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4.3. Selective Unmasking. The installation commander can use selective unmasking procedures outlined in Attachment 10 to validate the absence of chemical agents. The utility of using these procedures is primarily based on detector capabilities in relation to the threat agents and the symptomology of the threat agents. Selective unmasking should be implemented only as a last resort to verify the absence of chemical agents.

4.4. Contamination Control. See Attachment 11 for guidance on contamination control.

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References AFPD 32-40, Disaster Preparedness AFI 32-4001, Disaster Preparedness Planning and Operations AFI 25-101, War Reserve Materiel (WRM) Program Guidance and Procedures AFMAN 32-4017, Civil Engineer Readiness Technician’s Manual for Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Defense AFMAN 37-139, Records Disposition Schedule AFM 11-303, Life Support Combat Operations AFVA 32-4012, Mission-Oriented Protective Postures NORAD Instruction 10-22, NBC Warning and Reporting System Contamination Control Area Phase 2 - Sustainment Exercise Operational Support Study Contamination Control Area Phase III Air Force Specialty- Specific Processing Abbreviations and Acronyms AFR—Air Force Reserve AFVA—Air Force Visual Aid ALAD—Automatic Liquid Agent Detector ANG—Air National Guard AOR—Area of Responsibility ARC—Air Reserve Component (AFR and ANG personnel combined) BCE—Base Civil Engineer BDO—Battle Dress Overgarment BDU—Battledress Uniform C3 or C—3Command, Control, and Communications CAM—Chemical Agent Monitor CB—Chemical-Biological CBW—Chemical-Biological Warfare CBWD—Chemical-Biological Warfare Defense CCA—Contamination Control Area CCT—Contamination Control Team 30 AFMAN32-4005 30 OCTOBER 2001 CHA—Contact Hazard Area CMBCC—Consolidated Mobility Bag Control Center ColPro—Collective Protection CPO—Chemical Protection Overgarment DART—Damage Assessment and Response Team FM—Field Manual GCE—Ground Crew Ensemble IPE—Individual Protective Equipment JFIRE—Joint Fire Fighter Integrated Response Ensemble JSLIST—Joint Service Lightweight Integrated Suit Technology LDA—Lightweight Decontamination Apparatus MCE—Mission Critical Equipment MOPP—Mission Oriented Protective Posture MTW—Major Theater War MTF—Medical Treatment Facility NBC—Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical NBCC—Nuclear, Biological, Chemical, Conventional OG—Overgarment RADIAC—Radiation Detection, Indication, and Computation SCPS—Survivable Collective Protection System SCUD—NATO designation for Soviet designed short-range ballistic missile SMT—Shelter Management Teams SOF—Special Operations Force SRC—Survival Recovery Center TBM—Tactical Ballistic Missile TFA—Toxic Free Area UAV—Unmanned Aerial Vehicle UCC—Unit Control Center UXO—Unexploded Ordnance VHA—Vapor Hazard Area WBGT—Wet Bulb Globe Temperature WMD—Weapons Of Mass Destruction AFMAN32-4005 30 OCTOBER 2001 31

WMDT—Wartime Medical Decontamination TeamWRM—War Reserve Material

Terms Airlock—The controlled space that allows people or equipment to pass between the vapor hazard area (VHA) and the toxic free area (TFA), without disrupting the TFA protective integrity.

Assistants—Untrained personnel that help the shelter management team carry out assigned duties.

Avoidance—Actions to prevent contamination from getting on mission-essential resources and personnel, whether directly from agent deposition or by transfer from contaminated surfaces.

Battle Dress Overgarment(BDO)— Specific reference to the camouflage (woodland green or desert pattern) OG coat and trousers only.

Biological Agent—A microorganism that causes disease in personnel, plants, or animals or causes the deterioration of materiel.

Biological Defense —The methods, plans, and procedures involved in establishing and executing defensive measures against attacks using biological agents.

Bunkers and Revetments—Protective structures used to protect resources from the effects of conventional weapons.

Chemical Agent—A chemical substance which is intended for use in military operations to kill, seriously injure, or incapacitate personnel through its physiological effects. The term excludes riot control agents, herbicides, smoke, and flame.

Chemical Defense—The methods, plans, and procedures involved in establishing and executing defensive measures against attack utilizing chemical agents.

Chemical Monitoring—The continued or periodic process of determining whether or not a chemical agent is present.

Chemical Warfare (CW)—All aspects of military operations involving the employment of lethal and incapacitating munitions/agents and the warning and protective measures associated with such offensive operations. Since riot control agents and herbicides are not considered to be chemical warfare agents, those two items will be referred to separately or under the broader term "chemical." The term "chemical warfare weapons" may be used when it is desired to reflect both lethal and incapacitating munitions/ agents of either chemical or biological origin.

Collective Protection (ColPro)—systems protect those inside a building, room, shelter or tent against contamination through the combination of impermeable structural materials, air filtration equipment, air locks, and overpressurization.

Contact Hazard Area (CHA)—An area in a CCA where chemical-biological agents in both liquid/solid and vapor form may exist.

Contamination—(1) The deposit, absorption, or adsorption of radioactive material, or of biological or chemical agents on or by structures, areas, personnel, or objects. (2) Food and/or water made unfit for consumption by humans or animals because of the presence of environmental chemicals, radioactive elements, bacteria, or organisms, the byproduct of the growth of bacteria or organisms, the decomposing material (to include the food substance itself), or waste in the food or water.

32 AFMAN32-4005 30 OCTOBER 2001 Contamination Control—procedures to avoid, reduce, remove, or render harmless, temporarily or permanently, nuclear, biological, and chemical contamination for the purpose of maintaining or enhancing the efficient conduct of military operations.

Contamination Control Area—An area in which chemically contaminated individual protective equipment (IPE) is removed; people, equipment, and supplies are decontaminated to allow processing between a toxic environment and a toxic free area; and people exiting a toxic free area may safely don IPE.

Control Center—A unit command and control function. Control centers monitor unit resources and mission capability and coordinate unit activities during disaster operations.

Conventional Weapon—A weapon which is neither nuclear, biological, nor chemical.

Decontamination—The process of making any person, object or area safe by absorbing, destroying, neutralizing, making harmless, or removing chemical or biological agents or by removing radioactive material clinging to or around it. As a part of the contamination control process, decontamination operations are intended to help sustain or enhance conduct of military operations by preventing or minimizing performance degradation, casualties, or loss of material. See definitions of immediate, operational, thorough and reconstitution decontamination.

Emergency Operations Shelters—Shelters that house control centers and other work centers that must remain operational during any phase of hostilities.

Force Protection-—Security program designed to protect service members, civilian employees, family members, facilities, and equipment, in all locations and situations, accomplished through planned and integrated application of combating terrorism, physical security, operations security, personal protective services, law enforcement, and supported by intelligence, counterintelligence, and other security programs to ensure combat capability.

Immediate Decontamination—Decontamination that involves:

Aim - minimize casualties, save lives, and limit the spread of contamination When - conducted as soon as someone suspects critical resources have been contaminated Who - individual What - skin, personal clothing, and equipment Individual Protective Equipment (IPE) —nuclear, biological and chemical warfare, the personal clothing and equipment required to protect an individual from biological and chemical hazards and some nuclear effects.

Joint Fire Fighter Integrated Response Ensemble (JFIRE) —This ensemble includes the Fire Fighter Interspiro protective mask, filters/canister, hood, OG, and chemical fire protective gloves. In addition, fire protective clothing such as the proximity suit and fire boots are worn over the CPO ensemble to provide fire protection capability.

Joint Service Lightweight Integrated Suit Technology (JSLIST) —C h e m i c a l Protective Overgarment (CPO) Referred to in this document as CPO. This ensemble includes the MCU-2A/P protective mask, filters/canister, hood, OG, protective gloves with glove inserts, and footwear covers.

Medical Treatment Facility (MTF) —Facility designated to treat wounded, injured or sick personnel.

AFMAN32-4005 30 OCTOBER 2001 33 mg-min/m—3 An expression of the concentration (in milligrams) of an agent in the air breathed in for a specific period (in minutes; usually a 10 minute exposure) contained within a specific volume of air (1 cubic meter).

Neat chemicals—A chemical agent in its original form.

On-Base (ground-level arrangement)—Basic open air CCA set up on base. Stations are spread out horizontally.

On-Base (vertical arrangement)—CCA operation constructed inside a building with stations going up each floor.

Open Air Contamination Control Area—A CCA that is not associated with a collective protective system.

Operational Decontamination—Decontamination that involves:

Aim - minimize contact or transfer hazard and sustain operations.

When - conducted when operations require.

Who - individual, crews, teams, or units.

What - specific parts of operationally essential equipment, material, work areas and exchange of individual protective equipment.

Overgarment (OG)—A generic term used to reference the CPO or BDO.

Peak On-Base Population—The maximum number of military and emergency essential civilians who are planned to be on base. For wartime planning; include additive forces and mobilization augmentees;

exclude those host and tenant personnel tasked for deployment, non-essential contractors, non-essential civilians, and all other people covered by evacuation planning.

Pre-attack Phase—A term used in planning for general war. It is the period from the present until the first enemy weapon impacts.

Post-attack Phase—In NBCC warfare, the period between termination of the final attack and formal political termination of hostilities. In base recovery after attack actions, it is the period after an attack where the installation assesses damage and repairs mission critical facilities.

Protection Factor—The relationship between the amount of nuclear fallout radiation which would be received by a completely unprotected person compared to the amount which would be received by a person in a shelter. Example: A shelter with a protection factor of 40 means that a person inside the shelter would be exposed to a radiation dose rate one-fortieth of which they would be exposed in the same location if unprotected.

Pyrophoric—Spontaneously igniting in air.

Radiological Defense—Defensive measures taken against the radiation hazards resulting from the employment of nuclear and radiological weapons.

Readiness—The ability of U. S. military forces to fight and meet the demands of the national military strategy. Readiness is the synthesis of two distinct but interrelated levels: (a) unit readiness - The ability to provide capabilities required by the combatant commanders to execute their assigned missions. This is derived from the ability of each unit to deliver the outputs for which it was designed. (b) joint readinessAFMAN32-4005 30 OCTOBER 2001 The combatant commander’s ability to integrate and synchronize ready combat and support forces to execute his or her assigned missions.

Reconstitution Decontamination—Decontamination that involves:

Aim - eliminate contamination to restore mission critical resources to a condition which permits unrestricted use, handling, or operation, and release from military control. (Decontaminate to the national standards of the location to which the resources will be sent. If no national standards are available, use US standards.) When - conducted after hostile actions have terminated, when the commander determines it is in the unit’s best interest, or when directed by higher authority.

Who - units or wings with external support.

What - mission critical aircraft, equipment, material, work areas and terrain.

Relocation—Moving mission-essential functions and personnel from high- to low-risk target areas for survival, recovery, and reconstitution.

Rest and Relief Shelters—Any shelter not designated as an emergency operations shelter that an installation uses for rest and relief for personnel.

Shelters—structures that protect personnel from exposure to CB contamination. As a minimum, they provide a physical barrier that keeps a portion of the contamination away from the people inside.

Survival Recovery Center (SRC)—The command and control element that directs and monitors the installation’s actions before, during and after a contingency. See AFI 32-4001 for recommended composition and responsibilities for SRC members.

Thorough Decontamination—Decontamination that involves:

Aim - reduce contamination to the lowest possible levels, to permit partial or total removal of IPE and maintain operations with minimum degradation.

When - conducted when operations, manning, and resources permit.

Who - units or wings, with or without external support.

What - personnel, equipment, material, or work areas (may include some terrain beyond the scope of operational decontamination.

Toxic Free Areas—provide personnel the ability to work or obtain rest and relief without wearing IPE.

Vapor Hazard Area (VHA) —An area in a CCA where chemical-biological warfare agent vapor hazards may exist.

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