and quantity of shelters based on the threat, both peacetime and wartime. Consider the use of open air CCAs and toxic free areas (TFAs) in chemical-biological (CB) threat areas.

1.3.2. Plan shelter occupancy on a worst case basis to support assigned personnel and personnel that are relocated from another installation due to evacuation in areas subject to catastrophic natural disasters. Include peacetime disaster shelter operations, to include appropriate evacuation activities, in local planning documents.

1.3.3. For preparatory actions covering contingencies are concerned, consider a phased approach where limited resources are always available for contingency response, but total program requirements aren’t activated until the appropriate state or stage of alert. In the event evacuation is required, consider a phased approach where non-essential activities are terminated early in the process and life saving capabilities are maintained until the last feasible stage.

AFMAN32-4005 30 OCTOBER 2001 5 1.3.4. Include sheltering scenarios during exercises using MAJCOM criteria in conjunction with para. 1.2.3. and AFI 32-4001.

1.3.5. See AFI 32-4001 for guidance on personnel relocation.

1.4. Unit Commanders. Unit commanders should:

1.4.1. Tailor MAJCOM and ARC guidance and/or shelter materials and publish unit and facility checklists for shelter operations as required.

1.4.2. Plan supply and resupply actions to support extended shelter operations. This should include planning for shelter operations for 14 consecutive days after nuclear fallout peaks; for 7 consecutive days after the onset of chemical-biological contamination; for shelter operations in deployed locations; and for shelter operations during major accidents and natural disasters.

1.4.3. Identify enough shelter management team (SMT) members to provide 24-hour coverage in the shelter. Ensure SMT members do not have conflicting duties. If required by base support plans, identify and train selected unit personnel identified for mobilization in shelter management techniques.

Paragraph 1.12.3. contains information on shelter manning requirements. If a home station NBCC threat does not exist, training is only required for the appropriate number of shelter management personnel necessary for natural disaster/major accident activities.

1.4.4. Train SMTs to operate, maintain, and perform minor troubleshooting of the equipment within the shelter. This should include filtration systems, air conditioning and heating systems, electrical systems, sanitation systems, and communications systems. For additional training, unit commanders

should: Request technical training on shelter management fundamentals from the CE readiness flight for all assigned SMT members IAW AFI 32-4001. Training for home station nuclear fallout shelters does not need to be accomplished until an increase in threat. MAJCOMs and ARC should define training time schedules for nuclear fallout shelters. Request systems (i.e. collective protection facilities and components) training from the Civil Engineer or functional manager. Request shelter-stocking training from Services, when required.

1.4.5. Ensure required equipment inspections are performed according to technical orders and MAJCOM or ARC guidance.

1.4.6. Ensure routine maintenance actions on detection instruments, available collective protection facilities, and other personnel protection items not specifically tasked to maintenance functions are performed.

1.4.7. Develop a shelter floor plan diagram. Changes should be made any time structural modifications are made to the shelter.

1.4.8. Consider assigning personnel with the same critical Air Force specialties to different shelters to enhance survivability.

1.4.9. Stagger work shifts and rest cycles, as the mission permits, to minimize bottlenecks during shelter processing.

6 AFMAN32-4005 30 OCTOBER 2001 1.4.10. Consider the mission, work and rest cycles, and the previous and expected exposure to contamination before directing personnel to duty outside the shelter.

1.4.11. Oversee the operation of the exposure control system. When deactivating the shelter, units should collect all radiological logs and individual radiological dose records. These logs should be given to the director of base medical services upon termination of shelter operations.

1.4.12. Assign unit personnel to accomplish expedient shelter hardening measures as required.

1.5. Medical Services. The director of Base Medical Services should:

1.5.1. Plan for medical treatment during shelter operations.

1.5.2. Specify first aid kit requirements for shelter operations. If not pre-positioned in shelters, provide guidance concerning the delivery of these assets.

1.5.3. Plan for, train, and equip the Wartime Medical Decontamination Team (WMDT). The primary mission of the WMDT is to provide capability to remove or neutralize NBC agents on wartime casualties immediately prior to being admitted to the Medical Treatment Facility (MTF). This includes, as a minimum, planning for patient decontamination layout, resources, and procedures at CCA/TFA locations.

1.6. Services. Services Squadron Commander should:

1.6.1. Locally determine the level of shelter stocking support necessary to meet OPlan and natural disaster planning requirements. Develop a shelter stocking plan to issue available food, water (O & M funded), and clothing stocks to shelter supervisors. Ensure wing units provide appropriate levels of support, as required, example: (Transportation: vehicles and drivers, Supply: water and clothing, etc.). Not physically stock shelters during local exercises and IG inspections. The shelter-stocking plan will be evaluated for locally determined requirements based on Oplan and natural disaster planning. Provide the Shelter Management Teams (SMT) guidance on shelter stocking contained in the shelter stocking plan and local disaster planning guidance.

1.6.2. Within the shelter-stocking plan, address the need for self-directed recreational activities during shelter operations. Take into consideration what can be purchased upon execution.

1.7. Base Civil Engineer (BCE). The BCE should:

1.7.1. Plan for expedient hardening to increase shelter protective capability during contingency operations. Assist with bunker and revetment installation and repair.

1.7.2. Direct the performance of preventive maintenance and unit level maintenance on available collective protection systems, to include those categorized as equipment i.e., survivable collective protection systems (SCPS), transportable collective protection systems (TCPS), etc.

1.7.3. Provide and maintain systems delivering potable water used to sustain contingency operations.

1.7.4. Train SMTs in facility and equipment operation and emergency troubleshooting and repair.

1.7.5. Through the Readiness Flight, trains designated SMTs in: Train designated SMTs in:

AFMAN32-4005 30 OCTOBER 2001 7 Basic concepts of shelter management and operations including CCA management and processing. Selected shelter equipment use. NBCC-related subjects as required. Post-attack damage assessment procedures, to include reporting requirements. Exposure control procedures when applicable. Plan for implementation of CCA/TFA procedures to include site selection, processing procedures, risk assessment, etc. Coordinate with Life Support on aircrew CCA processing.

1.8. Life Support. Life Support should:

1.8.1. Plan and prepare for personnel deploying to locations where Aircrew Chemical Defense (ACD) shelter facilities exist.

1.8.2. Prior to deployment become familiar with the processing procedures, capabilities, and other operational aspects of various collective protection systems.

1.8.3. Make every effort to co-locate aircrew CCA/TFA operations with base populace CCA/TFA operations established by the SRC and CE Readiness Flight. See AFM 11-303, AirCrew Life Support Combat Operations for aircrew processing procedures. Logistics, security, chemical detection, hazard predictions, and site selection established by the SRC/CE Readiness Flight will enhance aircrew processing.

1.9. Security Forces. Incorporate into unit checklists security requirements necessary to protect CCA/ TFA operations, either on or off base.

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