WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 40 | 41 ||

«INDIVIDUALIZING ELEMENTARY GENERAL MUSIC INSTRUCTION: CASE STUDIES OF ASSESSMENT AND DIFFERENTIATION By Karen Salvador A DISSERTATION Submitted to ...»

-- [ Page 42 ] --

Chen, C-D. (2000). Constructivism in general music education: A music teacher’s lived experience. Unpublished doctoral dissertation: University of Illinois, Urbana.

Christensen, C. B. (1992). Music composition, invented notation, and reflection: Tools for music learning and assessment. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Rutgers: The State University of New Jersey. AAT 9231370.

Colwell, R. (2010). Many voices, one goal: Practices of large-scale music assessment. In Brophy, T. S. (Ed). The practice of assessment in music education: Frameworks, models and designs. Chicago: GIA Publications. pp. 3-22.

Colwell, R. (2008). Music assessment in an increasingly politicized, accountabilitydriven educational environment. In Brophy, T., Ed. (2008). Assessment in music education: Integrating curriculum, theory, and practice. Proceedings of the 2007 Florida Symposium on Assessment in Music Education, University of Florida. Chicago: GIA Publications.

Colwell, R. (2002). Assessment’s potential in music education. In Colwell, R., & Richardson, C. Eds. (2002). New handbook of research on music teaching and learning.

New York: Schirmer Books.

Colwell, R. (1996). Why we shouldn’t change the standards. In: Aiming for excellence:

The impact of the standards movement on music education. (pp. 117-124.) Reston, VA:

Music Educators National Conference.

Colwell, R., Ed. (1992). Handbook of research on music teaching and learning: A project of the Music Educators National Conference. New York: Schirmer Books.

Colwell, R., & Richardson, C. Eds. (2002). New handbook of research on music teaching and learning. New York: Schirmer Books.

Colwell, R. & Barlow, G., Eds. (1986). 1986-Tests in Print. Tests and Measurements Newsletter-MENC, 1(1). Downloaded from http://assessment.webhop.org/ on November 12, 2009.

Cornacchio, R. A. (2008). Effect of cooperative learning on music composition, interactions, and acceptance in elementary school music classrooms. Unpublished dissertation, University of Oregon.

Creswell, J. W. (1998). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage publications.

Cox, S. G. (2008). Differentiated instruction in the elementary classroom. The Education Digest, 73(9), 52-54.

DeNardo, G. (2001). An assessment of student learning in the Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra’s ACE partnership: 1991-2000. Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education, 148, 37-47.

Duling, E., & Cadegan, J. B. (2001). A critical evaluation of “Arts for Understanding,” and integrated music and arts project in a chartered nonpublic school. Contributions to Music Education, 28(1), 81-102.

Edmund, D. C., Burcham, R., Birkner, M., & Heffner, C. (2008). Identifying key issues for assessment in music education. In Brophy, T., Ed. (2008). Assessment in music education: Integrating curriculum, theory, and practice. Proceedings of the 2007 Florida Symposium on Assessment in Music Education, University of Florida. Chicago: GIA Publications.

Eisner, E. W. (2005). Reimagining schools: The selected works of Elliot W. Eisner.

New York: Routledge.

Elementary and Secondary Education Act, (2002). Downloaded from http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/leg/esea02/index.html March 1, 2010.

Elliot, D. J. (1995). Music matters: A new philosophy of music education. New York: Oxford University Press.

Flinders, D. J. & Richardson, C. P. (2002). Contemporary issues in qualitative research and music education. In Colwell, R., & Richardson, C. Eds. New handbook of research on music teaching and learning. New York: Schirmer Books.

Freed-Garrod, J. (1999). Assessment in the Arts: Elementary-aged students as qualitative assessors of their own and peers’ musical compositions. Bulletin of the Council of Research on Music Education, 139, 50-63.

Froseth, J. O. (1971). Using MAP scores in the instruction of beginning students in instrumental music. Journal of Research in Music Education, 19(1), 98-105.

Gardner, H. (1993). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic Books.

Gfeller, K. E. (1992). Research regarding students with disabilities. In Colwell, R., Ed.

Handbook of research on music teaching and learning: A project of the Music Educators National Conference. New York: Schirmer Books.

Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company.

Gordon, E. E. (1986). Primary measures of music audiation and the intermediate measures of music audiation. Chicago: GIA Publications.

Gordon, E. E. (1990). Jump right in: Rhythm register book 1. Chicago: GIA Publications.

Gordon, E. E. (2003). A music learning theory for newborn and young children. Chicago: GIA Publications.

Gordon, E. E. (2007). Learning sequences in music: A contemporary music learning theory.

Chicago: GIA Publications.

Grodon, E. E. (2010). The crucial role of music aptitudes in music instruction: Keynote address.

In Brophy, T. S. (Ed). The practice of assessment in music education: Frameworks, models and designs. Chicago: GIA Publications. pp 211-215.

Greene, L. (2008). Music, informal learning and the school: A new classroom pedagogy.





Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing.

Griffith, C. E. (2008). Examining experiences of teaching music to a child with autism while using a music learning-theory-based intervention during informal music sessions infused with DIR/floortime strategies. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, University of South Carolina.

Gromko, J. E., & Walters, K. (1998). The development of musical pattern perception in school-aged children. Research Studies in Music Education, 12, 24-29.

Groth-Marnat, G. (2009). The handbook of psychological assessment, 5th edition. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley.

Gruber, H. (2007). Musical responses and collateral benefits of a music-learning-theory based intervention for children with autism. Unpublished master's thesis, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.

Guerrini, S. C. (2006). The developing singer: Comparing the singing accuracy of elementary students on three selected vocal tasks. Bulletin of the Council of Research on Music Education, 167, 21-31.

Hallan, S., Ireson, J., & Lister, V. (2003). Ability grouping practices in the primary school: A survey. Educational Studies, 29(1), 69-83.

Hamann, K. L. (2001). Assessment tools for the music classroom. In Spotlight on assessment in music education. (pp. 23-25). Reston, VA: MENC: The National Association for Music Education.

Hammel, A. M. (2004). Inclusion strategies that work. Music Educator’s Journal, 90(5), 33-37.

Hammel, A. M. (2001). Special learners in elementary music classrooms: A study of essential teacher competencies. UPDATE:Applications of Research in Music Education, 20 (1), 9-14.

Haywood, J. S. (2005). Including Individuals with Special Needs in Choirs:

Implications for Creating Inclusive Environments. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, University of Toronto. Downloaded from ProQuest (UMI) 6/6/2009.

Heddon, D. G. & Johnson, C. (2008). The effect of teaching experience on time and accuracy of assessing young singers’ pitch accuracy. Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education, 178, 63-72.

Henry, W. (2002). The effects of pattern instruction, repeated composing opportunities, and musical aptitude on the compositional process and product of fourthgrade students. Contributions to Music Education, 29(1), 9-28.

Hepworth-Osiowy, K. (2004). Assessment in elementary music education:

Perspectives and practices of teachers in Winnipeg public schools. Unpublished masters thesis, University of Manitoba, Canada.

Holster, K. (2005). Why assess music? In: Spotlight on General Music Reston, VA: MENC. pp.

120-122 Hooper, J., Wigram, T., Carson, D., & Lindsay, B. (2008). A review of the music and intellectual disability literature (1943-2006): Part two-Experimental writing.

Music Therapy Perspectives. 26(2), 80-97.

Hornbach, C. & Taggart, C. (2005). The relationship of developmental tonal aptitude and singing achievement among kindergarten, first-, second-, and third-grade students.

Journal of Research in Music Education 53(4), 322-331.

Hourigan, R. M. (2007). Teaching music to students with special needs: A phenomenological examination of participants in a fieldwork experience Howard, L. Y. (2007). How exemplary teachers educate children of poverty, having low school readiness skills, without referrals to special education. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, George Mason University.

Ilari, B. (2002). Invented representations of a song as measures of music cognition.

Update: Applications of Research in Music Education. Spring/Summer, 12-15.

Janesick, V. J. (2000). The choreography of qualitative research design: Minuets, improvisations and crystallization. In Denzin, N. K. & Lincoln, Y. S., Eds Handbook of Qualitative Research, Second Edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Jang, H., Reeve, J., & Deci, E. L. (2010). Engaging students in learning activities: It is not autonomy support or structure but autonomy support and structure. Journal of Educational Psychology, 102(3), 588-600.

Jordan, J. M. (1989). Music learning theory applied to choral music performing groups.

In Walters, D. L., & Taggart, C. C., Eds. Readings in music learning theory. Chicago:

GIA Publications.

Kelly, S. N. (2001). Using portfolios for performing ensemble. In: Spotlight on assessment in music education. (pp. 26-28). Reston, VA: MENC: The National Association for Music Education.

Larson, D. D. (2010). The effects of chamber music experience on music performance achievement, motivation, and attitudes among high school band students. Unpublished D.M.A. document, Arizona State University; AAT 3410633.

Lehman, P. R. (2008). Getting down to basics. In Brophy, T., Ed. (2008). Assessment in music education: Integrating curriculum, theory, and practice. Proceedings of the 2007

Florida Symposium on Assessment in Music Education, University of Florida. Chicago:

GIA Publications.

Levinowitz, L. M. & Scheetz, J. (1998). The effects of group and individual echoing of rhythm patterns on third-grade students’ rhythmic skills. Update: Applications of Research in Music Education, 16(2), 8-11.

Lind, V. (2001). Adapting choral rehearsals for students with learning disabilities. Choral Journal, 41(7), 27-30.

Linn-Cohen, R. B., & Hertzog, N. B. (2007). Unlocking the GATE to differentiation: A qualitative study of two self-contained gifted classes. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 31(2), 227-259.

Livingston, J. J. (2000). Assessment practices used in Kodaly-based elementary music classrooms. Unpublished master’s thesis, Silver Lake College, Manitowoc, WI.

Linsenmeier, C. V. (2004). The impact of music teacher training on the rate and level of involvement of special education students in high school band and choir. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation: Kent State University. AAT 3159804.

Lopez, C. (2001). Assessing elementary improvisation. In: Spotlight on assessment in music education. (pp. 32-34). Reston, VA: MENC: The National Association for Music Education.

Lou, Y., Abrami, P. C., Spence, J. C., Poulsen, C. Chambers, B, & d’Apollonie, S.

(1996). Within-class grouping: A meta-analysis. Review of Educational Research, 66(1), 423-458.

Masear, C. (1999). The development and field test of a model for evaluating elementary string programs. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York City.

McCord, K. & Watts, E. H. (2006). Collaboration and access for our children: Music educators and special educators together. Music Educators Journal, 92(4), 26-33.

MENC: The National Association for Music Education. (2001). Spotlight on assessment in music education. Reston, VA: MENC: The National Association for Music Education.

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1984). Qualitative data analysis. Beverly Hills, CA:

Sage.

Miller, B. A. (2004). Designing compositional tasks for elementary music classrooms.

Research Studies in Music Education, 22, (59-71).

Miller, M. D., Linn, R. L., & Gronlund, N. E. (2009). Measurement and assessment in teaching. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson.

Monzingo, J. M. (1997). The relationship between vocal pitch-matching and learning disabilities. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Florida Atlantic University. AAT 1387326 Abstract on Proquest.

Music Educators National Conference. (1996a). Aiming for excellence: the impact of the standards movement on music education. Reston, VA: Music Educators National Conference.

Music Educators National Conference. (1996b). Performance standards for music:

Strategies and benchmarks for assessing progress toward the National Standards, grades pre-K-12. Reston, VA: Music Educators National Conference.

National Standards for Arts Education. (1994). Reston, VA: MENC.

Nelson, S. L. (2007). The complex interplay of composing, developing musicianship and technology: A multiple case study. Unpublished PhD dissertation: University of Colorado at Boulder; AAT 3256395 Niebur, L. (2001). Incorporating assessment and the National Standards for Music Education into everyday teaching. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellin Press.

Nierman, G. E. (2001). Criteria for evaluating performance assessment. In Spotlight on assessment in music education. (pp. 52-53).Reston, VA: MENC: The National Association for Music Education.

Paquette, K. R., & Rieg, S. A. (2008). Using music to support the literacy development of young English language learners. Early Childhood Education Journal. 36(3), 227Peppers, M. R. (2010). An examination of teachers’ attitudes toward assessment and their relationship to demographic factors in Michigan Elementary general music classrooms.

Unpublished Master’s Thesis. Michigan State University.

Pfordresher, P. Q., & Brown, S. (2007). Poor-pitch singing in the absence of “Tone Deafness.” Music Perception, 25, 95-115.

Phelps, K. B. (2008). The status of instruction in composition in elementary general music classrooms of MENC members in the state of Maryland. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.

Philipak, B. (1997). Recorder karate: A highly motivational method for young players.

Brookfield, WI: Plank Road Publishing.

Phillip, F. (2001). Arts education assessment: The journey and the destination. In Spotlight on assessment in music education. (pp. 54-59).Reston, VA: MENC: The National Association for Music Education.

Phillips, K. H., & Aitchison, R. E. (1997a). Effects of psychomotor instruction on elementary general music students’ singing performance. Journal of Research in Music Education, 45(2), 185-196.

Phillips, K. H., & Aitchison, R. E. (1997b). The relationship of singing accuracy to pitch discrimination and tonal aptitude among third-grade students. Contributions to Music Education, 24(1), 7-22.

Pontiff, E. (2004). Teaching special learners: Ideas from veteran teachers in the music classroom. Teaching Music 12(3), 52-56.

Ravitch, D. (2010). The Death and Life of the Great American School System: How Testing and Choice Are Undermining Education. New York: Basic Books.

Roberts, J. L., & Inman, T. F. (2007). Strategies for differentiating instruction: Best practices for the classroom. Waco, TX: Prufrock Press.

Robinson, M. (2005). The theory of tensegrity and school/college collaboration in music education. Arts Education Policy Review, 106(3), 9-20.

Robinson, P. (2002). Educating by numbers: Standards, testing, and accountability in education. Uncommon knowledge with Peter Robinson (Transcript). Recorded Jan. 9,

2002. Downloaded from: http://www.hoover.org/multimedia/uk/3004411.html Rutkowski, J. & Snell Miller, M. (2003). The effectiveness of frequency of instruction and individual/small group singing activities on first graders’ use of singing voice and developmental music aptitude. Bulletin of the Council of Research on Music Education, 30(1), 23-38.

Rutkowski, J. (1996). The effectiveness of individual/small group singing activities on kindergartener’s use of singing voice and developmental music aptitude. Journal of Research in Music Education, 44(4), 353-368.

Rutkowski, J. (1994). The longitudinal effectiveness of individual/small group singing activities on children’s use of singing voice and developmental music aptitude.

Journal of Research in Music Education, 20(1), 31-43.

Rutkowski, J. (1990). The measurement and evaluation of children’s singing voice development. The Quarterly: Center for Research in Music Learning and Teaching, 1(1-2), 81-95.

Salvador, K. K. (2010). Who isn’t a special learner? A survey of how music teacher education programs prepare future educators to work with exceptional populations. Journal of Music Teacher Education 20(1), 27-38.

Schoepp, K. (2001). Reasons for using songs in the ESL/EFLclassroom. The Internet TESOL Journal 7(2).

Shih, T. –T. (1997). Curriculum alignment of general music in central Texas: An investigation of the relationship between the essential elements, classroom instruction, and student assessment. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin.

Shuler, S. C. (1996). The effects of the National Standards on assessment (and vice versa). In Aiming for excellence. (pp. 81-108). Reston, VA: MENC.

Snell Miller, M. (2001). Assessment tools for kindergarten and first-grade general music

students. In: Spotlight on assessment in music education. (pp. 37-39). Reston, VA:

MENC: The National Association for Music Education.

Stake, R. E. (2000). Case studies. In Denzin, N. K. & Lincoln, Y. S., Eds Handbook of qualitative research, second edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Strand, K. (2006). Survey of Indiana music teachers on using composition in the classroom.

Journal of Research in Music Education. 54(2), 154-168.

Strand, K. (2005). Nurturing young composers: Exploring the relationship between instruction and transfer in 9-12 year-old students. Bulletin of the Council of Research on Music Education, 165, 17-36.

Stringer, L. S. (2004). The effects of Music Play instruction on language behaviors of children with developmental disabilties, ages three to six. (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Southern Mississippi, 2005). Dissertation Abstracts International, 6510A, 3622.

Swanwick, K. (1998). The perils and possibilities of assessment. Research Studies in Music Education, 10 1-11.

Talley, K. E. (2005). An investigation of the frequency, methods, objectives, and applications of assessment in Michigan elementary general music classrooms.

Unpublished master’s thesis: Michigan State University.

Taggart, C. C. (2005). Meeting the musical needs of all students in elementary general music. In The development and practical application of music learning theory. Chicago: GIA Publications.

Tiseo, C. (2005). The effects of grouping practices and curricular adjustments on achievement. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 29(1), 60-89.

Tomlinson, C. A. (2000). Differentiation of instruction in the elementary grades. ERIC Digest. Downloaded February 18, 2010 from http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&q=eric+digest+tomlinson&btnG=Search&as_sdt=8000 0000&as_ylo=&as_vis=0 Tomlinson, C. A. (1999). The differentiated classroom: Responding to the needs of all learners. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Upitis, R. B. (1990). This, too, is music. Portsmouth, New Hampshire: Heinemann.

Walsh, B. C. (1995). The effects of an alternative instrumental music program on elementary school children. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, McGill University. AAT

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 40 | 41 ||


Similar works:

«EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT, TEACHER/STUDENT RATIOS AND ADULT INCARCERATION RISK AMONG U.S. BIRTH COHORTS SINCE 1910* Richard Arum New York University Gary LaFree University of Maryland June 2008 * Address correspondence to Richard Arum, Department of Sociology, New York University, 295 Lafayette – 4th Floor, New York, NY 10012 (richard.arum@nyu.edu) and Gary LaFree, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Maryland, 2149 LeFrak Hall, College Park, MD 2074...»

«The work of James Tenney (b. 1934) as a composer, theorist, performer, and teacher, is of singular importance in American music of the past four decades. He is by nature a quiet, almost publicity-shy musician, but his musical and theoretical works are steadily becoming widely known, despite the fact that few have been published and only a relatively small number, to this date, are readily available on recordings. Meta + Hodos once had the widest “underground” readership of any treatise of...»

«Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching Department of English Studies, Faculty of Pedagogy and Fine Arts, Adam Mickiewicz University, Kalisz SSLLT 3 (4). 2013. 551-580 http://www.ssllt.amu.edu.pl Acquisition of German pluralization rules in monolingual and multilingual children Eugen Zaretsky Goethe University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany yevgen.zaretsky@kgu.de Benjamin P. Lange University of Göttingen, Germany kontakt@benjaminplange.de Harald A. Euler Ruhr University, Bochum, Germany...»

«BOOK PUBLISHERS Teachers Notes (Secondary) by Michelle Prawer My Big Birkett Lisa Shanahan ISBN 9871741145878 Recommended for ages 11-15 These notes may be reproduced free of charge for use and study within schools but they may not be reproduced (either in whole or in part) and offered for commercial sale. Introduction Connections with Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' Themes Superficiality and the judgement of others Love Humour Tragedy Activities Buranderry Newspaper Activity What's a Birkett?...»

«Learning English as a second language in South Korea: Perceptions of 2nd year college and university students and their English speaking instructors. Presented in Partial fulfillment of the Requirements for The Master Degree of Education of Second Language Learning at the Graduate School of The University of Southern Queensland By John G. Thornton ***** The University of Southern Queensland October 30th, 2009 Dr. Anne Dashwood, Adviser ABSTRACT This study aims to canvass views about foreign...»

«MINUTES OF THE CITY OF LAS VEGAS REGULAR CITY COUNCIL MEETING HELD ON WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 2014 AT 6: 00 P. M. IN THE CITY COUNCIL CHAMBERS MAYOR: Alfonso E. Ortiz, Jr. COUNCILORS: David L. Romero Vincent Howell Joey Herrera Tonita GuruleGiros ALSO PRESENT: Elmer MartinezActing City Manager Casandra FresquezCity Clerk Dave RomeroCity Attorney Eugene GarciaSergeant at Arms CALL TO ORDER Mayor Alfonso E. Ortiz, Jr. called the meeting to order at 6: 00 p. m. ROLL CALL PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE...»

«“We All Aspired to be Woodsy”: Tracing Environmental Awareness at a Boys’ Camp Claire Elizabeth Campbell, Dalhousie University In 1945, my grandmother went to work as a secretary at Trinity College School (TCS), a private boarding school for boys in the small town of Port Hope, Ontario. She was an experienced secretary, and she needed the job: she had been widowed only a few months before, with my father barely a toddler, and they had moved back in with her parents, in a tiny house on the...»

«Ekoankar Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji Sahay Brief Satguru-history In the different periods of time the Lord Creator assuming different forms, the Satguru form, have been manifesting in the human form on this earth, for human welfare, relieving the poor and grief-stricken from their miseries and to guide the living beings for their unification with the Supreme Being. In sequence of the time periods the description of the prophets is given in the Sri Adi Granth Sahib like this: Satjug tai manio...»

«CHEM 801.6 (2008) Module 3: Experimental Techniques in Synthetic Chemistry I Course Instructor: D.E. Ward Laboratory Teaching Assistant: Ms. Fabiola Becerril-Jimenez (S 226) Web site: PAWS Summary: This module introduces the student to modern techniques in synthetic chemistry. Emphasis is placed on mastering the theory and practice of basic techniques for safe and accurate manipulation of chemical substances necessary to allow the student to become an effective researcher. The module will...»

«Decoding Young Children’s Behaviour and Drawings after Sexual Abuse Elspeth McInnes Abstract: There are many barriers to young children disclosing sexual abuse, including fear of threats and punishment by the perpetrator, lack of language or understanding to identify what has happened to them and the reactions of others, such as non-offending parents, police, child protection workers and educators. Despite these barriers young children who are experiencing abuse can indirectly disclose what...»

«JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE EDUCATION•Volume 1•Number 2 •Winter 2002 A Two-Dimensional Dual Presentation of Bond Market: A Geometric Analysis * Bill Z. Yang Abstract This paper is developed for pedagogical purposes. It combines the representative-consumer approach and the dual-market framework to develop a two-dimensional dual presentation that links bond market and loanable funds market in price as well as in quantity. It holds that it is incorrect to use the representative-consumer...»

«Department of Geography and Planning University of Toronto GGR457 The Post-War Suburbs Fall 2016 Course Instructor: Tamir Arviv Office: Sidney Smith Hall, fifth floor, 5061 Office Hours: Tuesdays, 4:00p.m.-5:00pm; or by appointment Email: tamir.arviv@mail.utoronto.ca Course Time and Location: Tuesday, 5:00p.m.-7:00p.m., SSH 2111 Course Description: ‘The suburbs’ is one of the most culturally loaded spatial concepts in circulation today. Depending on who uses the term and where they are...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.