WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 6 |

«THE NEUMEISTER COLLECTION OF CHORALE PRELUDES OF THE BACH CIRCLE: AN EXAMINATION OF THE CHORALE PRELUDES OF J. S. BACH AND THEIR USAGE AS SERVICE ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

THE NEUMEISTER COLLECTION OF

CHORALE PRELUDES OF THE BACH CIRCLE:

AN EXAMINATION OF THE CHORALE PRELUDES OF J. S. BACH

AND THEIR USAGE AS SERVICE MUSIC AND PEDAGOGICAL WORKS

A Monograph

Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of the

Louisiana State University and

Agricultural and Mechanical College

in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Musical Arts in The School of Music and Dramatic Arts Sara Ann Jones B. A., McNeese State University M. M., Northwestern State University January 23, 2002 Table of Contents LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF MUSICAL EXAMPLES

LIST OF SCORES

ABSTRACT

CHAPTER:

1. BACKGROUND INFORMATION

History of The Neumeister Collection, 1 Content & Importance, 2 Purpose of Writing, 7

2. THE NEUMEISTER COLLECTION

Description, 9 Dating & Authentication, 10 The Neumeister Collection as Prototype, 14

3. THE NEUMEISTER COLLECTION AS LITURGICAL MUSIC...............15 Lutheran Church Services, 15 The Organ in the Liturgy, 16 Chorales Shared with Orgelbüchlein, 19 Liturgical Classifications, 22 Other Collections, 27

4. PEDAGOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE J. S. BACH CHORALE

PRELUDES IN THE NEUMEISTER COLLECTION

Chorale Forms, 32 Structural Elements, 40 ii Contrapuntal Techniques, 44 Rules of Performing Polyphonic Music, 45 Pedagogical Presentations

BWV 957: Machs mit mir, Gott, nach deiner Güt

BWV 1093: Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen...........64 Conclusion

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDICES:

APPENDIX A: Alphabetical Index to The Neumeister Collection.................77 APPENDIX B: Autograph Index to The Neumeister Collection

–  –  –

ABSTRACT

VITA

–  –  –

Anh.: Anhang (“appendix”) Attr.: Attributed to BWV: Bach Werke-Verzeichnis Cadences: Cad.

HC: Half Cadence IAC: Imperfect Authentic Cadence PAC: Perfect Authentic Cadence PC: Plagal Cadence DC: Deceptive Cadence CF: Cantus Firmus CP: Cantus Planus Chor.: Chorale Coll.: Collection CU: Clavierübung, III

Forms:

Mel. Chor.: Melody Chorale Orn. Mel. Chor.: Ornamented Melody Chorale Chor. Can.: Chorale Canon Chor. Mot.: Chorale Motet Chor. Part.: Chorale Partita Comp. Fm.: Composite Form Inter.: Interlude Intro.: Introduction LM4708 (Yale Manuscript): Neumeister Collection of Chorale Preludes LP (or 18): Eighteen Great Chorale Preludes Misc.: Miscellaneous Mms (or Mus. Ms.).: Music Manuscript Ms.: Manuscript NC: The Neumeister Collection

–  –  –

Table 1. Corrections in Authorship of Chorales due to The Neumeister Collection.

.......4 Table 2. J. S. Bach Chorales in The Neumeister Collection: Concordances & their Locations

Table 3. Suggested Techniques for Improvisation as Written by Christoph Raupach in His Essay Veritophili deutliche Beweis-Gründe, worauf der rechte Gebrauch der Music beydes in den Kirchen und ausser denselben beruhet

Table 4. Chorales in The Neumeister Collection & the Orgelbüchlein

Table 5. Liturgical Classifications of Shared Chorales

Table 6. Chorales in The Neumeister Collection Shared by other Organ Collections of J.

S. Bach

Table 7. Chorale Prelude Forms & their Characteristics

Table 8. Composite Forms of the J.

S. Bach Chorale Preludes Contained in The Neumeister Collection

Table 9. J.

S. Bach Chorale Preludes in The Neumeister Collection Exhibiting Elements of One or More Forms

Table 10. J.

S. Bach Chorale Preludes in The Neumeister Collection Exhibiting Standard Forms

–  –  –

Example 1 BWV 1095, O Lamm Gottes unschuldig, Mm.12-13

Example 2 BWV 1095, O Lamm Gottes unschuldig, Mm. 12-13

Example 3 BWV 1096, Christ, der du bist Tag und Licht, Mm. 38-39

Example 4 BWV 1105, Jesu, meine Freude, Mm. 5-6

Example 5 BWV 1096, Christ, der du bist Tag und Licht, Mm. 38-39

Example 6 BWV 1099, Aus tiefer Not, schrei ich zu dir, Mm. 23-24

Example 7 BWV 1120, Christ, der du bist der helle Tag, Mm. 1-2

Example 8 BWV 742, Ach Herr, mich armen Sünder, M. 15

Example 9 BWV 1099, Aus tiefer Not, schrei ich zu dir, Mm. 23-24

Example 10 BWV 1105, Jesu, meine Freude, Mm. 5-6

Example 11 BWV 1105, Jesu, meine Freude, Mm. 14-15

Example 12 BWV 957, Machs mit mir, Gott, nach deiner Güt, Mm. 1-2..................52 Example 13 BWV 742, Ach Herr, mich armen Sünder, M. 9

Example 14 BWV 1099, Aus tiefer Not, schrei ich zu dir, Mm. 23-24

–  –  –

Example 16 BWV 1093, Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen, M. 10.............53 Example 17 BWV 1093, Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen, M. 16.............53 Example 18 BWV 1093, Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen, M. 17.............54 Example 19 BWV 957, Machs mit mir, Gott, nach deiner Güt, Mm. 20-22..............63 Example 20 BWV 957, Machs mit mir, Gott, nach deiner Güt,Mm. 13-15...............63 Example 21 BWV 957, Machs mit mir, Gott, nach deiner Güt, Mm. 4-6..................65 Example 22 BWV 1093, Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen, Mm. 23-26......65

–  –  –





Score I: Machs mit mir, Gott, nach deiner Güt, BWV 957

Score I. A.: Machs mit mir, Gott, nach deiner Güt, BWV 957 Chorale

Score I. B.: Machs mit mir, Gott, nach deiner Güt, BWV 957 Chorale

Score I. C.: Machs mit mir, Gott, nach deiner Güt, BWV 957 Chorale

Score II.: Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen, BWV 1093

Score II. A.: Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen, BWV 1093

Score II. B.: Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen, BWV 1093

–  –  –

One of the most significant discoveries of the twentieth century was the finding of an unpublished compendium of German Baroque keyboard music in 1982 in the archives of the John Herrick Music Library, Yale University, by musicologists Christoph Wolff and HansJoachim Schmidt and Yale University librarian Harold E. Samuel. The collection, which was entitled LM 4708: The Neumeister Collection of Chorale Preludes of the Bach Circle, contains eighty-two previously unknown chorale preludes by several prominent Baroque German organists including Johann Pachelbel (1653-1706), Johann Michael Bach (1648Johann Christoph Bach (1642-1703), and Johann Sebastian Bach (1658-1750).

Historically, it is an important compendium because it augments the number of known chorale compositions by these composers. But its primary importance is the thirty-eight J. S. Bach chorale preludes, thirty-three of which were unknown. The collection also serves as a link to

–  –  –

The collection also inclues three J. S. Bach chorale preludes which can be found in virtually identical settings elsewhere in the chorale literature of Bach. This is unique occurrence has changed the dating of Bach’s works, resetting early dating parameters.

It is the purpose of this study to examine the J. S. Bach chorale preludes in The Neumeister Collection as a worthy collection of service and teaching music. These works offer a wide variety of music for the Liturgy and are categorized liturgically and topically, allowing organists a detailed and complete index. They are also accessible to all levels of playing, require little or no pedaling, and are short and sectional making them highly flexible.

Tables classifying these chorale preludes according to form, other settings of the same chorale, and estimated playing times have been included for the church organist.

These chorale preludes are also excellent teaching pieces, exemplifying an array of forms, contrapuntal techniques, styles, and harmonies. Also, many adapt easily to different voicings, giving the organ student additional training in the independence of hands and feet. A table of the rules of playing polyphonic music and scores presenting the original and edited settings of two chorale preludes are included.

–  –  –

One of the most significant musical discoveries of the twentieth century was the finding of an unpublished compendium of German Baroque keyboard music in the archives of the John Herrick Music Library at Yale University in 1982. Musicologists Christoph Wolff, a renowned Bach scholar, and Hans-Joachim Schultz of Harvard University, as well as Yale University librarian Harold E. Samuel, discovered the collection while cataloging manuscripts bequeathed to the university by former Yale professor Lowell Mason (1792This collection was entitled Yale University LM 4708-The Neumeister Collection of Chorale Preludes of the Bach Circle, and will hereafter be referred to as The Neumeister Collection. In addition to containing previously unknown works by several German composers spanning several generations, such as Johann Pachelbel and Johann Michael Bach, the collection also included thirty-three unknown works by Johann Sebastian Bach, a discovery of great historical significance.1 The history of the collection is well documented: Johann Gottfried Neumeister (1757-1840) compiled what is believed to be an anthology of service music for the active church organist while he was serving as the second organist, sexton, and bell ringer at the Städtkirche, in Frieberg. Neumeister studied organ, composition, and theory with Steven Westrop, CD jacket notes for Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750): The Neumeister Chorales, performed by Christopher Herrick, organ (Hyperion CDA 67215, 2000), 1.

Georg Andreas Sorge (1703-1778); however, his primary livelihood was teaching German at the Latin School in Frieberg. As a part-time organist, Neumeister’s musical requirements included accessible, functional, and versatile service music with little or no pedal and few technical difficulties. Based on the watermark of the manuscript, notational characteristics, and Neumeister’s arrival in Frieberg in the early 1790s, it is probable that this compendium of service music was assembled sometime after this.2 Johann Gottfried Neumeister retired from active church service in 1831 and died at the age of eighty-three in Homburg, near Frankfurt am Main. The manuscript then passed to Christian Heinrich Rinck (1770-1846), although the exact date of its passing is unknown. Rinck was a Darmstadt court organist who studied in Erfurt from 1786-1789 with Johann C. Kittle, one of Johann Sebastian Bach's most famous pupils. Rinck was a well-known collector of manuscripts, and his estate, which was purchased by Lowell Mason in 1852, contained many keyboard works from the Bach Circle. Mason, a Yale University professor, bequeathed his collection of manuscripts to that university upon his death in 1873. Since 1873, The Neumeister Collection has resided among the archival materials in the John Herrick Music Library at Yale University.3 The Neumeister Collection contains a total of eighty-two chorale preludes.

Composers include: Johann Michael Bach (1648-1694), father-in-law and uncle of Christoph Wolff, “The Neumeister Collection of Chorale Preludes from the Bach Circle,” in Bach: Essays on His Life and Music (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1991), 109-111.

Christoph Wolff, ed., Organ Chorales from the Neumeister Collection: Yale University Manuscript LM 4708 (London: Bärenreiter Kassel, 1985), VI.

Johann Sebastian Bach (hereafter abbreviated J. S. Bach), twenty-five works; Johann Christoph Bach (1642-1703), brother of Johann Michael and uncle of Johann Sebastian Bach4, three works; Friederich Wilhelm Zachow (1663-1712), teacher of G. F. Handel, four works; Johann Pachelbel (1653-1706), teacher of Johann Christoph Bach (1671who in turn was the brother and teacher of J. S. Bach, one work; Daniel Erich (1646-1712), one work; Georg Andreas Sorge, teacher of Johann Gottfried Neumeister, five works; and J. S. Bach (1685-1750), thirty-eight works. The collection also contains five anonymous chorale preludes.5 A complete listing of the contents of the collection can be found in the Appendices: Appendix A lists the contents alphabetically; Appendix B presents the chorale preludes in the order in which they appear in the autograph.

The importance of this collection of chorale preludes is significant: of the eightytwo works, sixty-six are written by members of the Bach family. The compendium has revealed twenty-five works by Johann Michael Bach which were previously unknown, quadrupling the number of chorale compositions by this composer, and making The Neumeister Collection the most extensive source of his works today.6 Appendix C contains a listing of these compositions. Unknown works by J. C. Bach, Daniel Erich, and F. W. Zachow also increase their known chorale output. Authorship of several of the chorale preludes in the collection either incorrectly attributed to a composer or classified Wolff, Christoph, The Neumeister Collection of Chorale Preludes from the Bach Circle: Facsimile Edition of the Yale Manuscript LM 4708 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985), 5.

Wolff, Organ Chorales, VI.

Joseph Payne, CD jacket notes for J. S. Bach Chorale Preludes (Yale Manuscript), performed by Joseph Payne, organ (Harmonia Mundi 905158, 1985), 19-20.

as doubtful works has been credited to the correct composer because of the Neumeister manuscript. Table 1 lists these corrections.

________________________________________________________________________

Table 1.

Corrections in Authorship of Chorales due to The Neumeister Collection ________________________________________________________________________

Number in The Composer Chorale Neumeister Collection

–  –  –

63 J. M. Bach Wenn mein Stündlein vorhander ist (formerly attr.to J. S. Bach)-variant version _______________________________________________________________________

Source: Christoph Wolff, The Neumeister Collection of Chorale Preludes from the Bach Circle: Facsimile Edition of the Yale Manuscript LM 4708 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985), 12-14.



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 6 |


Similar works:

«FACULTY The World Community for Christian Meditation Foreword For many years now The World Community has built up an impressive range of teachers of Christian meditation. An important part of my travelling time is given not only to teach but to help build the community that produces people who teach. They teach now in all levels of society – through all stages of life from elementary school to hospice care – and in every social group, rich and poor, mainstream and marginal. I feel very...»

«Firm: Mesirow Advanced Strategies Mesirow Advanced Strategies Headcount: Hidden Evaluator Founded in Hidden Assets Under Management: Hidden Hidden Hidden Hidden Mesirow Advanced Strategies names strategy head of hedged equity Daniel Freel was promoted to strategy head of hedged equity at Mesirow Advanced Strategies, replacing Terra Fuller, who left to become director of research in Pritzker Group’s asset management unit. Mr. Freel’s responsibilities include oversight of. Pensions &...»

«International Journal of Environmental & Science Education International Journal of Environmental & Science Education (2014), 9, 159-175 Vol. 3, N o. 3, J uly 2 0 0 8, x x x x Social Interactions and Familial Relationships Preservice Science Teachers Describe During Interviews about Their Drawings of the Endocrine and Gastrointestinal Systems Patricia Patrick Texas Tech University Received 24 March 2013; Accepted 13 October 2013 Doi:10.12973/ijese.2014.209a This study examined preservice...»

«National Park Service Oregon Caves U.S. Department of the Interior Oregon Caves National Monument Cave Junction, Oregon Teacher’s Guide to Geology: Our Changing World The Outdoor Education Program at Oregon Caves National Monument Grades 3-5 “In the longest time of all come the rock’s changes, Slowest of all rhythms, the pulsations That raise from the planet’s core the mountain ranges And weather them down to sand on the sea-floor, Kathleen Raine, Rock, 1978. Printed spring 2012 at...»

«ASSESSING NEW ZEALAND HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE TEACHERS‟ TECHNOLOGICAL PEDAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Education in the University of Canterbury by Kofi Acheaw Owusu University of Canterbury TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES DEDICATION ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Abstract CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Background to the study Statement of the problem New Zealand school context...»

«International Review of Social Sciences and Humanities Vol. 1, No. 2 (2011), pp. 26-39 www.irssh.com ISSN 2248-9010 Informal School Based Teacher Development Jonathan Pitt Schulich School of Education, Nipissing University 100 College Drive, North Bay, ON P1B 8L7, CANADA. e-mail: jonathap@nipissingu.ca (Received: 7-7-11 / Accepted: 30-7-2011) Abstract The purpose of this study was a research-based inquiry into informal school based teacher development practices. The research question is: What...»

«Leadership Tasks in Early Childhood Education Eeva Hujala and Mervi Eskelinen Tampere University Finland Abstract Leadership research in early childhood education and care (ECEC) is quite a young arena. It combines leadership concepts from school research as well as from business. There are common aspects in leadership profession in general but the context and the mission define the content of leadership tasks and responsibilities. In Finnish early childhood education pedagogical leadership,...»

«White Teachers in Minority Schools: Understanding Their Own Racism as A Prerequisite By Elissa Vinnik “Given America’s history, why should anyone be surprised to find white privilege so woven into the unexamined institutional practices, habits of mind, and received truths that Americans can barely see it?” –Michael K. Brown, White Washing Race “Blacks are often confronted in American life, with such devastating examples of the white descent from dignity; devastating not only because...»

«4th grade estuary food web activity About this activity: There are 21 “cards” representing 21 plants or animals that can be found in estuaries. Each card gives some information about the plant or animal, and also tells what that animal eats. Many of the cards also tell what eats the plant or animal. Eventually, the teacher will use pieces of yarn to connect all of the producers to the appropriate primary consumers, and also make connections between consumers. This will show visually the...»

«Foreword Shirley Geok-lin Lim Visiting Professor, Department of English, 2014-15 Halfway Home Vl owes its vitality to the student editors who read and wrote for it, selected the poetry and prose in these pages submitted by City University of Hong Kong Creative Writing students and teachers in its programs, and then copyedited and laid out the work. This issue is the result of an enormous yet enthusiastic collective effort, accompanied by robust discussion of the merit of each piece,...»

«Aeródromo San Isidro © Eloy Martín 2016 Aeródromo San Isidro © Eloy Martín 2016 Aeródromo San Isidro Antecedentes El 18 de enero de 19161, por iniciativa del Director de la Escuela de Aviación Militar, Teniente coronel de Artillería Ingeniero Alejandro Pastor Obligado (1877-1940), se implementó la Reglamentación para el régimen interno de los aeródromos y establecimientos civiles establecidos en jurisdicción militar. Al respecto el Poder Ejecutivo promulgó un decreto con...»

«Aspire Teacher Residency 2011-2012 Teacher Residents      A.J. Treas Residency Placement: 5th Grade, Aspire Alexander Twilight College Preparatory Academy Mentor: Jessica Imrie Hometown: Livermore, CA Undergraduate University: CSU Sacramento Degree Earned: BA in Child Development   My Inspiration to Teach: The kids absolutely inspire me to teach. They are amazing and I love to watch that light bulb flash on when they enthusiastically connect their understanding to the content. Why I Chose...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.