WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 4 | 5 ||

«Planet M : The intense abstraction of Marilyn Strathern Martin Holbraad and Morten Axel Pedersen Anthropological Theory 2009 9: 371 DOI: ...»

-- [ Page 6 ] --

2 For another treatment of ‘scalar theory’ inspired by Strathern, see Wastell (2001).

3 ‘Control’ married to ‘constancy’ would be their parents!

4 Strathern says as much: ‘My interest is in the proportions that sustain the conviction of anthropological accounts’ (2004: 75).

5 There are echoes here of Charles Peirce’s concept of thirdness: ‘Thirdness is the mode of being of that which is such as it is, in bringing a second and third in relation to each other’ (Peirce, 1958: 328).

6 It is important to note that one’s intuitions about what counts as ‘more’ and as ‘less’ here must also be inverted unto themselves. To imagine the dog as being more than the dog-as-quadruped (‘more full-blown’) and the quadruped as being less than it (‘merely an abstraction’) is to think of the dog-as-quadruped as a thing-like abstension, by analogy to the dog. But abstensions are, as we have seen, defined as the kinds of things that are also, at the same time, scales (and to make this point is, if you like, to abstend the notion of the abstension itself – the abstension of the abstension). But if one thinks of the dog-as-quadruped as a scale, by analogy to the quadruped, the coordinates of ‘more’ and ‘less’ flip over. Now one wants to think of the dog as being less than the dog-as-quadruped (‘merely a particular’) and of the quadruped as being more than it (more ‘general’ or ‘universal’). Indeed, if one could say, very broadly, that the former way of imagining, thing-like, expresses an aesthetic that is characteristic of, say, phenomenology, while the latter one, scale-like, expresses an aesthetic of formalism (or even formal logic), then Strathern’s thinking is their ‘third’ too.

7 It is worth taking notice of what seems to be the distinctly anti-phenomenological tenet of this conclusion. For Strathern, it would appear, the potential of the 390

–  –  –

ethnographic fieldwork/the ethnographer’s field of information for generating surprising insights increases with time. This flies in the face of established phenomenological wisdom concerning the tragic and inevitable loss in terms of the sensuousness of the fieldwork experience as one’s memory of it is assumed to gradually fade in intensity over time.

8 But which ‘thinging’ are we talking about – what time is it, so to speak, in the ethnographic moment? A proper engagement with this question lies beyond the scope of this article, but the answer cannot be linear, chronological time. Had it been so, Strathern would indeed be guilty of the charge of anachronism hurled at her for drawing analogies between actual Hagen pasts and potential Western futures. But this is clearly not what she is doing. Rather, she seems to conduct her trans-temporal comparisons across durational time, in Bergson’s (and Deleuze’s) sense. Instead of using time as a shared context for every thing she describes, she uses time alternately as foreground and background, figure and ground, by carving temporal scales out of things while also putting things in time. Thus the scaling (‘timing’) of things and the thinging of scales (time) go hand in hand: only though an unfolding (scaling) of the fieldwork observation into an ethnographic moment is it possible to enfold (‘to thing’) such moments of insight ‘back’ into the ethnographic present. Understood in such durational terms, what happens in ‘the moment’ is by no means restricted to ‘the present’. Unlike the present, the moment is not defined by a single tense, which, paradoxically, is precisely why the ethnographic moment does not allow for any generalizations aimed at transcending history. What the concept of ethnographic moment does allow one to do, however, is to dive into a pool of potential analogies to be drawn between one’s past fieldwork experiences and one’s future objects of comparative study (as opposed to the concept of ethnographic presence which is forever imprisoned in itself, unable to self-transform for comparative purposes into different past or future versions of itself ).

9 As Adam Reed points out, The Gender of the Gift (1988) is ‘a text whose significance and rigour derives from what it omits. Orienting dichotomies of social analysis...

are... deliberately hidden. The Gender of the Gift is a book about that disappearance, one that speaks of its own constraint. It invites the reader through demonstration, as well as explication, to consider the contours of these absent dichotomies’ (Reed, 2004: 11).

10 According to Agamben (1999), the colon fulfils a distinct purpose in certain of Gilles Deleuze’s writings: ‘If we take up Adorno’s metaphor of the colon as a green light in the traffic of language... we can then say that [Deleuze’s use of the colon marks] a kind of crossing with neither distance nor identification, something like a passage without spatial movement’ (Agamben, 1999: 223).

11 The awkward relationship between any two given units of texts in Strathern’s work calls to mind what she has described as the ‘doorstep hesitation’ (as opposed to barricades) between feminism and anthropology: ‘Each in a sense mocks the other, because each so nearly achieves what the other aims for as an ideal relation with the world’ (1987: 286).

12 The idea that one aspect of something (e.g. the self as a subject) might be eliminated in order for another to feature more prominently (e.g. the self as an object) recalls Strathern’s own vocabulary of the ‘eclipsed’ and the ‘revealed’ (and their numerous 391

–  –  –





pairs of synonyms and corollaries) which mark the conceptual coordinates of what in The Gender of the Gift she calls ‘objectification’, i.e. ‘the manner in which persons and things are construed as having value, that is, are objects of people’s subjective regard or of their creation’ (1988: 176). To us it is revealing that Strathern’s ‘binary licence’, as she has recently called it (Strathern, forthcoming), does not extend to the notion of objectification itself. Considering the proliferation of binary distinctions in her work, why is Strathern’s concern with objectification not articulated with reference to a contrasting term – presumably, ‘subjectification’? We argue that the gap is consistent, inasmuch as it bears out the idea that subjects (as opposed to selves) are the one thing that cannot be talked about.

13 As an anonymous reader of this article pointed out, The Gender of the Gift (1988) has sometimes been described as ‘an authorless text’ (a term which calls to mind the once heated debates about the so-called ‘anti-humanism’ of Lévi-Strauss, Foucault, and other French thinkers). Presumably, this and other similar characterizations of Strathern’s work have not always been meant as praise; and yet it could be maintained that it is precisely for its lack of any author voice/reflexive subject that her work achieves its full radicalism. Could this be why Strathern reaches the conclusion that, attractive as it may be, Tyler’s notion of evocative ethnography falls short of suggesting a textual form from which ‘an emergent mind that has no individual locus’ (1986: 133, cited in Strathern, 2004: 14) can emerge? After all, as she then goes on to say in a remarkable comment on the merits of what we call extrospection, for a writer to produce a textual event ‘that takes place neither within nor outside the person, one needs to turn the emergent mind with no individual locus into a much stronger sense of exteriority: to imagine a person as a “someone”.

One needs to restore a perception of other presences – of those who jostle, pressing in, as concrete and particular others who will neither go away nor merge with oneself. Between the event that takes place nowhere... and the individual subject... I wish to suggest a third way of personifying the ethnographic experience, to draw a figure who seems to be more than one person, indeed more than a person... [T]here is a sense of holding together in one’s grasp what cannot be held...

of trying to make the body do more than it can do – of making connection[s] while knowing that they are not completely subsumed within [one’s] experience of them’ (2004: 26–7).

References Agamben, Giorgio (1999) Potentialities: Collected Essays in Philosophy (edited, translated and introduced by Daniel Heller-Roazen). Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Ansell Pearson, Keith (1999) Germinal Life: The Difference and Repetition of Deleuze.

London: Routledge.

Bateson, Gregory (1958) Naven (2nd edition). Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Carrier, James (2005) ‘Property and Social Relations in Melanesian Anthropology’, in C. Hann (ed.) Property Relations: Renewing the Anthropological Tradition, pp. 85–103. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Clifford, James and George E. Marcus (eds) (1986) Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

392

–  –  –

De Landa, Manuel (2002) Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy. London:

Continuum.

Gell, Alfred (1992) The Anthropology of Time: Cultural Constructions of Temporal Maps and Images. Oxford: Berg.

Gell, Alfred (1999) ‘Strathernograms, or the Semiotics of Mixed Metaphors’, in Alfred Gell, The Art of Anthropology: Essays and Diagrams (ed. Eric Hirsch). LSE Monographs on Social Anthropology 67: 29–75.

Hastrup, Kirsten (1990) ‘The Ethnographic Present: A Reinvention’, Cultural Anthropology 5(1): 45–61.

Hays, Terence E. (1986) ‘Sacred Flutes, Fertility and Growth in the Papua New Guinea Highlands’, Anthropos 81: 435–53.

Lévi-Strauss, Claude (1966) The Savage Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lévi-Strauss, Claude (1990) The Naked Man. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Marcus, George (1993) ‘Ethnography in/of the World System: The Emergence of Multi-sited Ethnography’, Annual Review of Anthropology 24: 95–117.

Marcus, George E. and Michael F. Fischer (1986) Anthropology as Cultural Critique: An Experimental Moment in the Human Sciences. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Peirce, Charles Sanders (1958) Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, Volume 8 (ed.

A.W. Burks). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Reed, Adam (2004) Papua New Guinea’s Last Place: Experiences of Constraint in a Postcolonial Prison. Oxford: Berghahn Books.

Riles, Annelise (1998) ‘Infinity within the Brackets’, American Ethnologist 25(3):

378–98.

Scott, Michael (2007) The Severed Snake: Matrilineages, Making Place, and a Melanesian Christianity in Southeast Solomon Islands. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.

Strathern, Marilyn (1987) ‘An Awkward Relationship: The Case of Feminism and Anthropology’, Signs 12(2): 276–92.

Strathern, Marilyn (1988) The Gender of the Gift: Problems with Women and Problems with Society in Melanesia. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Strathern, Marilyn (1992) ‘Parts and Wholes: Refiguring Relationships in a Postplural World’, in A. Kuper (ed.) Conceptualizing Society. London: Routledge.

Strathern, Marilyn (1995) The Relation: Issues in Complexity and Scale (Pamphlet No.

6). Cambridge: Prickly Pear.

Strathern, Marilyn (1999) Property, Substance and Effect: Anthropological Essays on Persons and Things. London: The Athlone Press.

Strathern, Marilyn (2004[1991]) Partial Connections, Updated Edition. Walnut Creek:

Altamira Press.

Strathern, Marilyn (forthcoming) ‘Binary License’, paper presented at the Comparative Relativism Colloquium at Copenhagen’s IT University, September 2009. To appear in a special issue of Common Knowledge, edited by C.B. Jensen, M.A. Pedersen and B.R. Winthereik.

Tyler, Stephen (1986) ‘Post-modern Ethnography: From Document of the Occult to Occult Document’, pp. 122–40 in J. Clifford and G.E. Marcus (eds) Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

393

–  –  –

Tyler, Stephen (1987) The Unspeakable: Discourse, Dialogue and Rhetoric in the Post-modern World. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Viveiros de Castro, Eduardo (2009) ‘Intensive Filiation and Demonic Alliance’, in C.B. Jensen and K. Rodje (eds) Deleuzian Intersections in Science, Technology and Anthropology. Oxford: Berghahn Books.

Wastell, Sari (2001) ‘Presuming Scale, Making Diversity’, Critique of Anthropology 21(2): 185–210.

MARTIN HOLBRAAD works at the Anthropology Department of University College London. He has conducted fieldwork on socialism and Afro-Cuban religion in Havana since 1998. His is co-editor of Thinking through Things: Theorising Artefacts Ethnographically (Routledge, 2007) and Technologies of the Imagination (Special Issue of Ethnos, Spring 2009). His monograph, Ifá Never Lies: Cuban Divination and Anthropological Truth, is in preparation. Address: Department of Anthropology, University College London, 14 Taviton Street, London WC1H 0BW, UK. [email: m.holbraad@ucl.ac.uk] MORTEN AXEL PEDERSEN is Associate Professor at the Department of Anthropology, University of Copenhagen. Based on fieldwork in rural and urban Mongolia, he has published articles on a range of topics, including shamanism, landscape, humour, violence, and hope. He is co-editor of two volumes: a special issue of Ethnos on Technologies of the Imagination and a special issue of Inner Asia on Perspectivism. His monograph, Not Quite Shamans: Spirit Worlds and Political Lives in Northern Mongolia After Socialism, is forthcoming with Cornell University Press. Address: Department of Anthropology, University of Copenhagen, Oster Farigmagsgade 5E, 1353 Copenhagen, Denmark. [email: morten.pedersen@anthro.ku.dk] 394

Downloaded from ant.sagepub.com at UCL Library Services on October 5, 2010

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 4 | 5 ||


Similar works:

«USAID’S LEADERSHIP IN PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FY 2012 Annual Report 30 SEPTEMBER 2012 Contract Number EEM-I-00-07-00005-00, Task Order 11 This report is made possible by the support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents of this report are the sole responsibility of Deloitte Consulting LLP and its implementing partners and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government. This task order...»

«2010-2015 Analysis of Impediments to Fair Housing Choice San Joaquin County and City of Stockton   May 11, 2010 Prepared by:  . Analysis of Impediments to Fair Housing Choice  San Joaquin County and City of Stockton Table of Contents Executive Summary Section 1. Introduction 1.1 Purpose What is an Impediment to Fair Housing Choice? Affordability is Not a Fair Housing Issue 1.2 Regulatory Setting Federal Fair Housing State Fair Housing 1.3 Key Terms 1.4 Methodology Section 2. Existing...»

«Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, Cilt: 1, Özel Sayı (Sf:77-87) Adnan Menderes University, Journal of Institute of Social Sciences, Vol.: 1, Special Issue Malatya Büyükşehir Belediyesi: Arakentten Bütünkente Bir Dönüşüm Hikâyesi Malatya Metropolitan Municipality: Transformation Story From Precity To Entire City Özet Malatya kenti Anadolu’nun kuzeyi ile güneyini, batısı ile doğusunu birleştiren bir kavşak Berkan noktasındadır. Bu nedenle...»

«DevOps 101 with Atlassian CONTENTS What is DevOps? 3 DevOps and Atlassian 6 Building Products, DevOps Style 9 Continuous Delivery for Infrastructure 16 Handling Incidents at Atlassian 24 It’s Time for Your DevOps Story 28 3 What is DevOps? Five years ago, Marc Andreesen proclaimed that software is eating the world. After all, what company isn’t a software company? Case in point: • Modern cars contain hundreds of millions of lines of code—far more than all of Facebook, from...»

«FILED United States Court of Appeals Tenth Circuit September 17, 2013 Elisabeth A. Shumaker PUBLISH Clerk of Court UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS TENTH CIRCUIT WILLIAM S. FLETCHER, individually, and as member of the Osage Development Council, and on behalf of himself and all others similarly situated; CHARLES A. PRATT, individually, and as member of the Osage Development Council, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA; DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR; BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS; No....»

«Distribution Agreement In presenting this thesis or dissertation as a partial fulfillment of the requirements for an advanced degree from Emory University, I hereby grant to Emory University and its agents the non-exclusive license to archive, make accessible, and display my thesis or dissertation in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known, including display on the world wide web. I understand that I may select some access restrictions as part of the online submission of...»

«Congratulations on your recent purchase of a Thor Motor Coach Recreational Vehicle. We sincerely thank you for choosing and putting your faith in Thor Motor Coach, and we would like you to know that your satisfaction is of great importance to us. Our major goal is to provide you with a quality recreational vehicle at a reasonable price. Your unit has been designed to provide you with many years of carefree, comfortable travel and vacationing. We hope that it will bring you that, along with many...»

«TERMINOLOGY Manuel Sevilla Muñoz Unit I Introduction to Terminology Lesson 1: Terminology 1.1. Definition of Terminology 1.2. Subjects related to Terminology Lesson 2: Term and word Lesson 3: Characteristics of terms Unit I: Introduction to Terminology Lesson 1: Terminology 1.1. Definition of Terminology Terminology is a science whose aim is to study terms, which are lexical elements used in specialised fields (subjects or their branches) and generated in such fields or modified from elements...»

«“YOU IDIOTS!” HOUSE, M.D. AND THE CONTINUED VITALITY OF THE BYRONIC HERO by CATHERINE A. RICCIO (Under the Direction of Linda Brooks) ABSTRACT The Byronic Hero did not die out with the appearance of Byron’s Don Juan. On the contrary, through the use of humor in the narrator’s commentary, a new Byronic Hero emerged, one capable of uncovering the uncomfortable truths behind an artificial society. The inclusion of humor strengthened this character type’s resiliency and made him more...»

«ARTICLE IN PRESS Habitat International 30 (2006) 305–326 www.elsevier.com/locate/habitatint Socio-economic differentials and stated housing preferences in Guangzhou, China Donggen Wang, Si-ming Li Department of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, China Abstract Households in Chinese cities today have to increasingly rely on the market to satisfy their housing needs. The growing freedom in choosing one’s own residence implies increased variations in all aspects...»

«Living ambiguity Contextual choice in the outcome of DNA Philip Franses Schumacher College MSc Holistic Science University of Plymouth Dissertation 31-07-2006 1 Living ambiguity. 1 Contextual choice in the outcome of DNA Acknowledgements Chapter 1 Context Introduction The place – Schumacher College The time Holistic viewpoint Participatory healing Chapter 2 The Science of Choice – between Destruction and Creation The Science of choice Advanced and retarded waves The heart of the rational...»

«2 MINUTES A DAY FOR A GREENER PLANET Marjorie Lamb 1817 Harper & Row, Publishers, San Francisco New York, Grand Rapids, Philadelphia, St. Louis London, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo, Toronto TWO MINUTES A DAY FOR A GREENER PLANET Copyright 0 1990 by Marjorie Lamb. Published by arrangement with Harper Collins Publishers, Ltd., Toronto. Printed in the United States of America. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.