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«POL 2200Y: CORE COURSE IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS Session: Fall/Winter 2009-2010 Seminars: Wednesday 2-4, Sidney Smith 3130 Instructors: Professors ...»

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Session: Fall/Winter 2009-2010

Seminars: Wednesday 2-4, Sidney Smith 3130

Instructors: Professors Nancy Bertoldi and John Kirton

Professor Nancy Bertoldi Professor John Kirton

Office: Sidney Smith Hall, Room 3123 Office: Munk Centre, Room 209N

Telephone: 416-946-0181 Telephone: 416-946-8953

E-mail: nancy.bertoldi@chass.utoronto.ca E-mail: john.kirton@utoronto.ca Office Hours: Friday 10-12 Office Hours: Monday 2-4


POL2200Y covers the major approaches to explaining and understanding international relations and foreign policy. It is a course designed for doctoral students that focuses on the construction and evaluation of theory. It has three purposes: to provide a thorough grounding in the “great literatures” of international relations and their application to current debates; to develop students’ ability to assess these literatures critically; and to help students refine the theoretical foundations of their subsequent dissertations.

Required reading materials are available on reserve at the Robarts and Trinity College Libraries.


Performance in the course will be evaluated on the basis of the following requirements:

1. Seminar Participation: 25% of final grade (evaluated once per semester at 12.5% each) Students are expected to participate actively in class discussions each week, having carefully considered and critically evaluated the materials on the reading list.

2. Response Papers: 75% of final grade (15% each) * Students are required to write 6 response papers that engage with the course materials and address a question that is distributed one week in advance. All 6 papers must be completed, but we will count the best 5 out of 6.

* In preparing your papers, answer the question that you are asked and not some other question of your own design. Demonstrate your mastery of the relevant readings and make sure to incorporate your own ideas, thoughts, reactions, and analyses. No outside sources or references are required.

* Papers must be submitted at the beginning of class on their due dates on October 13, November 10, December 1, January 26, March 2, and March 30. Papers are to be no more than 8 pages of double-spaced text (about 2000 words) in length. Late papers will not be accepted without a physician’s note.

Students must fulfill all course requirements in order to satisfactorily complete the course.



Extensions: No extensions will be granted on the response papers, unless students have acceptable reasons beyond their control that are adequately documented—for example, a medical emergency supported by an official U of T medical certificate. Students are expected to inform instructors of such mitigating circumstances as soon as possible. Appropriate documentation must be submitted no later than within one week of the missed course requirement. Assignments and exams from other courses scheduled for the same date, TA responsibilities, or other work commitments do not constitute acceptable reasons for extensions, so please plan accordingly.

Plagiarism: All sources used in the response papers must be properly cited. Failure to acknowledge sources constitutes plagiarism—a serious academic offense. To guard against plagiarism, students may be asked to submit their written work to Turnitin.com for textual similarity review, under terms set by the University of Toronto and as described on the Turnitin.com website.

Blackboard: Blackboard will be used to manage and coordinate the course. All students are required to have an active University of Toronto email for this purpose. Reading materials and important course announcements concerning dates and requirements will be posted electronically on blackboard. In light of the University’s strong emphasis on preparedness for possible pandemic outbreaks, students will be expected to check their emails and log in to blackboard on a daily basis to have quick and easy access to information in the event of unexpected disruptions.

Double-sided printing: To conserve paper, please print your essays double-sided if you can. You can learn how at: printdoublesided.sa.utoronto.ca.

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Please note that every effort will be made to invite colleagues from the IR area group and department with expertise on a particular topic as guest instructors to the appropriate sessions.

Accordingly, the reading list may be revised to reflect the selections of guest instructors.

I. Actors and Contexts Week 1: Overview

Martin Hollis and Steve Smith, Explaining and Understanding International Relations, (Oxford:

Clarendon Press, 1992), pp. 1-44.

2-hour STL: JX1245.H65 1990 TRIN Hayward Alker and Tom Biersteker, “The Dialectics of World Order: Notes for a Future Archeologist of International Savoir Faire,” International Studies Quarterly, 28 2 (June 1984), pp. 121-42.

2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN Richard Little, “Historiography and International Relations,” Review of International Studies, 25 (1999), pp. 291-299.

2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN Ole Weaver, “The Sociology of a Not So International Discipline: American and European Developments in International Relations,” International Organization, 52/4 (Autumn 1998), pp.


2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN Steve Smith, “The Self-Images of a Discipline: A Genealogy of International Relations Theory,” in Ken Booth and Steve Smith, eds., International Relations Theory Today, (Polity Press, 1995), pp. 1-37.

2-hour STL: JX1391.I6383 1995 TRIN Week 2: State Charles Tilly, “War Making and State Making as Organized Crime,” in Peter Evans, Dietrich Rueschemeyer and Theda Skocpol eds., Bringing the State Back In, (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1985).

2-hour STL: H97.B733 TRIN Joel Migdal, Strong Societies and Weak States: State-Society Relations and State Capabilities in the Third World, (Princeton: Princeton University Press: 1988), pp. 3-96, 259-278.

2-hour STL: JF60.M44 1988 TRIN James C. Scott, Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition

–  –  –

Hendrik Spruyt, “Institutional Selection in International-Relations—State Anarchy As Order,” International Organization, 48 4 (1994): 527-557.

Available in Periodicals Available online Max Weber, Economy and Society, Roth and Wittich eds., (New York: Bedminster Press, 1968), Volumes II and III, Chapters IX, X, XI (pp. 901-994).

2-hour STL: HM57.W3413 1968 v.2 TRIN 2-hour STL: HM57.W3413 1968 v.3 TRIN Week 3: Nation Karl Deutsch, Nationalism and Social Communication: An Inquiry into the Foundations of Nationality, (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1953), ch. 1, 4-7, 9.

2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN Ernst Gellner, Nations and Nationalism, (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983), ch. 1, 4-5, 7hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism, (London: Verso, 1983), ch. 1-7.

2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN Or JC311.A656 1991 TRIN James Fearon and David Laitin, “Violence and the Social Construction of Ethnic Identity,” International Organization, 54/4 (2000), 845-877.

2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN Available online Week 4: Capitalism Douglass North and Robert Thomas, Rise of the Western World, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980), parts I and III.

Part 1: 2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN Part 3: 2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN Karl Polanyi, The Great Transformation, (Boston: Beacon Press, 1957).

2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN Vladimir Ilych Lenin, “Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism,” in Robert C. Tucker, ed.

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Immanuel Wallerstein, The Capitalist World-Economy, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979), part I.

2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN II. Mainstream Realism Week 5: Ancient Realism Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, introduction, the debate in Sparta, the funeral oration of Pericles, the plague in Athens, the civil war in Corcyra, the Mytilenean debate, the Melian dialogue, and the rise and fall of the Sicilian expedition.

Two commonly used and good editions of this text are:

(1) Robert B. Strassler and Richard Crawley, eds., The Landmark Thucydides: A Comprehensive Guide to the Peloponnesian War (New York: Free Press, 1996). This edition includes useful maps and short introductions on various aspects of Ancient Greek life.

(2) Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War, trans. Rex Warner (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1983).

This edition has the advantage of being compact and widely quoted.

2-hour STL: DF229.T6 W37 1972 TRIN F. Cornford, Thucydides Mythistoricus, (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1965), ch. I-IV on the political economy of the Peloponnesian War.

2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN Martin Wight, System of States, (Leicester University Press, 1977), ch. 2-3. Chapter 2, “The States System of Hellas,” and chapter 3, “Hellas and Persia,” pp. 46-109.

2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN Week 6: Modern Realism Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan, (New York: Penguin, 1977 [1651]), chapters 13 through 17, pp.


2-hour STL: JC153.H65 1991 TRIN

Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince, tr. and ed. by Harvey C. Mansfield, 2nd ed., (Chicago, IL:

University of Chicago Press, 1998).

2-hour STL: JC143.M3813 2005 TRIN Niccolò Machiavelli, Discourses on Livy, Letter of dedication to Zanobi Buondelmonti and Cosimo Rucelli, I.Preface, I.1-I.4, I.58-I.59, II.Preface, II.2, II.12, III.1, III.5.

6 The most literal translation is Mansfield/Tarcov (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996);

however this uses language which is often awkward. The Penguin edition is also good and has the advantage of being widely used.

2-hour STL: JC143.M16313 1996 TRIN Jean-Jacques Rousseau, “


of the Abbé de Saint Pierre’s Project for Perpetual Peace,” “Judgement on Saint Pierre’s Project for Perpetual Peace,” “The State of War,” and “Fragments on War,” all in Forsyth, Keens-Soper, and Savigear, eds. The Theory of International Relations (London: Allen & Unwin, 1970).

2-hour STL: JX1308.T48 1970 TRIN 2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN Week 7: 20th century Realism Edward Hallett Carr, The Twenty Years’ Crisis, 1919-1939: An Introduction to The Study of International Relations, (New York: Harper & Row, 1964 [1939]).

2-hour STL: JX1391.C32 1946 TRIN

Hans J. Morgenthau, Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace, (New York:

Alfred A. Knopf, 1973 [1948]), ch. 1, 9, 11, 14, 19, 20, 22.

2-hour STL: JX1391.M6 1993 TRIN Kenneth N. Waltz, Man, the State, and War: A Theoretical Analysis, (New York: Columbia University Press, 1959 [1954]), ch. I, II, IV, VI, VIII.

2-hour STL: JX 1308.W3 1959 TRIN Stanley Hoffmann, “Raymond Aron and the Theory of International Relations,” in Stanley Hoffmann, Janus and Minerva: Essays on the Theory and Practice of International Politics, (Boulder: Westview, 1987), pp. 52-69.

2-hour STL: D1058.H54 1987 TRIN Week 8: Neo-realism Robert Gilpin, War and Change in World Politics, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983), introduction, ch. 1, 5, 6, epilogue.

2-hour STL: JX1291.G53 1982 TRIN Robert Keohane, (ed.) Neorealism and its Critics, (New York: Columbia University Press, 1986), ch. 1-7, 10-11 (contributions by Keohane, Waltz, Ruggie, Gilpin).

2-hour STL: JX1391.N46 1986 TRIN III. Mainstream Liberalism

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Hugo Grotius, “Prolegomena to the Law of War and Peace,” in Forsyth, Keens-Soper and Savigear, eds. The Theory of International Relations, (London: Allen & Unwin, 1970).

2-hour STL: JX1308.T48 1970 TRIN Hedley Bull, “The Grotian Conception of International Society,” in Herbert Butterfield and Martin Wight, Diplomatic Investigations, (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1966), 51-73.

Available at other UT libraries Hedley Bull, The Anarchical Society, (London: MacMillan 1977), pp. 3-76.

2-hour STL: JX1954.B79 1997 TRIN Martin Wight, Systems of States, (Leicester University Press, 1977), chapter 4, “The Origins of

Our States-System: Geographical Limits,” and chapter 5, “The Origins of Our States-System:

Chronological Limits.” 2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN Michael Walzer, Just and Unjust Wars, (New Yortk: Basic Books, 1977), ch. 4.

2-hour STL: U21.2.W345 1977 Robert Jackson, The Global Covenant, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003), ch. 1, 5.

Available at other UT Libraries Available online Week 10: International Organization Robert Keohane, After Hegemony (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984), ch. 6.

2-hour STL: HF1411.K442 TRIN Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye, Power and Interdependence, (Harper Collins/Longman, 2000), ch. 1-2.

2-hour STL: JX1395.K428 1989 Friedrich Kratochwil and John Gerard Ruggie, “International Organization: A State of the Art on an Art of the State,” International Organization, 40 (Autumn 1986), pp. 753–75.

Available in periodicals Available online John J. Mearsheimer, “The False Promise of International Institutions,” International Security, 19 (Fall/Winter 1994-95), pp. 5–49. 237 2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN

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Michael N. Barnett and Martha Finnemore, “The Politics, Power, and Pathologies of International Organizations,” International Organization, 53, (1999) pp. 699–732.

2-hour STL: KIRTON FILE TRIN Available online Week 11: International Law and Norms Kenneth W. Abbott, Robert O. Keohane, Andrew Moravcsik, Anne-Marie Slaughter and Duncan Snidal, “The Concept of Legalization,” International Organization, 54 (2000), pp. 401–19.

Available online Ellen Lutz and Kathryn Sikkink, “International Human Rights Law and Practice in Latin America,” International Organization, 54 (2000).

Available online Martha Finnemore and Stephen J. Toope, “Alternatives to ‘Legalization’: Richer Views of Law and Politics,” International Organization, 55 (2001), pp. 743–58.

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