FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 93 | 94 || 96 | 97 |   ...   | 105 |

«Wartime Rescue of Jews by the Polish Catholic Clergy The Testimony of Survivors Edited and compiled by Mark Paul Polish Educational Foundation in ...»

-- [ Page 95 ] --

3. A Sister stated that in 1939, after the German invasion, her friend from school, Salomea Baldinger, begged her to help her receive the Sacrament of Baptism. The baptism was performed by Father Józef Kosibowicz, the pastor of Sromowce Wyżne. As her Godmother, the Sister felt a responsibility to take care of her friend. Her friend’s family was very angry with her. After two years the benefactor became a Sister. Not too long after Maria Salomea came to the Sister asking for help because her entire family had been killed by the Germans.

Miraculously, the friend was able to reach Kraków. Mother General instructed that she be accepted into the convent in Lubicz as a helper. After a few weeks she came back to the Mother House to ask for different work because she said working with the mentally ill depressed her. She later left for Germany to work. After the liberation she returned to Poland.

In 1952 she came to us to ask for a baptismal certificate which she couldn’t obtain during the war. She received one, got married and I was present at her daughter’s First Holy Communion. At the present time she is doing well.

The above statements are based on the testimonies of the following Sisters:

1. S. Adelajda Tomasiak—Kołomyja

2. S. Adolfa Szczerbowska—Baworów, Brzeżany, Tarnopol

3. S. Aniceta Wierzbicka—Brzeżany, Siedlce

4. S. Anzelma Krupa—Skarżysko, Wołomin, Życzyn

5. S. Apolonia Leśniak—Bochnia, Kołomyja

6. S. Balbina Bielańska—Bochnia

7. S. Bernadetta Wołk—Przemyśl

8. S. Blandyna Tkaczyk—Kraków (Mother House)

9. S. Bonawentura Chrobak—Sulejów

10. S. Cypriana Mrzygłód—Drohobycz

11. S. Efrema Lis—Lwów-Zamarstynów

12. S. Emanuela Minko—Częstochowa, Mników, Siedlce, Wołomin (orphanage)

13. S. Emeryka Gaca—Tarnów (nursery)

14. S. Eleonora Janik—Przemyśl, Tarnopol

15. S. Eufrazja Wiatrowicz—Wołomin (orphanage)

16. S. Eugenia Gajewska—Brzeżany, Busko-Zdrój

17. S. Eulalia Dzidek—Siedlce, Skarżysko

18. S. Ewencja Panasiuk—Rząska

19. S. Ferdynanda Grzenkowicz—Kołomyja

20. S. Fortunata Kołodziej—Rząska

21. S. Helena Wilkołek—Kraków-Prądnik Czerwony

22. S. Hermana Bąk—Kraków (nursery)

23. S. Hugona Klimpel—Częstochowa

24. S. Ignacja Pluta—Kraków (Krakowska Street)

25. S. Józefina Latka—Śniatyń

26. S. Kaliksta Góźdź—Kielce

27. S. Katarzyna Bikowska—Drohobycz

28. S. Leokadia Sowińska—Mników

29. S. Lidwina Święs—Tarnów

30. S. Longina Konieczna—Tarnopol

31. S. Łucjana Stano—Bochnia

32. S. Magdalena Kaczmarczyk—Częstochowa

33. S. Marcelina Wędzicha—Bochnia

34. S. Maria Kotas—Baworów 261

35. S. Maurycja Wohnout—Brzeżany, Tarnopol

36. S. Modesta Wierzchowska—Mników

37. S. Pankracja Solarz—Opoczno

38. S. Paulina Adamczyk—Wołomin (orphanage), Siedlce

39. S. Rafaela Kupczyk—Stanisławów

40. S. Scholastyka Bogacz—Częstochowa

41. S. Serwacja Dobrotowska—Sambor

42. S. Seweryna Domaradzka—Kraków (Krakowska Street), Tarnów (Shelter for the Poor)

43. S. Stanisława Kluz—Kraków (Nursery), Tarnów (Nursery), Lwów

44. S. Suplicja Kogutowicz—Skarżysko, Kraków (educational institution)

45. S. Sykstusa Kardyś—Busko-Zdrój, Śniatyń

46. S. Taida Balanda—Drohobycz

47. S. Teresa Wilhelm—Drohobycz

48. S. Urbana Kondeja—Kraków (Krakowska Street)

49. S. Wita Pawłowska—Częstochowa

50. S. Waleriana Żuchowska—Rawa Ruska Zygmunt Weinreb, born in 1935, found refuge in a shelter on Krakowska Street in Kraków run by the Albertine

Brothers, as recorded in Hochberg-Mariańska and Grüss, The Children Accuse, at page 114:

I stayed at the Albertine Brothers and Mrs Thiel, the teacher, guessed that I was Jewish, and the Brother Superior did too, and they helped me a lot. They did not say anything to me, but the Brother told me to bathe in bathing trunks like the older boys, and the teacher got angry whenever anyone called me a Jew and secretly taught me things so that no one would be able to tell I was Jewish. But then everyone began whispering about me, so the teacher took me home with her and put me in a school where the headmaster, Mr Chrzan, knew that I was Jewish and helped me a lot. … When the Russians arrived the Brother Superior read in the newspaper that there was a Jewish Committee, and he told me to go to Długa Street to find out if my father had registered there.

Not all Jewish children returned to their families and faith after the war. The following account is related in Zosia

Goldberg, as told to Hilton Obenzinger, Running Through Fire: How I Survived the Holocaust (San Francisco:

Mercury House, 2004), at pages 36–37.

On my mother’s side of the family there were cousins. My mother’s mother’s sister was Telca Trauman and she had two children, Lutek and Franka. Her son Lutek was married to Hela … Lutek and Hela went through the wall [of the Warsaw ghetto] to live in the Aryan section. They took their daughter Hanka and lived with his mother Telca. His sister Franka also lived there, and brought her daughter Bronia.

Telca made believe she was deaf and mute in order to hide her Jewish accent. She had blue eyes, a good face. … And they got through the war this way to die natural deaths. Bronia’s father, Adolf, was taken away one day near the Umschlaglplatz and killed, bu Franka and her mother, Telca, were able to get some kind of papers and hide in the apartment in the Aryan section. Lutek Trauman was stopped one day, the Germans pulled his pants down, and when they saw that he was circumcised, they killed him on the spot.

Soon after they got to the Aryan side Bronia was put in a Catholic convent. She was five years old, and she was told by a priest, “You are a Jewish girl, but now you are a Christian, and never say anything. After the war you can be Jewish again.” But Bronia after the war did not want to be Jewish anymore and she remained Catholic. After all the suffering, her mother, Franka, was driven out of her mind because her daughter remained a Christian. Bronia is still in Poland, while Hela and her daughter Hanka moved to Israel.

Jews in concentration and slave labour camps also encountered members of the Polish clergy who were willing to extend a hand to their fellow prisoners when the opportunity arose. Michel (Mendel) Mielnicki, a young Jew from Wasilków near Białystok, described one such event that occurred in the slave labour camp at Mittelbau-Dora near Weimar in his memoirs Bialystok to Birkenau: The Holocaust Journey of Michel Mielnicki, as told to John Munro (Vancouver: Ronsdale Press and Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre, 2000), at pages 202–203.

Well, very early one morning, I was awakened when my head hit the wooden sleeping shelf beneath it with a thud. I knew instantly what had happened. I was out of my bunk and onto the back of a prisoner who’d stolen my bread in a second.

262 But not fast enough to stop him from stuffing my bread into his mouth. Possessed of a strength that in retrospect still surprises me, I quickly had him down on the floor with my hands locked on his throat, when the Polish priest, who was our Blockältester [block elder], came out of his room to see who was making all the racket.

I can’t say whether it was my intention to strangle the thief or just to stop him from swallowing my bread (and thus my ability to stay alive). Whatever the case, I was on the brink of choking the final breath out of the man, when this priest, who was tall, and heavy enough to have pulled me away with one hand, instead said, “So what will you accomplish if you kill him? He’s already eaten most of your bread, and you’ll be hanged tomorrow. Remember your Ten Commandments. Let him go, and I’ll tend to his punishment.” So I let the son of a bitch go. At which point the big priest added, “God will help you.” In Hebrew! Somehow, he had known from the outset that I was a Jew. I don’t recall that in my subsequent dealings with him, which, given his position, were considerable, he ever so much as alluded to this again. And I couldn’t be more grateful to this Christian man of the cloth if I tried. In his own way, he too saved my life.

Similar accounts attest to the selfless sacrifice of Polish priests and nuns imprisoned in other Nazi German concentration camps. Rev. Michał Piaszczyński, who maintained friendly relations with Jews in his native Łomża before the war, and even invited rabbis to the seminary where he taught, shared his meagre food ration with other prisoners of Sachsenhausen (Oranienburg), where he died of malnutrition and disease in December 1940. When a Jew in his block was denied his food ration one day, Rev. Piaszczyński gave his over to the Jew (a lawyer from Warsaw by the name of Kott); the latter turned to Rev. Piaszczyński with tears in his eyes and said: “You Catholics believe that in your churches there is a living Christ in your bread. I believe that in this bread there is a living Christ who told you to share it with me.” (Moroz and Datko, Męczennicy za wiarę 1939–1945, pp.144– 46.) An inmate of Dachau, where “altruism is almost completely unknown,” records how Rev. Jan Tymiński of the diocese of Łomża volunteered to be transferred to one of the blocks that was ridden with the typhus epidemic in order to help his fellow prisoners who were less fortunate than he was: “He hops from one bunk to another, blesses the dying, no matter of what nationality or faith they are, consoles those who are still conscious.” (S.J.

[Stanisław Jerzy] Sagan, Food Carries Out! [Toronto: n.p., 1982], p.110.) Rev. Tadeusz Gaik, who was also interned in Dachau, struck up a deep friendship with a Jew by the name of Dawid Jakubowski from his hometown of Bochnia, and provided him with food and a sweater. (Tadeusz Gaik, “Moje krótkie wspomnienie,” in Antoni Gładysz and Andrzej Szymerski, eds., Biografia byłych więźniów politycznych niemieckich obozów koncentracyjnych, volume 1 [Philadelphia: Promyk, 1972], pp.72–74.) Rev. Witold Kiedrowski, from the Chełmno diocese, who was imprisoned in Majdanek, witnessed how Rev. Julian Chruścicki (Chróścicki), a priest from the Warsaw suburb of Włochy who had been arrested for helping Jews, joined with a rabbi in reciting psalms from the breviary he had managed to smuggle into the camp. In his capacity as pharmacist, Rev.

Kiedrowski visited sickrooms in the camps in which he was interned, namely, Majdanek, Birkenau and Ohdruf, bringing both medical and spiritual assistance to prisoners of all nationalities, including Jews, for whom he would recite psalms. During the massacre of Jewish prisoners in Majdanek on November 3, 1943, Rev. Kiedrowski was badly beaten for trying to protect a Jewish boy. (Witold Kiedrowski, “Świat potrzebuje pomnika żywej modlitwy,” Miesięcznik Franciszkański, September 12, 1987.) Sister Julia (Stanisława) Rodzińska, a Dominican nun from Wilno who was arrested in July 1943 and imprisoned in Stutthof, died there in February 1945, after contracting typhus while visiting and caring for inmates infected with typhus. A fellow Jewish inmate by the name of Eva Hoff recalled: “She helped us with her inner strength.” (Moroz and Datko, Męczennicy za wiarę 1939– 1945, pp.281–85.) Even as the war was drawing to a close, Jews would still find themselves in need of protectors. Six Jewish women who were evacuated from Auschwitz by the Germans in the so-called death marches managed to escape and hid in a barn. A Polish priest brought them food and sheltered them until the arrival of the Soviet army. (Leah B.

Holocaust Testimony (HVT–369) and Sara E. Holocaust Testimony (HVT–1085), Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.) Edith Zirer credits Pope John Paul II with saving her life in the final months of the war. (“The Pope in the Holy Land,” Catholic Insight [Toronto], May 2000, p.21.) Liberated in January 1945, she left the Skarzysko-Kamienna [Skarżysko-Kamienna] camp totally weakened by

–  –  –

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 93 | 94 || 96 | 97 |   ...   | 105 |

Similar works:

«STRAIGHTENING OUR HAIR bell hooks On Saturday mornings we would gather in the kitchen to get our hair fixed, that is straightened. Smells of burning grease and hair, mingled with the scent of our freshly washed bodies, with collard greens cooking on the stove, with fried fish. We did not go to the hairdresser. Mama fixed our hair. Six daughters—there was no way we could have afforded hairdressers. In those days, this process of straightening black women’s hair with a hot comb (invented by...»

«Diffusion: the UCLan Journal of Undergraduate Research Volume 4 Issue 2 (December 2011) The role of religion in social transformation within Poland since1970 Paul Ryder (Religion, Culture and Society) The political and social structure of the state At the close of the Second World War in 1945, Poland was consumed by the totalitarian, communist regime of Joseph Stalin’s Soviet Union. The ideology of Stalinism was heavily based on the work of Karl Marx and what later became known as Marxism....»

«Inga Jasinskaja-Lahti PSYCHOLOGICAL ACCULTURATION AND ADAPTATION AMONG RUSSIAN-SPEAKING IMMIGRANT ADOLESCENTS IN FINLAND Helsinki 2000 ii Sosiaalipsykologisia tutkimuksia Socialpsykologiska studier Social psychological studies Kustantaja / Publisher: Helsingin yliopiston sosiaalipsykologian laitos / Department of Social Psychology, University of Helsinki Toimituskunta / Editorial Board: Klaus Helkama, puheenjohtaja / chair person Karmela Liebkind Rauni Myllyniemi Anna-Maija Pirttilä-Backman...»

«THE JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY Vol. XVII. APRIL, 1937 No. 68 Oriuuatnal 1apers AN ENQUIRY INTO THE CAUSES OF MESCAL VISIONS BY C. R. MARSHALL, TUNBRIDGE WELLS INTRODUCTION MESCAL hallucinations have recently been investigated in the hope that their elucidation might help to unravel other hallucinatory phenomena. Zucker 1 administered mescaline to patients with hallucinations. From the protocols given many of the effects obtained (coloured lights, tapestry patterns, visions of...»

«Article Constructing the Cool Wall: A Tool to Explore Teen Meanings of Cool Fitton, Daniel Bowen, Read, Janet C and Horton, Matthew Paul Leslie Available at http://clok.uclan.ac.uk/7405/ Fitton, Daniel Bowen, Read, Janet C and Horton, Matthew Paul Leslie (2012) Constructing the Cool Wall: A Tool to Explore Teen Meanings of Cool. PsychNology Journal, 10 (2). pp. 141-162. ISSN 1720-7525 It is advisable to refer to the publisher’s version if you intend to cite from the work. For more information...»

«From Soulard’s Notebooks Assistant Editor: Kassandra Soulard Poetry by Ric Amante 1 Notes from New England [Commentary] by Raymond Soulard, Jr. 9 Poetry by Judih Haggai 27 Poetry by Joe Ciccone 32 Paelo Redemption [Travel Journal] by Charlie Beyer 35 Poetry by Joe Coleman 45 Baby Steps Up into the Sky [Travel Journal] by Nathan D. Horowitz 55 Many Musics [Poetry] by Raymond Soulard, Jr. 59 Psychedelics and Lucid Dreaming: Doorways in the Mind [Essay] by A.S. Kay 91 Poetry by Tom Sheehan 99...»

«EDMUND GOSSE’S FATHER AND SON: RENEGOTIATING BIOGRAPHY THROUGH ILLUSTRATION KATHY REES Edmund Gosse (1849–1928) is known today for one classic text, Father and Son (1907), the account of his early life from 1849 to 1870 in his Plymouth Brethren home. It is a profile of mid-Victorian dissenter religion, where the recollections of the urbane narrator are periodically animated by the voice of the precocious but fragile child-focaliser. On publication the book was applauded for its...»

«Becoming an Educated Consumer of Research: A Quick Look at the Basics of Research Methodologies and Design Taylor Dimsdale Mark Kutner Meeting of the Minds Practitioner-Researcher Symposium December 2004 American Institutes for Research www.air.org Introduction In recent years, the debate about the utilization of research studies that have been used to inform educational practice has been steadily growing. This debate is primarily the result of frustration; despite the investment of billions of...»

«TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITÄT MÜNCHEN Lehrstuhl für Aquatische Systembiologie Bioindication tools for measuring the success of stream restoration Joachim Wolfgang Pander Vollständiger Abdruck der von der Fakultät Wissenschaftszentrum Weihenstephan für Ernährung, Landnutzung und Umwelt der Technischen Universität München zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades eines Doktors der Naturwissenschaften genehmigten Dissertation. Vorsitzender: Univ.-Prof. Dr. A. Melzer Prüfer der Dissertation: 1....»

«Incidents in the Life of Madame Blavatsky by A.P. Sinnett Incidents in the Life of Madame Blavatsky by A.P. Sinnett Compiled from information supplied by her relatives and friends The Theosophical Publishing House, London 1913 AUTHOR'S PREFACE [Page 5] THE first edition of this book, published in 1886, was issued during Madame Blavatsky's lifetime as an indirect protest against the cruel and slanderous attack on her embodied in the Report to the Committee of the Psychical Research Society...»

«ODYSSEY OFTHE MIND SPONTANEOUS PROBLEM SOLVING SPONTANEOUS PROBLEMS Verbal Hands -On Hands -On Verbal VERBAL In a Verbal spontaneous problem, the team is given a brainstorming-type problem to solve in a specific amount of time and scored according to he number and creativity of responses generated. The order in which members respond is usually random, and a higher point value is awarded for a creative answer than a common one. Examples: Name uses for a jack-o-lantern after Halloween. Name...»

«Bandolero Buyers Guide A Guide to Bando Basics and Inspection The Cars The Bando has been carefully designed with safety in mind. They are built by 600 Racing in Harrisburg NC. Racing is sanctioned by INEX. More information on INEX and 600 Racing can be found at www.600racing.com. Some areas of the car are designed to “crush” and absorb energy in an impact. This “crush” also makes the cars somewhat fragile. Be prepared to repair/replace body panels, bumpers, frame horns and occasionally...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.