«Wartime Rescue of Jews by the Polish Catholic Clergy The Testimony of Survivors Edited and compiled by Mark Paul Polish Educational Foundation in ...»
Carmelites (Zakon Braci Najświętszej Maryi Panny z Góry Karmel (OCarm)—karmelici): Bołszowce near Rohatyn, Kraków, Wilno.
Cistercians (Zakon Cystersów (OCist)—cystersi): Mogiła near Kraków.
Dominicans (Zakon Braci Kaznodziejów (OP)—dominikanie): Czortków, Lwów.
Franciscans (Conventuals) (Zakon Braci Mniejszych Konwentualnych (OFMConv)—franciszkanie konwentualni):
Grodno, Niepokalanów, Warsaw.
Franciscans (Reformed) (Zakon Braci Mniejszych (OFM), Prowincja Matki Bożej Anielskiej—franciszkanie reformaci):
Przemyśl-Panewniki, Sadowa Wisznia.
Franciscans (not identified) (franciszkanie): Łagiewniki near Łódź, Limanowa, in/near Kraków, in/near Warsaw.
Jesuits (Towarzystwo Jezusowe (SJ)—jezuici): Albertyn near Słonim, Janówka near Tarnopol, Lwów, Nowy Sącz, Otwock near Warsaw, Słonim, Stara Wieś, Tarnopol, Turkowice near Hrubieszów, Warsaw (various priests), Wilno.
Marians (Zgromadzenie Księży Marianów Niepokalanego Poczęcia Najświętszej Maryi Panny (MIC)—marianie): Bielany near Warsaw, Warsaw.
Congregation of St. Michael (Zgromadzenie św. Michała Archanioła (CSMA)—michalici): Struga near Warsaw, Miejsce Piastowe.
Oblates of Mary Immaculate (Zgromadzenie Misjonarzy Oblatów Maryi Niepokalanej (OMI)—oblaci): Okopy near Rokitno.
Orionists (Małe Dzieło Boskiej Opatrzności (FDP)—orioniści): Warsaw.
Pallotins (Stowarzyszenie Apostolstwa Katolickiego (SAC)—pallotyni): Warsaw.
Paulines (Zakon św. Pawła Pierwszego Pustelnika (OSPPE)—paulini): Częstochowa, Hungary.
Redemptorists (Zgromadzenie Najświętszego Odkupiciela (CSsR)—redemptoryści): Mościska, Tuchów, Warsaw (various priests).
Salesians (Towarzystwo św. Franciszka Salezego (SDB)—salezjanie): Częstochowa, Głosków, Przemyśl, Supraśl, Warsaw (various locations).
Vincentians (Missionaries of St. Vincent de Paul) (Zgromadzenie Księży Misjonarzy św. Wincentego à Paulo (CM)— misjonarze): Kraków, Lwów, Tarnów, Warsaw (various priest).
As of January 1, 2010, the distinction of “Righteous Among the Nations” has been granted to 6,195 Poles, who form the single largest national group honoured by that institution.98 The vast majority of Poles who extended assistance to Jews have not received any recognition. Among those recognized by Yad Vashem are sixty-two members of the Roman Catholic clergy (of the Latin rite). Proportionally, in relation to their numbers, the Polish clergy has been awarded more often than the Catholic clergy of other occupied countries,99 this despite their own incomparably greater persecution and far more endangered status. The representation of Catholic clergy among the “Righteous” exceeds that of the Protestant and Orthodox clergy by far.
Polish Priests Recognized by Yad Vashem
1. Brunon Boguszewski (Kraków)
-- [Antoni Bradło, not then yet a priest]
2. Stanisław Falkowski (Piekuty Nowe near Białystok)
3. Władysław Głowacki (Warsaw)
4. Marceli Godlewski (Warsaw)
5. Józef Gorajek (Wąwolnica near Lublin)
6. Michał Kubacki (Salesian Father, Warsaw)
7. Albin Małysiak (Kraków, now a bishop)
8. Stanisław Mazak (Szczurowice near Radziechów)
9. Franciszek Orzechowski (Dobczyce near Kraków)
10. Aleksander Osiecki (Brzeźnica near Dębica)
11. Andrzej Osikowicz (sometimes spelled Osikiewicz, Borysław)
12. Jan Patrzyk (Lipinki near Gorlice)
13. Jan Pawlicki (Zborów)
14. Jan Poddębniak (Krężnica Jara near Lublin)
15. Jan Sielewicz (Worniany near Wilno)
16. Franciszek Smorczewski (Stolin, Polesie or Polesia)
-- [Witold Stolarczyk, not then yet a priest]
17. Adam Sztark (Jesuit Father, Słonim)
18. Witold Szymczukiewicz (Rukojnie near Wilno)
19. Ludwik Wolski (Otwock near Warsaw)
20. Ludwik Wrodarczyk (Oblate of Mary Immaculate, Okopy, Volhynia)
21. Mieczysław Zawadzki (Będzin)
22. Jan Zawrzycki (Rymanów near Krosno)
23. Ignacy Życiński (Trójca near Zawichost) 98 For a complete list of Poles awarded by Yad Vashem as of January 1, 2010, see http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/righteous/stories/pdf/virtial_wall/poland.pdf. Additionally, a number of Poles from Lithuania, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, Germany, Austria and France have also received recognition. For information about the rescue activity of individual Poles recognized by Yad Vashem see http://www.savingjews.org/. See also Israel Gutman, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Righteous Among the Nations: Rescuers of Jews during the Holocaust, vol. 8: Europe (Part I) and Other Countries (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2007), pp.31–32, 70–71, 86–87, 115–16.
99 The count for various countries with a sizeable Catholic population is: Austria—none, Belgium—103, Croatia—3, Czech Republic— none, England—one, France—136, Germany—7, Hungary—25, Italy—52, Latvia—one, Lithuania—15, Luxembourg—none, Poland— 59, Netherlands—8, Slovakia—5 (including two Eastern-rite Greek Catholics), Swizerland—one, and Ukraine (part of interwar Poland)— 8 Eastern-rite Greek Catholics (Uniates).
274 Polish Nuns Recognized by Yad Vashem
1. Irena Adamek (Sister Małgorzata, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)
2. Euzebia Bartkowiak (Sister of the Resurrection of Our Lord Jesus Christ, Mir)
3. Stanisława Bednarska (Sister Stefania, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)
4. Irena Bielawska (Mother Superior Maria Honorata, Felician Sister, Przemyśl)
5. Anna Borkowska (Sister Bertranda, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)
6. Krystyna Bykowska (Sister of St. Elizabeth, Otwock)
7. Genowefa Czubak (formerly Sister Dolorosa, Missionary Sister of the Holy Family, Prużana)
8. Aleksandra Drzewiecka (Wilno)
9. Helena Frąckiewicz (Sister Diana, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)
10. Bronisława Galus (Sister Róża, Sister Servant of the Blessed Virgin Mary Immaculately Conceived, Turkowice near Hrubieszów)
11. Wanda Garczyńska (Sister Wanda, Sister of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Warsaw)
12. Matylda Getter (Mother Matylda, Franciscan Sister of the Family of Mary, Warsaw)
13. Maria Stefania Górska (Sister Andrzeja, Ursuline Sister of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus, Warsaw)
14. Anna Grenda (Sister Ligoria, Sister Servant of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Przemyśl)
15. Bronisława Hryniewicz (Mother Beata, Daughter of the Purest Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Skórzec near Siedlce)
16. Klara Jaroszyńska (Sister Klara, Franciscan Sister Servant of the Cross, Laski near Warsaw)
17. Stanisława Jóźwikowska (Sister Stanisława, Daughter of the Purest Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Skórzec near Siedlce)
18. Leokadia Juśkiewicz (Sister Longina, Sister Servant of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Przemyśl)
19. Janina Kierocińska (Mother Teresa, Carmelite Sister of the Infant Jesus, Sosnowiec)
20. Aniela Kotowska (Sister Klara, Felician Sister, Przemyśl)
21. Bogumiła Makowska (Sister Zofia, Franciscan Missionary Sister of Mary, Zamość)
22. Ludwika Małkiewicz (Sister of St. Elizabeth, Otwock)
23. Antonina Manaszczuk (Sister Irena, Sister Servant of the Blessed Virgin Mary Immaculately Conceived, Turkowice near Hrubieszów)
24. Stanisława Marciniak (Sister Gertruda, Mother Superior, Sister of St. Elizabeth, Otwock)
25. Julia Michrowska (Sister Bernadeta, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)
26. Maria Mikulska (Benedictine Sister, Wilno)
27. Joanna Mistera (Sister of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Ignaców near Mińsk Mazowiecki)
28. Maria Neugebauer (Sister Imelda, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)
29. Maria Ostreyko (Sister Jordana, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)
30. Maria Pietkiewicz (Sister of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Kamionek in Warsaw)
31. Aniela Polechajłło (Sister Stanisława, Sister Servant of the Blessed Virgin Mary Immaculately Conceived, Turkowice near Hrubieszów)
32. Johanna Reiter (Sister Zygmunta, Felician Sister, Wawer near Warsaw)
33. Marianna Reszko (Sister of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Ignaców near Mińsk Mazowiecki)
34. Józefa Romansewicz (Sister Hermana, Sister Servant of the Blessed Virgin Mary Immaculately Conceived, Turkowice near Hrubieszów)
35. Maria Janina Roszak (Sister Cecylia, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)
36. Rozalia Domicella Sidełko (Sister Bernarda, Sister Servant of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Przemyśl)
37. Julia Sosnowska (Sister of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Ignaców near Mińsk Mazowiecki)
38. Eugenia Wąsowska-Renot (formerly Sister Alfonsa, Sister Servant of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Przemyśl)
39. Bronisława Wilemska (Sister of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Kraków and Szczawnica)
40. Helena Zienowicz (Sister of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Wilno) 275 Polish Roman Catholic Clergy and Religious Murdered by the Germans for Assisting Jews Among the several thousand Poles—women, men, and children, often entire families and sometimes even whole communities—put to death by the Germans for coming to the assistance of Jews, there were dozens of priests and religious. Wacław Zajączkowski, Martyrs of Charity: Christian and Jewish Response to the Holocaust, Part One (Washington, D.C.: St. Maximilian Kolbe Foundation, 1987) lists, with source references, the following
priests as having been killed, usually by summary execution, for assisting Jews:
 Fr. Antoni Grzybowski, a Jesuit from Albertyn near Słonim, was executed on October 20, 1943 for providing shelter to Jews in the Jesuit Novitiate (Entry 39);
 Rev. Andrzej Osikowicz (Osikiewicz), pastor of Borysław, was deported to Majdanek for openly encouraging his parishioners to assist Jews and perished there on December 29, 1943 (Entry 74);
 Rev. Henryk Opiatowski, a Home Army chaplain from Brańsk near Bielsk Podlaski, was shot on July 15, 1943 for assisting Jews and Soviet deserters from labour camps (Entry 76);
 Rev. Mieczysław Akrejć, pastor of Brasław, in northeastern Poland, perished in June 1942 while interceding on behalf of persecuted Jews (Entry 77);
 Rev. Jan Urbanowicz, dean and pastor of Exaltation of the Holy Cross Parish in Brześć nad Bugiem in Polesie (Polesia), was executed in June 1943 for giving aid to Jews, especially issuing false birth and baptismal certificates (Entry 84);
 Rev. Teodor Popczyk of St. Barbara’s Parish in Częstochowa was shot on June 16, 1943, after being identified by a Jew who had received false documentation from this parish (Entry 124)—see also Jan Pietrzykowski, “Księża diecezji częstochowskiej w walce z okupantem,” Wrocławski Tygodnik Katolicki, May 10, 1970;
 Rev. Bolesław Wróblewski, the elderly pastor of the cathedral church in Częstochowa, who had placed some 60 Jewish children in various Catholic institutions, was killed in the parish rectory in 1944 (his sister was also killed and two other women were severely injured) (Entry 131);
 Rev. Adam Sekuła, assistant pastor of Dobra near Limanowa, in southern Poland, was killed in the jail in Nowy Sącz on April 7, 1941 after refusing to betray the names of Jews to whom he had issued baptismal certificates (Entry 141);
 Fr. Michał Klimczak (Father Dionizy), guardian of the Conventual Franciscan monastery in Grodno (Entry 168)100;
 Monsignor Albin Jaroszewicz, dean and pastor of Grodno, was executed on July 14, 1943 (Entry 168);
 Rev. Władysław Grobelny, vicar of Kobryń near Brześć nad Bugiem, was murdered on October 15, 1942 100 On Fr. Dionizy see Tadeusz Krahel, “Zginęli 15 lipca 1943 r. przy fortach koło Naumicz,” Czas Miłosierdzia: Białostocki Biuletyn Kościelny, no. 8, August 2003. Fr. Dionizy was arrested several times, last on July 14, 1944, and executed the following day outside Grodno. The precise cause of his arrest is not known.
 Monsignor Jan Wolski, pastor of Kobryń was executed on October 15, 1942 for assisting partisans and Jews fleeing from the ghetto which was being liquidated (Entry 223);
 Monsignor Zygmunt Surdacki, the Apostolic Administrator of the diocese of Lublin, was deported to Auschwitz for aiding Jews and perished there on April 30, 1941 (Entry 271);
 &  Two young unidentified priests were shot to death on February 21, 1942 in the Lwów suburb of Zamarstynów, when they were apprehended in their attempt to bring two Jewish families to their monastery (Entry 278)—see also Jacek E. Wilczur, Do nieba nie można od razu: Zapiski z okupowanego Lwowa (Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Prawnicze, 1991), 34;
 Another unidentified monk from Lwów was shot dead on February 28, 1942 when he was caught carrying food and money to the ghetto and tried to escape (Entry 279)—see also Jacek E. Wilczur, Do nieba nie można od razu, 34–35;
 Rev. Fabian Poczobutt-Odlanicki, dean and pastor of Łuniniec near Pińsk in Polesie (Polesia), was executed on July 4, 1944 for organizing aid for Jews and partisans (Entry 300);
 Rev. Antoni Mackiewicz, pastor of Mir near Stołpce (voivodship of Nowogródek), was executed in Kołdyczewo concentration camp on November 14, 1942, along with other Poles, for helping Jews (Entry 322).
However, according to other sources, although he did assist Jews, Rev. Mackiewicz was arrested in the sweep directed against the Polish intelligentsia in the region—see Tec, In the Lion’s Den, pp.73, 96, 98–99, and 254 n.13;
 Rev. Tadeusz Kaczmarczyk, an assistant pastor from Nowy Sącz who refused to betray the Jews to whom he had provided baptismal certificates, even under torture, was executed on August 21, 1941 (Entry 343);