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«PANIC theory and the prospects for a representational theory of phenomenal consciousness URIAH KRIEGEL ABSTRACT Michael Tye has recently argued that ...»

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Here and afterwards, I speak of a vehicle carrying a content. There is perhaps something odd in [8] thinking about the relation between vehicle and content as a carriage relation. But at least this usage of the term has the distinctive advantage of not being easily confused with more mundane uses.

[9] In talking about poised content, all we may defensibly mean is that a given content is poised in that it is carried by a state that plays the right functional role. I will return to this possibility towards the end of this section.

[10] It also makes sense for Tye to suggest that. Both types of states have non-conceptual representational content. And whether they have abstract and intentional content is irrelevant, since abstractness and intentionality cannot account for the difference between phenomenal and non-phenomenal states. The only relevant difference is that V states lack a certain distinctive functional role which phenomenal experiences have.

[11] Tye writes: “It is worth noting that, given an appropriate elucidation of the ‘poised’ condition, blindsight poses no threat to the representationalist view … What is missing, on the PANIC theory, is the presence of appropriately poised, nonconceptual, representational states. There are nonconceptual states, no doubt representationally impoverished, that make a cognitive difference … But there is no complete, uni ed representation of the visual eld, the content of which is poised to make direct difference in beliefs” (Tye, 2000, pp. 62–63; italics original).

[12] Though one would expect the traditional problems of functionalism to bedevil disguised versions as well. In particular, I would predict a crisis for PANIC Theory in confronting the problem of absent qualia. Why should there be anything it is like to have a mental state which plays the right functional role D characteristic of poise? Conceivably, a functional duplicate of any human may have no phenomenal consciousness.

References DRETSKE, F.I. (1981). Knowledge and the ow of information. Oxford: Clarendon.

DRETSKE, F.I. (1995). Naturalizing the mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

GOLDMAN, A. (1993). The psychology of folk psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 16, 15–28.

MILLIKAN, R.G. (1984). Language, thought, and other biological categories. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

TYE, M. (1995). Ten problems of consciousness. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

TYE, M. (2000). Consciousness, color, and content. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

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