«The ongoing wars around the world have led to an ever increasing exodus of refugee populations for resettlement in developed countries, including the ...»
Results from this study also indicated that adolescent refugees who had lived in the U.S. longer scored higher on study measures and therefore were better adjusted than those who had lived for a shorter period of time. Thus, school counselors and teachers also need to understand that there could be differences in adjustment among adolescent refugees due to the length of stay in the U.S. Similar findings were reported by Correa, Gifford, and Barnett (2010) who found that time had a positive impact on refugee youth‟s well-being. Therefore, it may be necessary to involve adolescent refugees who have lived
adjustment in school. Those adolescents may act as mentors and provide needed advice because they may better understand their peers‟ cultural background.
Additionally, counselors in community agencies need to be aware of the differences in adjustment that may potentially exist among adolescent refugees who may be recent arrivals and those who have lived in the U.S. for a longer period of time. They need to be sensitive to the different needs that these two groups may present in counseling and therefore tailor their counseling strategies to meet their refugee clients at different levels and not have a general perspective of all African adolescent refugees (i.e., in terms of their needs).
Results from this study provided the first empirical examination of the relationships among acculturation, social support, and psychosocial adjustment among African adolescent refugees in resettlement in the U.S. It was found that there were relationships among social support and psychosocial adjustment; parental support had a predictive relationship with global self-worth and peer support had a predictive relationship with peer social acceptance, respectively. Also, it seems that time, that is, the duration lived in the host country, is an important aspect in the adjustment of adolescent refugees. All these findings are contributions to a better understanding of the needs of African adolescent refugees in resettlement, and they provide avenues for future research and
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