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Every school wants the best for its students. In Hawaii, the Department of Education (DOE) is doing this by implementing the comprehensive student support system (CSSS). This system ensures each student receives all the support they need based on 3 values: high-quality instructional leadership; comprehensive student support; and curriculum, instruction, and assessment. From these values, the DOE created an innovation configuration map (IC), which helps to evaluate each school’s progress in implementing the CSSS. The IC map is composed of 5 different components: school climate and culture, continuum of proactive supports for early intervention and prevention, CSSS critical learning supports, response intervention, and school-wide positive behavioral interventions and support.
Each component can be evaluated at 4 different status levels: establishing, applying, integrating, and systematizing, with the systematizing level being the highest, most desirable level. For this study, each public school in the state of Hawaii has been analyzed and compared to one another regarding their implementation status. The results show that schools across the state of Hawaii and within the different school complexes are at different levels in their progress towards fully implementing the CSSS. The results of this study will be useful for the Hawaii DOE in allocating their resources for future training and support.
Behavioral Social &
DATING VIOLENCE, SUICIDAILITY, AND DEPRESSION: RESULTS FROM A NATIONALLY REPRESENTATIVEDATA SET Lidia Monjaras, Marissa Salazar, Emilio Ulloa.
San Diego State University, San Diego, CA.
Dating violence, commonly known as physical, sexual, or psychological abuse in a dating relationship, has been associated with negative physical and psychological outcomes. Perhaps one of the most detrimental effects of being in a violent dating relationship is suicidality. Adolescents in a violent dating relationship tend to think more about suicide compared to adolescents who have not been victims of dating violence. The current study explores the mediating role of depression in the relationship between dating violence and suicide. Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (ADD Health) was used to determine if depression increases the likelihood of suicidal ideation among participants who have been victims of dating violence. Adolescent study participants (n =
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7,470) completed self-reported measures of dating violence, depression, and suicidality (suicidal ideation/attempt).
Mediation analyses revealed a significant relationship between dating violence and suicidality (β =.12, p.001), as well as a significant relationship between dating violence and depression (β =.20, p.001). The third regression testing the path between depression and suicidality, controlling for dating violence, was also significant (β =.31, p.001), as was the fourth regression testing dating violence and suicidality, controlling for depression, (β =.06, p.001). The findings indicate that depressed, victimized adolescents are at higher risk for planning and attempting suicide compared to nonvictimized adolescents using a nationally representative data set.
IMPACT OF NEIGHBORHOOD EFFECTS ON YOUTH ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AND BEHAVIORCintia Hinojosa, Daniel Briley, Robert Crosnoe.
Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX.
Previous studies have investigated the link between neighborhood socioeconomic status and academic achievement and found that students have less academic progress when growing up in disadvantaged neighborhoods. In order to further understand the association between individual and contextual characteristics and their role in children’s achievement, this study examined how educational outcomes vary according to neighborhood characteristics. Using multistate data from the NICHD (Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development and the Uniform Crime Report, children’s performance on cognitive and achievement tests in fifth grade were regressed based on their individual characteristics (e.g., attitudes toward school and relationships with parents) and neighborhood characteristics (e.g., crime and safety ratings). Additionally, we tested whether the influence of child characteristics on cognitive development depended on environmental context using moderation models. These analyses were replicated in a younger sample (Early Childhood Longitudinal Study– Birth Cohort).
DIGIT RATIOS AND VISUAL PREFERENCES FOR GENDER-LINKED STIMULI IN MEN AND WOMENMatthew Dean Sanchez, Gerianne M. Alexander.
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.
Sex differences in preferences for social stimuli are well-established. In childhood, boys and girls prefer different toys (e.g., dolls vs. vehicles), play-styles (e.g., rough/active vs. calm play), and prefer playmates of the same sex. In adulthood, sex differences exist in preferences for opposite sex faces and characteristics associated with reproductive success (e.g., waist-to-hip ratio, status). Converging evidence from studies of typical development and studies of individuals with endocrine disorders has suggested that stronger male-typical preferences are influenced by higher levels of androgens during prenatal life. However, previous research based on self-reports of gender-linked behavior has not established whether strong preferences for childhood, gender-linked stimuli (e.g., toys, play styles) are associated with strong preferences for adult, gender-linked stimuli (e.g., attractive opposite sex faces). The goal of the present study is to examine the within-subject stability of gender-linked preferences across multiple domains using eye-tracking technology. Visual interest in gender-linked stimuli will be measured in 180 undergraduate students (90 males) using a remote eye-tracker (ASL). In addition, participants will complete self-report measures of gender-linked personality traits and childhood gender dysphoria. The lengths of the index and ring fingers (2D:4D ratio), a proxy measure of prenatal androgens, will also be measured. We hypothesize significant associations among domains of gender-linked visual preferences in males, but not in females and that more male-typical digit ratios will be associated with stronger male-typical visual preferences in both men and women. The findings from this research will have implications for theories of gender development and sexual orientation.
PREVALENCE OF DATING VIOLENCE AMONG YOUTHS, WITH AND WITHOUT DISABILITY, IN PUERTORICO’S PUBLIC SCHOOLS Celizbets Colón-Ortiz, Vázquez Rivera.
Institute of Interdisciplinary Research, University of Puerto Rico at Cayey, Cayey, PR.
Violence in Puerto Rico has become a problem of epidemic proportions. Our responsibility is to build alternatives that promote nonviolent relationships among people, specifically among youth. The FILIUS Institute and the Institute of Interdisciplinary Research have combined efforts to develop this study. Although there is scarce research in Puerto Rico regarding the topic, the research that does exist has shown the pertinence of studying dating violence (DV)
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among youth as a way to comprehend the intensification and continuity of these incidents during youth and adulthood.
Therefore, the main goal of this research is to understand the prevalence of DV among youths, with and without disability, in Puerto Rico’s public schools. Specific objectives are to establish the prevalence of DV among youths, with and without disability, and determine the risk and protective factors associated with DV. Because of the stigma attached to disabilities and because of the social marginalization that this population faces, we hypothesized that the prevalence of DV will be higher in relationships where one of the members has a disability. In coordination with school administration, participants were informed and submitted consent and assent forms. A total of 100 students of both sexes from a Cayey public high school participated in self-administered questionnaires. Some of the most relevant results are: a higher tendency toward DV in relationships where one of the members has a disability, but more intense incidents in relationships where one of the members does not have a disability. Most of the participants reported having friends engaged in high risk behavior.
EXPLORING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AUTONOMY AND DEPRESSION AMONG US-BORN AND NONUS-BORN LATINA ADOLESCENTSMaria Renteria, M. Teresa Granillo.
School of Social Work, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX.
Latina adolescents report higher levels of depression when compared to their non-Latina White and Latino counterparts. Researchers have examined the relationships of familism, parent-adolescent conflict, and the degree of acculturation among Latina adolescents. While the role of autonomy has been considered as an important factor related to depression among Latina adolescents, it has only been discussed theoretically. There is a lack of empirical research connecting autonomy and depression specifically among Latina adolescents. The purpose of the current study is to fill this gap in the literature and conduct the first empirical study examining the relationships between autonomy and depression among Latina adolescents, and to look at the differential relationships between these factors among US-born and foreign-born Latina adolescents. It is expected that US born Latinas will have higher levels of depression than non-US-born Latinas, but that limited or constraint autonomy will be associated with depression among both groups of adolescent Latinas. Data from this study will come from the Add Health dataset, the largest and most comprehensive longitudinal survey of adolescents. Add Health employs in-school questionnaires administered to 2,126 adolescents in grades 7 to 12, 279 of which were administered to Latina adolescents. The goal of the current study is to allow clinical practioners to enhance individual and family psychotherapeutic depression intervention programs that target reducing conflict in the parent-adolescent dyad.
OSTRACISM AND INTEREST IN GANG MEMBERSHIPJocelyn Santiago1, Kipling Willliams2, Andrew Hales2.
Chaminade University of Honolulu, Honolulu, HI, 2Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.
1 Ostracism, being ignored and excluded, threatens 4 basic human needs: belonging, self-esteem, control, and meaningful existence. In this study, attitudes toward joining extreme groups such as gangs will be evaluated after
IT’S THE LITTLE THINGS THAT SHAPE OUR EDUCATION: RACIAL MICROAGGRESSIONS IN THE
CLASSROOMS OF A PREDOMINANTLY WHITE UNIVERSITYAshley Ojiemwen, Ruby Mendenhall.
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL.
The racial climate of universities and students’ experiences with racial microaggressions influence their decisions to populate or avoid certain campus areas. This study will use qualitative and quantitative methods to analyze experiences with racial microaggressions in classrooms among students of color at a predominantly White university.
Analyzing locations of a campus community allows the students, faculty, and staff to have a better understanding of campus climate and how to create initiatives to combat the decreased sense of belonging that is often experienced by students of color. Some subsidiary concepts that will guide our research include how color-blind ideology affects racial groups on the campus, the history of spatial terrains of racial microaggressions, and the analysis of students’ narratives and their lived experiences. This research contributes to the research in the field of racial microaggression by examining how identity within racial groups interacts with sense of belonging in various spatial locations on campus. This mixed-methods investigation will provide better understanding of the racial climate at predominantly White institutions.
MOBILIZING AROUND NANOTECHNOLGY: THE ROLE OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONSKelli Pribble, Cassandra Engeman.
Center for Nanotechnology in Society, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA.
Nanotechnology has emerged as an issue of concern for organized public interest groups or nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). NGOs are uniquely positioned to dedicate time and resources to nanotechnology-related issues and, therefore, can directly affect public perceptions by conveying their understanding of nanotechnology and its potential implications for society and the environment. What are the main nanotechnology-related issues for NGOs and to what audience do NGOs appeal for action? In order to observe how NGOs mobilize around nanotechnology-related issues, a database was compiled consisting of 173 organizations that articulated interest in nanotechnology. These groups were then divided into nanoengaged and allies according to the level of involvement portrayed by each NGO. Focusing on the 85 identified nanoengaged organizations, this research compiles the written statements, publications, and press releases for each organization. These documents are being coded for issue domain such as potential environmental risks of nanotechnology, consumer and worker safety, or potential promises of nanotechnology for innovation; and audience, for example, government agencies, policymakers, scientists, companies, or publics. Preliminary research suggests that most NGOS are concerned with the potential risks of nanotechnology use and application for consumers and environmental safety, and call for regulation and increased investment in nanotechnology environmental health and safety research. Rather than rallying the public to achieve these aims, a majority of NGOs appeal directly to governments in order to effect change. Future research will encompass a more systematic assessment of how nongovernmental organizations understand and communicate nanotechnology-related issues.