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«Suicide and murder are considered two facets of the same coin: they originate in anger. Whereas suicide is the result of turning one's anger against ...»

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The rate of suicide reflects the degree of their oppression. On the other hand, the rate of homicide alludes to their awareness: some African-Americans don't comply with their oppression, but rather acknowledge their ability to turn their anger against the supposed cause of their plight.

8. On the debate as to the possible interpretations of what seems a suicidal act, see Wirth-Nesher (1990).

9. Consider Cameron and Frazer (1987) regarding treatment of sexual killing in literature. While male sex offenders in the 19th century were discussed in sensational and moralist terms, the woman offender was either ridiculed, implicitly suggesting that she was no real menace, or she was portrayed as extremely monstrous-much more evil than her male counterpart.

10. For a different view, see Rattok (1994).

11. My translation (RG.). Co

12. A pseudonym meaning "Lilach survives."

13. This story was awarded the prize for Third Best Story of the Year by Ha' Aretz (An Israeli daily).

14. My translation (RG.).

15. Of special interest also are stories published in Noga, the Israeli feminist magazine first issued in 1980. Of the 20 stories that have appeared so far (some of which are translations), two deal with suicidal heroines-"The Story of an Hour" by Kate Chopin, 1899 (Noga, 8, 1984) and "Targil be'Demyon Mudrach" [A Guided-Imagination Exercise] by Lilach Soredet (Noga, 28, 1995); one deals with both suicide and killing-"My Last Diet" by Ellen Gilchrist, 1986 (Noga, 16, 1988; and three deal with killing the abuser-"How Did I Get Away with Killing One of the Biggest Lawyers in the State? It Was Easy" by Alice Walker, 1971 (Noga, 11, 1985), "Nechash ha'Kesef" [The Golden Snake] by Hanan Michaili Ashrawee (Noga, 19, 1990), and "Un crime maternel" by Fay Weldon, 1991 (Noga, 24, 1992). In opposition to contemporary protest writings by most Israeli women, Noga exhibits a complex picture, with a bias toward stories with female characters who kill their abusers rather than let themselves be killed.

Noga, then, being a proclaimed feminist journal, is the only stage in Israel at present for radical feminist writings.

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Kushner, H.!.

1985 "Women and suicide in historical perspective." Signs, 10(3): 537-552.


1977 "Taboos against female anger." Menninger Perspective, 8: 4-11. [Reprinted in Cosmopolitan, November 1979: 331-333].

1985 The Dance of Anger. New York: Harper & Row.

Lessing, D.

1975 "To Room Nineteen." Pp. 195-229 in S. Cahil (ed), Women and Fiction.

New York: Mentor.


1993 The Women's Book of Superlatives. Singapore: Times Books International.

Lybrecht, S.

1989 "Hessed" [Benevolence]. Politica, 27: 20-22. [Hebrew] Lyne,A Fatal Attraction. USA: Paramount Pictures.

1987 MacDonald, E.

Shoot the Women First. London: Fourth estate.

1991 Maris, RW.

1969 Social Forces in Urban Suicide. Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press.

Megargee, E.

1966 "Undercontrolled and overcontrolled personality types in extreme antisocial aggression." Psychological Monographs, 80(3).

1973 "Recent research on overcontrolled and undercontrolled personality

patterns among violent offenders." Sociological Symposium, (Spring):


Menninger, A.K.

Man against Himself. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Company.

1938 Miller, J.B.

Towards a New Psychology of Women. Boston: Beacon Press.

1976 Morris, A and L. Gelsthrope 1981 "False clues and female crime." In A. Morris and L. Gelsthrope (eds),

Women and Crime. Cropwood Conference Series No. 13. Cambridge (UK):

University of Cambridge, Institute of Criminology.

O'Brien, E.

Mrs. Reinhart and Other Stories. Frome and London: Butler & Tanner 1978 Ltd.


Dibur Akif [Indirect Speech]. Tel-Aviv: Zmora- Bitan. [Hebrew] 1990 Ogle, RS., D. Maier-Katin and T.J.

Bernard 1995 "A theory of homicidal behavior among women." Criminology, 23(2):


Ostriker, AS.

1986 Stealing the Language: The Emergence of Women's Poetry in America.

Boston: Beacon Press.

Plath, S.

1966 The Bell Jar. London: Faber & Faber.

Pope, W.

1976 Chicago and London: The Durkheim's Suicide: A Classic Analyzed.

University of Chicago Press.

Rattok, L.

1994 "Aacharit Davar"[Postface], "Kol isha makira et-ze" [Every woman knows this]. Pp; 261-352 in L. Rattok (ed), The Other Voice: Women's Fiction in Hebrew. Tel-Aviv: HaSifria HaHadasha. [Hebrew] Forth- Angel of Fire - The Poetry of Yona Wallach. Tel-Aviv: HaKibbutz HaMeuchad.

coming 92 Rachel Giora

–  –  –

Rudolfh,A. Mortal Thouthts. USA: Columbia Pictures.

199 Scott, R 1991 Thelma and Louise. USA: United International Pictures (DIP).

Silver, CR and D.B. Kates 1979 "Self-defense, handgun ownership, and the independence of women in violent sexist society." Pp. 75-90 in D.B. Kates (ed), Restricting Handguns: The Liberal Skeptics Speak Out. Croton-on-Hudson, NY: North River Press.

Simon,J.R 1975 Women and Crime. Lexington, MA: Heath.

1976 "Women and crime revisited." Social Science Quarterly, 56: 648-63.

_____ and N. Sharma 1979 "Women and crime: Does the American experience generalize?" Pp. 391in F. Adler and RJ. Simon (eds), The Criminology of Deviant Women.

Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.


1974. We're not Mad, We're Angry. Vancouver: Women's Press.

Soredet, L.

1995 "Targil be'Demyon Mudrach" [A Guided-Imagination Exercise]. Noga, 28: 38-39.

Steffenmeier, D.J.

1980 "Sex differences in patterns of adult crime, 1965-1977." Social Forces, 58(4): 1080-1109.

Tolstoi, L.

Anna Karenine. Paris: Gallimand.

1951 Totman,J.

1978 The Murderess: A Psychological Study of Criminal Homicide. San Francisco, CA: R&E Research Associates.

Wallach, Y.

1983 "Tefillin" [The Phylacteries]. In Or Pere [Wild Light]. Jerusalem: Eichut 50. [Hebrew] Walker, A.

1967 In Love and Trouble. San Diego/New-York/London: Harcourt Brace & Janovich.

1971 You can't keep a good woman down. San Diego/New-York/London: Harcourt Brace & Janovich.


Moon over Minneapolis. Glasgow: Harper-CoIlins.

1991 Wirth-Nesher, H.

1990 "The second coming of Aphrodite." Noga, 20: 24-26. [Hebrew] Widom,e.S.

1979 "Female offenders: Three assumptions about self-esteem, sex-role identity and feminism." Criminal Justice and Behavior, 6: 365-382.

Woolf, V.

1915 The Voyage Out. London: Hogarth Press.

1929 A Room of One's Own. New York and London: A Harvest/HBJ Book.

1944 A Haunted House and Other Short Stories. London: Hogarth Press.


1990 "Authenticity of self-expression: Reinterpretation of female independence through the writings ofSimone de Beauvoir." Women's Studies, 17:


Zuckerman, N.

Dead Hours. A play, performed by Tmuna Holon Theater.


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