«BY ORDER OF THE AIR FORCE MANUAL 32-4005 SECRETARY OF THE AIR FORCE 30 OCTOBER 2001 Civil Engineer PERSONNEL PROTECTION AND ATTACK ACTIONS NOTICE: ...»
AFMAN32-4005 30 OCTOBER 2001 41 A2.8.5. Protective masks with liquid/solid contamination on the exterior surfaces, that are otherwise serviceable, will be serviced for reuse. Replace the hood, eyelens, outserts, and inlet valve caps (M17 series mask), when the mask is serviced. Change filter or canister elements according to technical order guidance. Discard masks with contamination on the interior surfaces.
A2.8.6. Groundcrew Protective gloves, cotton inserts, footwear covers, and hoods contaminated with liquid agents are discarded. Certain EOD and Fire equipment are refurbished for reuse. See Table A2.13. for MCE refurbishment procedures.
A2.8.7. Retain all other equipment, not addressed above for reuse, if it does not present a hazard. If decontamination is necessary, follow the procedures in T.O. 11C15-1-3.
A2.9. Shelter Checklist and Sign Requirements.
A2.9.1. Checklist Requirements. In most cases, checklists should be specific enough to allow an untrained person to accomplish all needed actions.
A2.9.2. The unit should develop checklists for unit control center and shelter interface.
A2.9.3. The SMT should develop implementing instructions for shelter operation. These instructions should include activation, shelter operation, equipment operation, contamination control, and deactivation for their specific shelter. Also, the SMT may require untrained assistants for specific tasks necessary in the shelter. The number of assistants, task distribution, and combining of tasks are flexible and determined by the SMT. The SMT should develop checklists for untrained assistants to follow.
(as a minimum):
A184.108.40.206. Casualty Care Tasks. Establish a first aid and buddy care capability for the shelter.
Arrange for casualty transportation to casualty collection points or medical facilities, if necessary.
A220.127.116.11. Security Tasks. Secure all points of entry or exit when the shelter is operational. Use only one entrance and exit. Provide security for supplies and equipment critical to the mission.
Maintain order and discipline in the shelter.
A18.104.22.168. Fire Control Tasks. Inspect the shelter each shift to identify potential fire sources.
Brief shelterees on fire suppression equipment location and ensure it is operational. Plan for evacuation in case the shelter becomes uninhabitable. Designate reassembly points and a methods to ensure everyone is evacuated.
A22.214.171.124. Supply Tasks. Coordinate consumable resupply with the control center responsible for the consumables.
A126.96.36.199. Subsistence Tasks. Follow guidance from the base services unit. Implement the shelter stocking plan.
A188.8.131.52. Sanitation Tasks. Plan for and maintain sanitation in the shelter to prevent disease.
Remove solid waste (garbage, trash, unusable clothing, etc.) from the shelter on a regular basis.
Usually, this can be done as shelterees out process. Human waste disposal is another critical area.
Use built-in toilet systems and plan for back-up systems in emergencies. If the shelter does not have a built-in toilet, develop a make shift system. Consider using trash cans with garbage bag liners. Frequent removal is required. Plan for shelterees to clean their hands before eating, after toilet use, and after handling garbage to minimize disease.
42 AFMAN32-4005 30 OCTOBER 2001 A184.108.40.206. Administrative Tasks. Keep an events log from the time the shelter is activated until deactivation. Include all significant events for the shelter, directed actions from higher authority, and communications between the shelter and the unit control center. Report casualties and deceased persons to the unit control center for relay to the medical control center, mortuary control center, and personnel readiness unit. Take all shelter administrative records when evacuating.
A220.127.116.11. Mortuary Tasks. Report all deaths as soon as possible, and follow the mortuary control center instructions for remains disposition.
A18.104.22.168. Sleeping Tasks. Plan for and operate a sleeping area for the shelter. Provide sleeping accommodations for each expected shelter occupant.
A22.214.171.124. Recreation Tasks. Plan and conduct regular recreation sessions during extended shelter operations.
A2.10. CCA Supervisor and Attendant Guidelines. The following information is provided to help the CCA supervisor and assistants perform their duties. They are especially important to the CCA assistants because they are not predesignated and trained. It may be necessary for one person to perform the tasks in more than one area and it may be possible to divide the tasks in a single area between several personnel.
You may have to modify the information to add CCA-specific designs, equipment, supplies, and available manpower to fit your mission needs. If staffing allows, it’s a good idea to have an assistant located in the holding area who can answer questions concerning the procedures and direct people to the appropriate processing line, thereby equalizing the flow of personnel and minimizing bottle necks.
A2.10.1. CCA Supervisor Actions. Use Table A2.7. for the CCA supervisor’s actions.
AFMAN32-4005 30 OCTOBER 2001 43
1. Coordinate with the shelter supervisor or NBC Control Center for required assistants.
a. Brief assistants and provide them with checklists.
b. Set work, rest, and replacement cycles for assistants c. Supervise assistants.
2. Set up the CCA and post instructions.
a. As personnel leave the transportation point, they should be directed (either by signs or attendant)
to the contamination control area. Monitor and prompt personnel processing to:
- Follow all instructions carefully.
- Touch only the outside of clothing.
b. Ensure decontamination kits are placed throughout the line. Restock if necessary. One M295 per individual processing is the minimum required at the Arrival and Initial Decon Area.
c. Ensure all footwear shuffle boxes are filled with a 5% chlorine solution. (Household bleach).
Note: The boxes should be filled to the point that the solution covers the bottoms and sides of the overboots but not to the point that it rises well up into the OG pant leg area. Refill as necessary d. Ensure all glove wash troughs are filled with the 5% chlorine solution and the rinse troughs are filled with water. Refill as necessary.
e. Ensure benches are available to facilitate footwear cover removal f. Ensure barrels/hampers and liners are at each station for discarded clothing and equipment. Empty with they become full.
g. Determine the location of areas designated for contaminated waste and trash disposal, OG aeration, and other IPE decontamination.
h. Ensure equipment and decontaminants are available to decontaminate the CCA.
3. Coordinate CCA restocking with the shelter supervisor.
4. Establish a clean egress route and post instructions.
5. Maintain a steady processing flow.
6. Clean and refurbish the lines regularly i.e., remove trash, empty OG hampers, refill chlorine.
8. Refurbishment Area
- Ensure work space, spare mask parts, hoods, cloths, decontamination solutions, sponges, water, M291/M295 decontamination kits are available for cleaning and servicing masks.
Restock supplies as necessary
- Ensure containers and liners are available for removed items.
- Ensure an overgarment and duty uniform aeration area is designated.
9. If there are instances where personnel must doff their underclothing, ensure the mask and clothing are removed from the hampers or airlock regularly.
1. Keep decontaminant containers filled with 5% chlorine solution.
2. Collect, bag, and dispose of contaminated rubber IPE, as required.
3. Collect bag, and process classified material throughout the line, if required.
4. Collect and transport mission critical equipment to the Refurbishment Area.
5. Retrieve and store decontaminated IPE when needed.
6. Coordinate with the shelter supervisor to restock the CHA supplies.
7. Clean, monitor, and decontaminate the CHA; remove trash and contaminated items as necessary.
8. Pick up deposited masks from the Mask Monitoring/ Removal Area and transfer them to the Refurbishment Area. Once the mask are refurbished transport to the TFA.
9. Refurbish Mission Critical Equipment (MCE) See Table A2.13.
10. Transport aerated and refurbished MCE to the TFA.
11. Collect, separate, and stow duty uniforms.
Protective Mask Refurbishment Area Layout A2.11. CCA Signs. Signs should be displayed in a chemical-biological CCA to guide personnel through the process of doffing and donning their IPE. The signs should be concise and readable to be effective and are based on the premise that processees have been trained in CCA processing procedures. Signs may be enhanced by including dual language, if required, and developing graphics and illustrations depicting processing procedures. List only the key steps to be performed at each station. Number each station and
keep the steps in the area and in the sequence similar to the following:
A2.11.1. Ingress Signs: Use Table A2.9. for CCA Processing Procedures. Note: The procedures for JFIRE processing are recommended only.
AFMAN32-4005 30 OCTOBER 2001 47 Table A2.9. CCA Processing Procedures
3. Thoroughly decontaminate yourself and all exterior equipment, including your weapon, using * * * the M295 decontamination kits provided. Buddies should assist each other in hard to reach areas.
Special interest should be given to gloves, hood/mask, and filter canisters.
1. Attendant will obtain classified material. Place in an airtight bag and label it with the individuals Name, Rank, SSAN. The individual will receive the classified before the leaving the CCA to the TFA.
The following information could be posted within this area.
1. Carefully read the notices posted on the information boards prior to beginning your processing.
2. Remove your individual protective equipment (IPE) in the order specified by the posted instructions.
3. Remove all external items other than protective mask and overgarment and place on racks. * * * These items include Helmet, Vest (aircrew), Web Gear, Mask Carrier, Flak Vest, Cold/Wet Weather Gear and other non-essential items.
IMPORTANT: Do not let previously deconned equipment touch the ground.
5. One individual will lift their leg closest to the center of the bench and rests it on the bench as * * * your buddy removes the overboot/bunker boot and drops it into the hamper. Once the overboot/ bunker boot is removed place your foot on the clean side of the bench as you now straddle the bench.
BDO Trouser Removal
1. Buddy will:
• Unsnap rear snaps, untie waist cord, loosen side pull straps and unfasten front fly * closure.
3. Buddy will:
• Pull the jacket down and away from the individual’s shoulders helping them remove their arms from the sleeves one at a time.
- Elastic sleeve cuffs – Jacket will come off inside out.
- Velcro sleeves – Jacket will come off right-side out.
5. Repeat the jacket removal steps for the doffing buddy and proceed to Joint Firefighter Integrated Response Ensemble (J-FIRE) Bunker pants and CPO trouser removal
5. Individual will:
• Steady themselves by holding on to the rack. Extend your foot back one at a time. *
6. Buddy will:
• Remove the individual’s trousers and place them into the containment hamper. *
CPO Jacket Removal
1. Buddy will disconnect the canister and hose assembly and secure it around breathing * valve filter away from the CPO jacket.
2. Your buddy will loosen zippers, and hook and pile tape on the front of the jacket, the jacket * * sleeves and the hood.
6. Your buddy will pull the jacket down and away from your shoulders helping the processee * * remove their arms from the sleeves one at a time. Note: Your arms should come out of the coat without turning the sleeves inside out.
4. Remove the suit one leg at a time by lifting your leg backward and pulling it free from the * leg and foot. Place a plastic sock or bootie on the exposed foot before it touches the ground.
3. If cam bar readings are less than the CAM Monitoring Chart, the individual will * * * * remove their mask according to the Mask Removal procedures below.
EMERGENCY CCA PROCEDURES
If cam bar readings are the same upon remonitoring, take the following emergency steps:
1. Immediately stop CCA operations.
2. Monitor surrounding area within the VHA to verify levels and look for any potential hot spots.
3. If hot spots are found decontaminate by using decontamination kits, washing down area with 5% chlorine solution, sealing, removing, and covering.
4. Once levels are below the ones listed in the CAM Monitoring Chart, continue CCA operations
5. If levels have not changed
- Check serviceability of CAMs. Replace as necessary and remonitor area.
- Verify wind direction. Ensure you are still downwind or crosswind. If not, the CCA must be relocated to an upwind or crosswind location.