«Amended version as approved during the 4th SEANAFE General Meeting 27 October 2007 Imperial Mae Ping Hotel, Chiang Mai, Thailand SEANAFE Charter ...»
Southeast Asian Network for Agroforestry Education
Amended version as approved during the 4th SEANAFE General Meeting
27 October 2007
Imperial Mae Ping Hotel, Chiang Mai, Thailand
SEANAFE Charter (2007 Amended Version) 1
1 Background and Rationale
The rapid change in the mountain landscapes of Southeast Asia, brought about by the
increasing population in the uplands and intensified utilization of natural resources, has
led to the recognition of agroforestry systems as alternative land use. Farmers, especially small-scale farmers, often practice agroforestry to increase their income and reduce risks.
Agroforestry systems contribute to the sustainable management of uplands and lowlands.
They respond to both development and environmental objectives of society. Agroforestry practices are now being promoted by government agencies, non-government organizations and peoples’ organizations.
The educational institutions in Southeast Asia play an important role in building agroforestry capacity. This is done by offering education programmes aimed at providing graduates with the skills and competencies they need for research and development of agroforestry and integrated natural resource management. Educational institutions undertake research and extension in support of their education programmes and in response to farmers’ needs. In addition, universities train other professionals and development workers to make them effective partners in the management of upland and lowland natural resources.
The Roundtable Discussion on Agroforestry Education in Southeast Asia held in 1994 initiated the regional sharing of education-related agroforestry information. This discussion included representatives from Universitas Gadjah Mada, Institut Pertanian Bogor and Universitas Lambung Mangkurat in Indonesia; Kasetsart University and Chiang Mai University in Thailand; and the University of the Philippines Los Baños in the Philippines. The outcome of the Roundtable Discussion was a recommendation to promote the development of agroforestry education through regional networking.
In 1997-98, a status and needs assessment for agroforestry education development was conducted in Indonesia, Lao PDR, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam, coordinated by The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF). The study and subsequent meetings revealed that a number of issues confront the growth and quality of agroforestry education. Among
There are many common areas of needs and experiences among educational institutions in Southeast Asia, but very limited mechanisms for collaboration, nationally as well as regionally.
Agroforestry education is hampered by inadequate or outdated curricula, lack of minimum standards, and obstacles to agroforestry curriculum development.
There is need to harmonize agroforestry education within institution, between institutions and among countries of the network Agroforestry education is hampered by inadequate or outdated curricula, lack of minimum standards, and obstacles to agroforestry curriculum development.
There is need to harmonize agroforestry education within institution, between institutions and among countries of the network SEANAFE Charter (2007 Amended Version) 2 Lecturers require further training for effective teaching, and continuos updating to benefit from recent development in agroforestry research.
There is a general shortage of relevant and high-quality training materials, including textbooks, manuals, and case studies. Existing teaching materials require up-dating and translation.
Universities have inadequate human and material resources to develop research capacity in agroforestry, particularly at graduate level.
There has not been a systematic survey of education and training needs in agroforestry.
Agroforestry is recognized as a field of specialization in many schools, although there are no specific government jobs in agroforestry.
The Southeast Asian Network for Agroforestry Education (SEANAFE) was established in April 1999 to address these issues. SEANAFE aims to strengthen tertiary level agroforestry education in Southeast Asia particularly in the five founding countries, namely: Lao PDR, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. As a regional network, SEANAFE serves as a mechanism to promote sharing of experiences, pooling of resources and development of collaborative activities to meet an increasing demand for well-trained human resources in agroforestry.
SEANAFE is a network of universities and colleges. The member institutions are organized in national networks, which are connected via a regional management mechanism. The vision, mission and objectives of the Network, guidelines for the operations of SEANAFE and the national networks, as well as the procedures for planning and implementing network activities are described in this Charter.
2 Vision, Mission and Development Objectives
2.1 Vision SEANAFE’s vision is to empower individuals and communities in Southeast Asia in managing their natural resources and the environment for a sustainable livelihood.
2.2 Mission SEANAFE’s mission is to develop human resources for agroforestry and integrated natural resource management through collaboration among educational institutions.
2.3 Development objectives
The development objectives of SEANAFE are to:
1. Provide regional and national mechanisms for interdisciplinary collaboration among agroforestry institutions and programmes
2. Build individual and institutional capacity for agroforestry education, research and development SEANAFE Charter (2007 Amended Version) 3
3. Strengthen the quality, availability and accessibility of agroforestry education
4. Facilitate research connectivity and collaboration
5. Link agroforestry education to the extension system and practice in the field
6. Promote and develop skills in communication and information dissemination
7. Assist in mobilizing resources for national and regional collaboration on agroforestry capacity building 3 Operational Principles
SEANAFE applies the following operational principles:
• Participatory decision-making by the members
• Decentralized planning and implementation
• Resource-sharing in activities (financial or in kind)
• Flexible network procedures and operations, recognizing the diversity among institutions and countries
• Partnerships and stakeholder participation
• Integration among disciplines along the continuum of education, research and extension.
4 Key activities SEANAFE shall work for the long-term development of agroforestry education in the Southeast Asian region. It shall continuously develop and implement activities directed at the attainment of its vision, mission and objectives.
SEANAFE places emphasis on the following activities:
Curriculum development and defining minimum standards for agroforestry curricula Teaching materials supply, development and translation Capacity building for agroforestry staff Policy advocacy on agroforestry Facilitate connectivity between education and research systems Sharing of information resources Resource generation and mobilization Support to national network management Information and communication 5 Organization and structure
5.1 Membership Definition SEANAFE membership consists of institutions from its country networks and regional organizations in Southeast Asia that are actively involved in the formal and informal
A member institution must:
Be either a government or private university, college, research center/institute, and extension and development organizations Be interested in sharing resources, experiences and information relevant to agroforestry Have the potential to promote research and extension programmes in support of agroforestry education Process The membership of the national networks is decided by the respective National Agroforestry Education Committees (NAFEC). National networks should consider the resource availability when inviting new members. The following process must be adhered
1. Membership is only by invitation.
2. The country network shall decide the number of institutions to be invited yearly based on the minimum criteria set above.
3. To confirm invitation, institutions must fill up membership form and submit the same to the national network coordinator
4. Invited institutions shall be officially inducted and awarded a certificate of membership during general assembly meeting of the host country network and/or whenever feasible and appropriate.
5. Each member institution shall contribute membership and annual dues to be set by the board of each country network SEANAFE may subsequently open membership of institutions in other countries in the region. The inclusion of additional countries shall be considered by the Board.
5.2 Structure SEANAFE has a decentralized national and a regional organization, each having a democratic leadership. SEANAFE’s structure is illustrated in Annex 1.
5.3 General Meeting Roles and Purposes
The roles and purposes of SEANAFE’s General Meeting are to:
Decide on overall goals, policies and long-term strategies of the network.
Participation in General Meeting
• All member institutions are encouraged to send at least one representative, aside from the Board member, to the General Meeting either at their own expense or under the sponsorship of the country networks or SEANAFE.
The SEANAFE Board, in consultation with the NAFECs will decide on the representation of sponsored institutional representatives to the General Meeting.
Frequency and Venue SEANAFE shall have one general meeting every two years to be held in any of its member country. The SEANAFE Board shall decide on the specific venue of the meeting in concurrence with the concerned country network coordinator as host of the meeting.
General Assembly quorum shall be the Board plus at least 1 representative each from the national networks.
5.4 SEANAFE Board Membership Composition and Election Process
The SEANAFE Board shall be composed of the following:
1. Chairs of the National Agroforestry Education Committees (NAFEC);
2. 2 other members who may either come from learning institutions within or outside the network, government agencies, nongovernment organizations, research/extension institutions or industry/business sector in relation to Section 7 of this Charter.
Nomination and election of Board members coming from outside SEANAFE country
networks require the following qualifications:
Active involvement in agroforestry education, research and/or extension Proven interest, commitment and relevant experience in agroforestry education and training Ability to think and work with the Board beyond disciplinary, institutional and national interests in tackling regional concerns in agroforestry education development.
Willingness to promote SEANAFE’s vision and mission at the national level.
Term of Office Each Board member shall have at least a 2-year term of office. For NAFEC chairs, this term can be renewed depending on his/her appointment at the national network.
The Board chair and vice chair shall be elected by and from among the Board Members.
The Chair and the Vice Chair may be re-elected for a second term, up to a maximum of two successive terms of two years. Interim arrangements may be needed when new SEANAFE Chair is elected, to ensure continuity of the Board’s work, as advised by the General Meeting.
The Vice Chair automatically replaces the Chair if the latter does not complete his/her term. Consequently, the Board shall elect a new Vice Chair among them However, in the event that both the SEANAFE Chair and Vice Chair do not complete their terms within at least 6 months more before the next General Meeting, the Board shall either a) invite the immediate past Chair and Vice Chair to continue their service for a limited period, or b) organize a referendum election via email to fill-in the vacant positions at once.
The SEANAFE Technical Adviser shall serve as ex-officio member and Secretary of the Board.
Quorum in SEANAFE Board Meetings shall be determined by at least 50% of membership.
Roles and Responsibilities of the Board
The SEANAFE Board has the responsibility to:
Formulate policy and strategy guidelines for the development and sustenance of SEANAFE Set up mechanisms to ensure effective and efficient implementation of network activities Monitoring and evaluate network activities Meet twice a year to review progress of program implementation and plan subsequent activities Review and approve SEANAFE’s annual programme of work and budget Review and approve financial and other SEANAFE reports Strengthen SEANAFE’s links with the national networks and with other organizations and institutions, and contribute to resource mobilisation in support of SEANAFE activities
5.5 National Networks Focal Institution National networks may select a focal institution to serve as its secretariat which would play a leading role in agroforestry education and development activities in the country, including hosting training courses, etc.
Responsibilities of Member Institutions Member institutions in the national networks contribute to and participate in appropriate network activities in their respective countries and elsewhere in the region. Specifically,
members of SEANAFE are expected to: