WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 96 | 97 || 99 | 100 |   ...   | 105 |

«Wartime Rescue of Jews by the Polish Catholic Clergy The Testimony of Survivors Edited and compiled by Mark Paul Polish Educational Foundation in ...»

-- [ Page 98 ] --

Carmelites (Zakon Braci Najświętszej Maryi Panny z Góry Karmel (OCarm)—karmelici): Bołszowce near Rohatyn, Kraków, Wilno.

Cistercians (Zakon Cystersów (OCist)—cystersi): Mogiła near Kraków.

Dominicans (Zakon Braci Kaznodziejów (OP)—dominikanie): Czortków, Lwów.

Franciscans (Conventuals) (Zakon Braci Mniejszych Konwentualnych (OFMConv)—franciszkanie konwentualni):

Grodno, Niepokalanów, Warsaw.

Franciscans (Reformed) (Zakon Braci Mniejszych (OFM), Prowincja Matki Bożej Anielskiej—franciszkanie reformaci):

Przemyśl-Panewniki, Sadowa Wisznia.

Franciscans (not identified) (franciszkanie): Łagiewniki near Łódź, Limanowa, in/near Kraków, in/near Warsaw.

Jesuits (Towarzystwo Jezusowe (SJ)—jezuici): Albertyn near Słonim, Janówka near Tarnopol, Lwów, Nowy Sącz, Otwock near Warsaw, Słonim, Stara Wieś, Tarnopol, Turkowice near Hrubieszów, Warsaw (various priests), Wilno.

Marians (Zgromadzenie Księży Marianów Niepokalanego Poczęcia Najświętszej Maryi Panny (MIC)—marianie): Bielany near Warsaw, Warsaw.

Congregation of St. Michael (Zgromadzenie św. Michała Archanioła (CSMA)—michalici): Struga near Warsaw, Miejsce Piastowe.

Oblates of Mary Immaculate (Zgromadzenie Misjonarzy Oblatów Maryi Niepokalanej (OMI)—oblaci): Okopy near Rokitno.

Orionists (Małe Dzieło Boskiej Opatrzności (FDP)—orioniści): Warsaw.

Pallotins (Stowarzyszenie Apostolstwa Katolickiego (SAC)—pallotyni): Warsaw.

Paulines (Zakon św. Pawła Pierwszego Pustelnika (OSPPE)—paulini): Częstochowa, Hungary.

Redemptorists (Zgromadzenie Najświętszego Odkupiciela (CSsR)—redemptoryści): Mościska, Tuchów, Warsaw (various priests).

–  –  –

Salesians (Towarzystwo św. Franciszka Salezego (SDB)—salezjanie): Częstochowa, Głosków, Przemyśl, Supraśl, Warsaw (various locations).

Vincentians (Missionaries of St. Vincent de Paul) (Zgromadzenie Księży Misjonarzy św. Wincentego à Paulo (CM)— misjonarze): Kraków, Lwów, Tarnów, Warsaw (various priest).

–  –  –

As of January 1, 2010, the distinction of “Righteous Among the Nations” has been granted to 6,195 Poles, who form the single largest national group honoured by that institution.98 The vast majority of Poles who extended assistance to Jews have not received any recognition. Among those recognized by Yad Vashem are sixty-two members of the Roman Catholic clergy (of the Latin rite). Proportionally, in relation to their numbers, the Polish clergy has been awarded more often than the Catholic clergy of other occupied countries,99 this despite their own incomparably greater persecution and far more endangered status. The representation of Catholic clergy among the “Righteous” exceeds that of the Protestant and Orthodox clergy by far.

Polish Priests Recognized by Yad Vashem

1. Brunon Boguszewski (Kraków)

-- [Antoni Bradło, not then yet a priest]

2. Stanisław Falkowski (Piekuty Nowe near Białystok)

3. Władysław Głowacki (Warsaw)

4. Marceli Godlewski (Warsaw)

5. Józef Gorajek (Wąwolnica near Lublin)

6. Michał Kubacki (Salesian Father, Warsaw)

7. Albin Małysiak (Kraków, now a bishop)

8. Stanisław Mazak (Szczurowice near Radziechów)

9. Franciszek Orzechowski (Dobczyce near Kraków)

10. Aleksander Osiecki (Brzeźnica near Dębica)

11. Andrzej Osikowicz (sometimes spelled Osikiewicz, Borysław)

12. Jan Patrzyk (Lipinki near Gorlice)

13. Jan Pawlicki (Zborów)

14. Jan Poddębniak (Krężnica Jara near Lublin)

15. Jan Sielewicz (Worniany near Wilno)

16. Franciszek Smorczewski (Stolin, Polesie or Polesia)

-- [Witold Stolarczyk, not then yet a priest]

17. Adam Sztark (Jesuit Father, Słonim)

18. Witold Szymczukiewicz (Rukojnie near Wilno)

19. Ludwik Wolski (Otwock near Warsaw)

20. Ludwik Wrodarczyk (Oblate of Mary Immaculate, Okopy, Volhynia)

21. Mieczysław Zawadzki (Będzin)

22. Jan Zawrzycki (Rymanów near Krosno)

23. Ignacy Życiński (Trójca near Zawichost) 98 For a complete list of Poles awarded by Yad Vashem as of January 1, 2010, see http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/righteous/stories/pdf/virtial_wall/poland.pdf. Additionally, a number of Poles from Lithuania, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, Germany, Austria and France have also received recognition. For information about the rescue activity of individual Poles recognized by Yad Vashem see http://www.savingjews.org/. See also Israel Gutman, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Righteous Among the Nations: Rescuers of Jews during the Holocaust, vol. 8: Europe (Part I) and Other Countries (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2007), pp.31–32, 70–71, 86–87, 115–16.

99 The count for various countries with a sizeable Catholic population is: Austria—none, Belgium—103, Croatia—3, Czech Republic— none, England—one, France—136, Germany—7, Hungary—25, Italy—52, Latvia—one, Lithuania—15, Luxembourg—none, Poland— 59, Netherlands—8, Slovakia—5 (including two Eastern-rite Greek Catholics), Swizerland—one, and Ukraine (part of interwar Poland)— 8 Eastern-rite Greek Catholics (Uniates).

274 Polish Nuns Recognized by Yad Vashem





1. Irena Adamek (Sister Małgorzata, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)

2. Euzebia Bartkowiak (Sister of the Resurrection of Our Lord Jesus Christ, Mir)

3. Stanisława Bednarska (Sister Stefania, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)

4. Irena Bielawska (Mother Superior Maria Honorata, Felician Sister, Przemyśl)

5. Anna Borkowska (Sister Bertranda, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)

6. Krystyna Bykowska (Sister of St. Elizabeth, Otwock)

7. Genowefa Czubak (formerly Sister Dolorosa, Missionary Sister of the Holy Family, Prużana)

8. Aleksandra Drzewiecka (Wilno)

9. Helena Frąckiewicz (Sister Diana, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)

10. Bronisława Galus (Sister Róża, Sister Servant of the Blessed Virgin Mary Immaculately Conceived, Turkowice near Hrubieszów)

11. Wanda Garczyńska (Sister Wanda, Sister of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Warsaw)

12. Matylda Getter (Mother Matylda, Franciscan Sister of the Family of Mary, Warsaw)

13. Maria Stefania Górska (Sister Andrzeja, Ursuline Sister of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus, Warsaw)

14. Anna Grenda (Sister Ligoria, Sister Servant of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Przemyśl)

15. Bronisława Hryniewicz (Mother Beata, Daughter of the Purest Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Skórzec near Siedlce)

16. Klara Jaroszyńska (Sister Klara, Franciscan Sister Servant of the Cross, Laski near Warsaw)

17. Stanisława Jóźwikowska (Sister Stanisława, Daughter of the Purest Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Skórzec near Siedlce)

18. Leokadia Juśkiewicz (Sister Longina, Sister Servant of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Przemyśl)

19. Janina Kierocińska (Mother Teresa, Carmelite Sister of the Infant Jesus, Sosnowiec)

20. Aniela Kotowska (Sister Klara, Felician Sister, Przemyśl)

21. Bogumiła Makowska (Sister Zofia, Franciscan Missionary Sister of Mary, Zamość)

22. Ludwika Małkiewicz (Sister of St. Elizabeth, Otwock)

23. Antonina Manaszczuk (Sister Irena, Sister Servant of the Blessed Virgin Mary Immaculately Conceived, Turkowice near Hrubieszów)

24. Stanisława Marciniak (Sister Gertruda, Mother Superior, Sister of St. Elizabeth, Otwock)

25. Julia Michrowska (Sister Bernadeta, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)

26. Maria Mikulska (Benedictine Sister, Wilno)

27. Joanna Mistera (Sister of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Ignaców near Mińsk Mazowiecki)

28. Maria Neugebauer (Sister Imelda, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)

29. Maria Ostreyko (Sister Jordana, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)

30. Maria Pietkiewicz (Sister of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Kamionek in Warsaw)

31. Aniela Polechajłło (Sister Stanisława, Sister Servant of the Blessed Virgin Mary Immaculately Conceived, Turkowice near Hrubieszów)

32. Johanna Reiter (Sister Zygmunta, Felician Sister, Wawer near Warsaw)

33. Marianna Reszko (Sister of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Ignaców near Mińsk Mazowiecki)

34. Józefa Romansewicz (Sister Hermana, Sister Servant of the Blessed Virgin Mary Immaculately Conceived, Turkowice near Hrubieszów)

35. Maria Janina Roszak (Sister Cecylia, Dominican Sister, Kolonia Wileńska near Wilno)

36. Rozalia Domicella Sidełko (Sister Bernarda, Sister Servant of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Przemyśl)

37. Julia Sosnowska (Sister of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Ignaców near Mińsk Mazowiecki)

38. Eugenia Wąsowska-Renot (formerly Sister Alfonsa, Sister Servant of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Przemyśl)

39. Bronisława Wilemska (Sister of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Kraków and Szczawnica)

40. Helena Zienowicz (Sister of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Wilno) 275 Polish Roman Catholic Clergy and Religious Murdered by the Germans for Assisting Jews Among the several thousand Poles—women, men, and children, often entire families and sometimes even whole communities—put to death by the Germans for coming to the assistance of Jews, there were dozens of priests and religious. Wacław Zajączkowski, Martyrs of Charity: Christian and Jewish Response to the Holocaust, Part One (Washington, D.C.: St. Maximilian Kolbe Foundation, 1987) lists, with source references, the following

priests as having been killed, usually by summary execution, for assisting Jews:

[1] Fr. Antoni Grzybowski, a Jesuit from Albertyn near Słonim, was executed on October 20, 1943 for providing shelter to Jews in the Jesuit Novitiate (Entry 39);

[2] Rev. Andrzej Osikowicz (Osikiewicz), pastor of Borysław, was deported to Majdanek for openly encouraging his parishioners to assist Jews and perished there on December 29, 1943 (Entry 74);

[3] Rev. Henryk Opiatowski, a Home Army chaplain from Brańsk near Bielsk Podlaski, was shot on July 15, 1943 for assisting Jews and Soviet deserters from labour camps (Entry 76);

[4] Rev. Mieczysław Akrejć, pastor of Brasław, in northeastern Poland, perished in June 1942 while interceding on behalf of persecuted Jews (Entry 77);

[5] Rev. Jan Urbanowicz, dean and pastor of Exaltation of the Holy Cross Parish in Brześć nad Bugiem in Polesie (Polesia), was executed in June 1943 for giving aid to Jews, especially issuing false birth and baptismal certificates (Entry 84);

[6] Rev. Teodor Popczyk of St. Barbara’s Parish in Częstochowa was shot on June 16, 1943, after being identified by a Jew who had received false documentation from this parish (Entry 124)—see also Jan Pietrzykowski, “Księża diecezji częstochowskiej w walce z okupantem,” Wrocławski Tygodnik Katolicki, May 10, 1970;

[7] Rev. Bolesław Wróblewski, the elderly pastor of the cathedral church in Częstochowa, who had placed some 60 Jewish children in various Catholic institutions, was killed in the parish rectory in 1944 (his sister was also killed and two other women were severely injured) (Entry 131);

[8] Rev. Adam Sekuła, assistant pastor of Dobra near Limanowa, in southern Poland, was killed in the jail in Nowy Sącz on April 7, 1941 after refusing to betray the names of Jews to whom he had issued baptismal certificates (Entry 141);

[9] Fr. Michał Klimczak (Father Dionizy), guardian of the Conventual Franciscan monastery in Grodno (Entry 168)100;

[10] Monsignor Albin Jaroszewicz, dean and pastor of Grodno, was executed on July 14, 1943 (Entry 168);

[11] Rev. Władysław Grobelny, vicar of Kobryń near Brześć nad Bugiem, was murdered on October 15, 1942 100 On Fr. Dionizy see Tadeusz Krahel, “Zginęli 15 lipca 1943 r. przy fortach koło Naumicz,” Czas Miłosierdzia: Białostocki Biuletyn Kościelny, no. 8, August 2003. Fr. Dionizy was arrested several times, last on July 14, 1944, and executed the following day outside Grodno. The precise cause of his arrest is not known.

–  –  –

[12] Monsignor Jan Wolski, pastor of Kobryń was executed on October 15, 1942 for assisting partisans and Jews fleeing from the ghetto which was being liquidated (Entry 223);

[13] Monsignor Zygmunt Surdacki, the Apostolic Administrator of the diocese of Lublin, was deported to Auschwitz for aiding Jews and perished there on April 30, 1941 (Entry 271);

[14] & [15] Two young unidentified priests were shot to death on February 21, 1942 in the Lwów suburb of Zamarstynów, when they were apprehended in their attempt to bring two Jewish families to their monastery (Entry 278)—see also Jacek E. Wilczur, Do nieba nie można od razu: Zapiski z okupowanego Lwowa (Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Prawnicze, 1991), 34;

[16] Another unidentified monk from Lwów was shot dead on February 28, 1942 when he was caught carrying food and money to the ghetto and tried to escape (Entry 279)—see also Jacek E. Wilczur, Do nieba nie można od razu, 34–35;

[17] Rev. Fabian Poczobutt-Odlanicki, dean and pastor of Łuniniec near Pińsk in Polesie (Polesia), was executed on July 4, 1944 for organizing aid for Jews and partisans (Entry 300);

[18] Rev. Antoni Mackiewicz, pastor of Mir near Stołpce (voivodship of Nowogródek), was executed in Kołdyczewo concentration camp on November 14, 1942, along with other Poles, for helping Jews (Entry 322).

However, according to other sources, although he did assist Jews, Rev. Mackiewicz was arrested in the sweep directed against the Polish intelligentsia in the region—see Tec, In the Lion’s Den, pp.73, 96, 98–99, and 254 n.13;

[19] Rev. Tadeusz Kaczmarczyk, an assistant pastor from Nowy Sącz who refused to betray the Jews to whom he had provided baptismal certificates, even under torture, was executed on August 21, 1941 (Entry 343);



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 96 | 97 || 99 | 100 |   ...   | 105 |


Similar works:

«Intentional Binding and the Sense of Agency: A review James W. Moore1,2 & Sukhvinder S. Obhi3,4 1. Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London, London, UK 2. Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK 3. Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience & Department of Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada 4. Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, U.K. Correspondence: sobhi@wlu.ca PrePrint...»

«General-purpose localization of textured • • Image regions Rutb Rosenboltz· XeroxPARC 3333 Coyote Hill Rd. Palo Alto, CA 94304 Abstract We suggest a working definition of texture: Texture is stuff that is more compactly represented by its statistics than by specifying the configuration of its parts. This definition suggests that to fmd texture we look for outliers to the local statistics, and label as texture the regions with no outliers. We present a method, based upon this idea, for...»

«3rd Edition, 2009 Introduction to the 3rd Edition nd It has been just over a decade since the 2 Edition of the Mush with P.R.I.D.E. Sled Dog Care Guidelines were published. During that time, scientists have made great strides in their understanding of dog physiology, psychology and behavior. Researchers have studied working sled dogs, with the support of their mushers, some of whom are also Mush with P.R.I.D.E. members. Many of these research projects have validated sled dog care methods that...»

«Seeing Your First Child with PANDAS/PANS Margo Thienemann, MD and The PANDAS Physicians Network Diagnostics and Therapeutics Committee Seeing Your First Child with PANDAS/PANS I. What Is PANS? The term Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) describes the clinical presentation of a subset of pediatric onset Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). PANS may also be a subset of Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID). While the criteria for diagnosing PANS do not specify a...»

«Citation: Horton, Matthew, Read, Janet, Fitton, Daniel, Toth, Nicola and Little, Linda (2012) Too Cool at School – Understanding Cool Teenagers. PsychNology, 10 (2). pp. 7391. ISSN 1720-7525 Published by: PsychNology Journal URL: http://www.psychnology.org/File/PNJ10(2)/PSYCHNOLOGY_JOURNAL_10_2_HORTO N.pdf This version was downloaded from Northumbria Research Link: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/10923/ Northumbria University has developed Northumbria Research Link (NRL) to enable users to...»

«CANCER SUPPORT SERVICES in Ireland DIRECTORY Leinster Irish Cancer Society DIRECTORY OF SERVICES Welcome Welcome to the Fourth Edition of the Directory of Cancer Support Services Affiliated to the Irish Cancer Society. More people are getting cancer in Ireland. It is estimated that one in three of us will be diagnosed with the disease during our lifetime. Cancer is however increasingly viewed as a condition from which people survive. Evidence shows that when people experiencing cancer receive...»

«Making sense of antipsychotics making sense antipsychotics Making sense of antipsychotics This booklet is for anyone who wants to know more about antipsychotic medication. It explains what antipsychotics are, how they work, possible side effects and information about withdrawal. Contents What are antipsychotics? 4 Could antipsychotics help me? 11 What are the safety issues? 16 What dosage should I be on? 23 What if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding? 26 What side effects can they cause? 29 What's a...»

«A WARHAMMER 40,000 NOVEL BLOOD PACT Gaunt’s Ghosts 12 (The Lost 05) Dan Abnett (An Undead Scan v1.1) For Dave Taylor It is the 41st millennium. For more than a hundred centuries the Emperor has sat immobile on the Golden Throne of Earth. He is the master of mankind by the will of the gods, and master of a million worlds by the might of his inexhaustible armies. He is a rotting carcass writhing invisibly with power from the Dark Age of Technology. He is the Carrion Lord of the Imperium for...»

«THE SIGNIFIER POINTING AT THE MOON THE SIGNIFIER POINTING AT THE MOON Psychoanalysis and Zen Buddhism Raul Moncayo Masao Abe, Zen and Western Thought, 1999, University of Hawaii Press, reproduced with permission of Palgrave Macmillan. Ekaku Hakuin (1685–1788). Daruma, 18th century. Hanging scroll, ink on paper © 2012 Museum Associates/LACMA. Licensed by Art Resource, NY. First published in 2012 by Karnac Books Ltd 118 Finchley Road London NW3 5HT Copyright © 2012 by Raul Moncayo The right...»

«Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) Introductory Workshop Handout Dr Russell Harris, M.B.B.S, M.A.C. Psych. Med. Phone: 0425 782 055 website: www.actmindfully.com.au e-mail: russharris@actmindfully.com.au © Russ Harris 2007 This handout consists of: 1. Definitions of mindfulness (p1) 2. Brief notes on ACT (pp 2 -10) 3. Scripts for mindfulness exercises, and tips for creating your own (pp 11-16) 4. More mindfulness scripts that can also be client handouts (pp 17-18) 5. Client handouts (pp...»

«The Effect of Early Rearing Experience on Adult Reproductive Behavior in Captive Giant Pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and Spectacled Bears (Tremarctos ornatus) A Thesis Presented to The Academic Faculty by Pei Sun In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Science in Psychology Georgia Institute of Technology November 2004 The Effect of Early Rearing Experience on Adult Reproductive Behavior in Captive Giant Pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and Spectacled Bears...»

«From Soulard’s Notebooks Assistant Editor: Kassandra Soulard Poetry by Ric Amante 1 Notes from New England [Commentary] by Raymond Soulard, Jr. 9 Poetry by Judih Haggai 27 Poetry by Joe Ciccone 32 Paelo Redemption [Travel Journal] by Charlie Beyer 35 Poetry by Joe Coleman 45 Baby Steps Up into the Sky [Travel Journal] by Nathan D. Horowitz 55 Many Musics [Poetry] by Raymond Soulard, Jr. 59 Psychedelics and Lucid Dreaming: Doorways in the Mind [Essay] by A.S. Kay 91 Poetry by Tom Sheehan 99...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.