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«RESEARCH INTERESTS: Primary Research Area: Theoretical and Observational Studies of Planetary Atmospheres Ionospheres and Magnetospheres Current ...»

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Curriculum Vitae of


Space Physics Laboratory, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum 695022, Kerala, India

Tel: +91-471-2562330; Fax : +91-471-2706535

Email: Anil_Bhardwaj@vssc.gov.in, bhardwaj_spl@yahoo.com


M.Sc. in Physics, Lucknow University, 1987

Under Graduate Diploma in German language, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 1989

Ph.D. in Physics (Space Physics), Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 1992


1993–1997: Scientist-SD, Space Physics Laboratory, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum 1998–2002: Scientist-SE, Space Physics Laboratory, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum 2002–present: Scientist-SF, Space Physics Laboratory, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum January 2004– October 2005 : National Research Council (NRC)-National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Senior Research Associate at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA


Primary Research Area:

Theoretical and Observational Studies of Planetary Atmospheres Ionospheres and Magnetospheres

Current research interests are:

Aurora and airglow processes in planetary atmospheres, chemistry of planetary and cometary atmospheres and ionospheres, charged particle acceleration and precipitation in gases, Monte Carlo simulations of processes in the atmospheres, interaction of energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) with atmospheres, ENA imaging of the magnetosphere-ionosphere system, space weather studies, ground-based and space-based multi- spectral studies of planetary bodies, multi-wavelength imaging and spectroscopy of planetary emissions, and comparative planetology.

The planetary bodies on which I have worked include, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Io, Europa, Ganymede, Triton, Titan, Mars, Earth, and Comets (particularly, comets 1P/Halley and 46P/Wirtanen).


Ph.D.'s 1, Marykutty Michael in 2001, dissertation title “Model for electron degradation and production of emission in the atmosphere of Io”.

M.Tech Thesis - 2, K. Rajmohan in 1995, thesis title "Electron Excitation of Triton's Atmosphere";

K.B.Smart in 2003, thesis title "Sputtering of Europa by the Jovian Magnetospheric Plasma"; Cochin University of Science and Technology.



Indian PI of SARA experiment on the First Indian Lunar Mission Chandrayaan-1 Associate-I on soft x-ray telescope of ASTROSAT

Observation Programs:

PI on GMRT Jupiter observation program – 2003 Co-I on Chandra X-ray observation program for Jupiter, Saturn, Earth – 2000- 2005 Co-I on Joint Chandra-HST Jupiter observation program – 2002 Co-I on XMM Saturn observation program – 2005 1 Co-I on joint Chandra-XMM-Newton observation of Jupiter during New Horizon flyby (Feb. 2007)


Developed curriculum and delivered introductory lectures to graduate students (research fellows) of SPL on topics: – The Sun, solar wind, and solar radiation; Planetary system: planets, satellites, comets, their atmospheres, ionospheres, and magnetospheres.

Lectures on "Atmospheres of Planets and Satellites" to post-graduate students of the United NationsCSSTEAP Post Graduate Course in Space Physics and Atmospheric Sciences Invited lectures on “Planetary Physics”, to teachers from Universities and colleges as a part of UGCRefresher course in Physics Lectures on “Space Sciences and Planetary Sciences”, to School Teachers and students in various Workshop and schools

EDITOR/Referee Responsibilities:

Editor-in-Chief, Advances in Geosciences, Volume 3- Planetary Science, World Scientific Publication, Singapore, 2006.

Guest Editor, Planetary and Space Sciences, Special Issue on AOGS 2005 “HIGHLIGHTS IN PLANETARY SCIENCE”, 2006 Editor-in-Chief, Advances in Geosciences, Planetary Science Volume 9, World Scientific Publication, Singapore, 2007 Referee, several International (e.g., JGR, GRL, Icarus, ApJ, Planetary & Space Sci.) and National Journals


1) American Geophysical Union 2) Kerala Academy of Sciences

3) Astronomical Society of India 4) Indian Space Scientist Association


Recognized Research Guide, Mahatma Gandhi University and Kerala University Member, SGTG WG “Space Sciences and Interplanetary Missions” of ISRO - Vision 2000-2025 Member PLANEX “National Research Program on Planetary Sciences and Planetary Exploration in India”, a National Program of ISRO President, Planetary Sciences, Asia Oceanic Geosciences Society (2006-2008) Member, ADCOS Science Panel –3 for Vision document on Planetary Exploration Programme of ISRO Member, Indian CAWSES Program Member, Academic Committee of Space Physics Laboratory (SPL)


Best paper award for the article "Non-Stationary Plasma Processes on Comets and its Implications", presented at the PLASMA-95 Symposium held at Banaras Hindu University, October 1995 GRL 2005 paper by Bhardwaj et al. “Solar Control on Jupiter’s Equatorial X-ray Emissions: 26-29 November 2003 XMM-Newton Observation”, selected as “AGU Journal Highlight” ESA did a Press Release on March 7, 2005, titled “Jupiter: A Cloudy Mirror for the Sun?” on the GRL paper “Solar Control on Jupiter’s Equatorial X-ray Emissions: 26-29 November 2003 XMM-Newton Observation” NASA did a Press Release on May 25, 2005, titled “NASA's Chandra Finds Saturn Reflects X-Rays from Sun” on the ApJL paper “Chandra Observation of an X-ray Flare at Saturn: Evidence for Direct Solar Control on Saturn’s Disk X-ray Emissions”

–  –  –

NASA did a press release on December 28, 2005, titled “Chandra Looks Back At The Earth” on the JASTP paper “First Terrestrial Soft X-ray Auroral Observation by The Chandra X-ray Observatory”


More than 40 invited talks at several Institutes in India and abroad


Presented over 50 research papers at conferences in India and abroad


Convener or Co-convener of several sessions at National and International meetings Organizer of Workshops and conferences


1. A. Bhardwaj, S.A. Haider, and R.P. Singhal Auroral and Photoelectron Fluxes in Cometary Ionospheres.

Icarus, 85, 216-228 (1990).

2. A. Bhardwaj and R.P. Singhal Auroral and Dayglow Processes on Neptune.

Indian Journal of Radio and Space Physics, 19, 171-176 (1990).

3. R.P. Singhal and A. Bhardwaj Monte Carlo Simulation of Photoelectron Energization in Parallel Electric Fields: Electroglow on Uranus.

Journal of Geophysical Research, 96, 15963-15972 (1991).

4. R.P. Singhal, S.C. Chakravarty, A. Bhardwaj, and B. Prasad Energetic Electron Precipitation in Jupiter's Upper Atmosphere.

Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 18245-18256 (1992).

5. S.A. Haider, A. Bhardwaj, and R.P. Singhal Role of Auroral and Photoelectrons on the Abundances of Methane and Ammonia in the Coma of Comet Halley.

Icarus, 101, 234-243 (1993).

6. A. Bhardwaj and R.P. Singhal Optically Thin H Lyman Alpha Production on Outer Planets: Low-Energy Proton Acceleration in Parallel Electric Fields and Neutral H Atom Precipitation from Ring Current.

Journal of Geophysical Research, 98, 9473-9481 (1993).

7. A. Bhardwaj, S. A. Haider, and R. P. Singhal Consequences of Cometary Aurora on the Carbon Chemistry at Comet P/Halley.

Advances in Space Research, 16(2), 31-36 (1995).

–  –  –

9. A. Bhardwaj, S. A. Haider, and R. P. Singhal Production and Emissions of Atomic Carbon and Oxygen in the Inner Coma of Comet Halley: Role of Electron Impact.

Icarus, 120, 412-430 (1996).

10. A. Bhardwaj and M. Michael Photoelectron Excitation of Io's Atmosphere.

Advances in Space Research, 20(2), 301-304 (1997).

11. S.A. Haider and A. Bhardwaj Chemistry of the Ions ≤40 AMU in the Inner Coma of Comet Halley.

Advances in Space Research, 20(2), 291-294 (1997).

12. M. Michael and A. Bhardwaj On the Dissociative ionization of SO2 in the Io's Atmosphere.

Geophysical Research Letters, 24, 1971-1974 (1997).

13. A. Bhardwaj Ring current H Atom Precipitation on the Outer Planets.

Advances in Space Research, 20(2), 233-237 (1997).

14. A. Bhardwaj On the Role of Solar EUV, Photoelectrons, and Auroral Electrons in the Chemistry of C(1D) and the Production of CI 1931 Å in the Inner Cometary Coma: A Case for Comet P/Halley.

Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 1929-1942 (1999).

15. A. Bhardwaj and M. Michael On the Excitation of Io's Atmosphere by the Photoelectrons: Application of the Analytical Yield Spectrum of SO2.

Geophysical Research Letters, 26, 393-396 (1999).

16. A. Bhardwaj and S.A. Haider Modeling of Metastable Carbon Atoms in Comets: Implications for ROSETTA.

Advances in Space Research, 23(7), 1325-1328 (1999).

17. A. Bhardwaj and M. Michael Monte Carlo Model for Electron Degradation in SO2 Gas: Cross Sections, Yield Spectra and Efficiencies.

Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 24713-24728 (1999).

18. A. Bhardwaj and G.R. Gladstone Auroras on Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.

Advances in Space Research, 26(10), 1551-1558 (2000).

19. M. Michael and A. Bhardwaj Precipitation of Energetic Electrons in the Atmosphere of Io: Production of UV Emissions.

Advances in Space Research, 26(10), 1519-1524 (2000).

20. A. Bhardwaj and G.R. Gladstone Auroral Emissions of the Giant Planets.

Reviews of Geophysics, 38, 295-353 (2000).

20. This article made the cover page of Reviews of Geophysics, vol.38, No.3, August 2000.

–  –  –

22. A. Bhardwaj, G.R. Gladstone, and P. Zarka An Overview of Io Flux Tube Footprints in Jupiter's Auroral Ionosphere.

Advances in Space Research, 27, No.11, 1915-1922 (2001).

23. G.R. Gladstone, J.H. Waite, Jr., D. Grodent, W.S. Lewis, F.J. Crary, R.F. Elsner, M.C. Weisskopf, T.

Majeed, J.-M. Jahn, A. Bhardwaj, J.T. Clarke, D.T. Young, M.K. Dougherty, S.A. Espinosa, T.E.

Cravens A Pulsating Auroral X-Ray Hot Spot on Jupiter.

Nature, 415, 1000-1003 (2002).

24. A. Bhardwaj and S.A. Haider Chemistry of O(1D) Atoms in the Inner Coma: Implications for Cometary Missions.

Advances in Space Research, 29, No.5, 745-750 (2002).

25. A. Bhardwaj, G. R. Gladstone, R. F. Elsner, J. H. Waite, Jr., D. Grodent, T. E. Cravens, R. R.

Howell, A. E. Metzger, N. Ostgaard, A. N. Maurellis, R. E. Johnson, M. C. Weisskopf, T. Majeed, P.

G. Ford, A. F. Tennant, J. T. Clarke, W. S. Lewis, K. C. Hurley, F. J. Crary, E. D. Feigelson, G. P.

Garmire, D. T. Young, M. K. Dougherty, S. A. Espinosa, J.-M. Jahn Soft X-Ray Emissions from Planets, Moons, and Comets.

ESA Special Publication 514, 215-226 (2002).

26. R.F. Elsner, G.R. Gladstone, J.H. Waite, Jr., F.J. Crary, R.R. Howell, R.E. Johnson, P.G. Ford, A.E.

Metzger, K.C. Hurley, E.D. Feigelson, G.P. Garmire, A. Bhardwaj, D. Grodent, T. Majeed, A.F.

Tennant, M.C. Weisskopf Discovery of Soft X-Ray Emission from Io, Europa and the Io Plasma Torus.

Astrophysical Journal, 572, 1077-1082 (2002).

27. A. Bhardwaj and M. Michael Io-Jupiter System: A Unique Case of Moon-Planet Interaction.

ESA Special Publication 514, 115-121 (2002).

28. A. Bhardwaj On the Solar EUV Deposition in the Inner Comae of Comets with Large Gas Production Rates.

Geophysical Research Letters, 30(24), 2244, doi:10.1029/2003GL018495, PLA 2/1-5 (2003).

29. A. Bhardwaj X-ray Emissions from the Jovian System.

Bulletin of Astronomical Society of India, 31, 159-166 (2003).

30. T. Majeed, J. H. Waite, Jr., S. W. Bougher, R. V. Yelle, G. R. Gladstone, J. C. McConnell, and A.

Bhardwaj The Ionospheres-Thermospheres of the Giant Planets.

Advances in Space Research, 33, No.2, 197-211 (2004).

31. P. Vatti Palle, J. M. Ajello, and A. Bhardwaj The High Resolution Far Ultraviolet Spectrum of Electron-Excited SO2.

Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, A02310, doi:10.1029/2003JA009828, pp.1-17 (2004).

32. O. P. Makarov, J. M. Ajello, P. Vatti Palle, I. Kanik, M. C. Festou, and A. Bhardwaj Kinetic Energy Distributions and Line Profile Measurements of Dissociation Products of Water Upon Electron Impact.

Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, A09303, doi:10.1029/2002JA009353, pp.1-15 (2004).

–  –  –

34. Anil Bhardwaj, G. Branduardi-Raymont, R. F. Elsner, G. R. Gladstone, G. Ramsay, P. Rodriguez, R. Soria, J. H. Waite, Jr., and T. E. Cravens Solar Control on Jupiter’s Equatorial X-ray Emissions: 26-29 November 2003 XMM-Newton Observation.

Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L03S08, doi:10.1029/2004GL021497, pp1-5 (2005).

35. Anil Bhardwaj Discussion on Forum Article “What is the Aurora”.

EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union, vol. 86, No.11, p.110 (2005).

36. Joseph Ajello, Prahlad Vatti Palle, Hervé Abgrall, Evelyne Roueff, Anil Bhardwaj, and Jacques Gustin The Electron Excited UV Spectrum of HD: Cross Sections and Transition Probabilities.

Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 159, 314-330 (2005).

37. Anil Bhardwaj, R. F. Elsner, J. H. Waite, Jr., G. R. Gladstone, T. E. Cravens, and P.G. Ford Chandra Observation of an X-ray Flare at Saturn: Evidence for Direct Solar Control on Saturn’s Disk X-ray Emissions Astrophysical Journal Letters, 624, L121-L124 (2005).

38. Anil Bhardwaj, R. F. Elsner, J. H. Waite, Jr., G. R. Gladstone, T. E. Cravens, and P.G. Ford The Discovery of Oxygen Kα X-ray Emission from the Rings of Saturn.

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