FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials

Pages:     | 1 ||

«The Stigmatisation of Obesity by University Students Who Will be the Future Counsellors, Educators, and Psychologists* Sultan Okumuşoğlu Europian ...»

-- [ Page 2 ] --

Results of this study point out a general tendency of participants to have biased attitudes toward people with obesity to conceptualize them as individuals who “does not like to move” and “have restricted ability to move”. Participants tend to think people with obesity as “unhealthy” people, who “move slowly”, “quickly get tired”, “vulnerable to ilnesses”, “smelling sweat”, “unattractive”, “unhappy”, “unesthetic”, and “lazy”. They tend to think people with obesity “do not have self confidence” or “will power”, “do not prefferred for sentimental relationships” and “seem older than they really are”. Findings are paralel with other studies which pointed out negative attitudes toward people with obesity (Chambliss, Finley, & Blair, 2004; Harris, Sandoval, & Cortese, 1998; Sikorski et al., 2011, 2013).

Analysis revealed that even participants who informed they have no prejudical bias toward people with obesity does not have mean scores below 68 (M = 81.687, SD = 10.253) which means having non-prejudical attitudes. It means people have no insight about their biased attitudes toward people with obesity as mentioned in Miller et al.’s study (2013).

The participants who attribute personal responsibility for obesity condition (M = 88.368, SD = 8.557) are founded more biased toward people with obesity than participants who does not (M = 72.151, SD = 5.629). It is paralel with the literature which relates stigmatising attitudes and rejection with personal responsibility attribution (Crandall et al., 2001; Weiner, Perry, & Magnusson, 1988).

School setting has potential to increase the risk factors which creates vulnerability for any kind of psychological disturbance like eating disorders and obesity. School setting is also important in terms of early detection and prevention efforts for obesity and for eating disorders, and for any kind of psychological disturbance. Even perceived discrimination effects people’s lives (Sikorski et al., 2011). Therefore, it is obvious that discriminative prejudical attitudes by authority figures will effect all these areas negatively, will make things worst. These facts increase the importance of negative attitudes held by authority figures at school settings.

Beside possible effects to self esteem and psychological well being of students with obesity, attitudes of councellors, psychologists, and teachers who work with students have potential to shape students’ attitudes towards obesity, therefore findings of present study seems alarming.

As pointed out (Puhl, Chelsea, & Heuer, 2010), the stigmatisation of obesity creates barriers for promotion of effective intervention efforts beside having undesired consequences in terms of health. Because of all possible negative consequences, findings of this study implies a serious need to shape indiscriminative attitudes to promote acceptance about weight diversity. The findings of present study implies a need for comprehensive educational interventions which can challenge existing stereotypes for university students who will be the future counsellors, educators and psychologists.

Results also points out a need for future research about the factors effecting weight stigma in order to be able to plan future educational intervention programs that adressing to these aspects. Because of sample size there might be limitations in terms of generalisability, therefore results of present study can be accepted as a pilot study for guidelines to design future studies with bigger sample sizes to study prevelance of weight stigma among prospective professionals of school settings.

–  –  –

Carr, D., & Friedman, M. A. (2005). Is obesity stigmatizing? Body weight, perceived discrimination, and psychological well-being in the United States. Journal of Health and Social Behaviors, 46, 244-259.

Chambliss, H. O., Finley, C. E., & Blair, S. N., (2004). Attitudes toward obese individuals among exercise science students.

Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36(3), 468-474.

Corrigan, P. (2005). On the stigma of mental illness. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Crandall, C. S., D’Anello, S., Sakalli, N., Lazarus, E., Nejtardt, G. W., & Feather, N. T. (2001). An attribution-value model of prejudice: Anti-fat attitudes in six nations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 27, 30-37.

Ercan, A., Akçil Ok, M., Kızıltan, G., & Altun, S. (2015). Sağlık bilimleri öğrencileri için obezite önyargı ölçeğinin geliştirilmesi:

GAMS 27-obezite önyargı ölçeği. DBHAD Uluslararası Hakemli Beslenme Araştırmaları Dergisi, 3(2), 29-43. Doi:10.173 62/ DBHAD.2015310322.

Harriger, J. A., Calogero, R. M., Witherington, D. C., & Smith, J. E. (2010). Body size stereotyping and internalization of the thin ideal in preschool girls. Sex Roles, 63, 609-620. doi: 10.1007/sI1199-010-9868-1.

Harris, M. B., Sandoval, W. M., & Cortese, S. (1998). Introductory nutrition students’ attitudes towards obesity: Ethnic and gender differences. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 22(4), 231-240.

Jacoby, A., Snape, D., & Baker, G. A. (2005). Epilepsy and social identity: The stigma of a chronic neurological disorder. Lancet Neurology, 4(3),171-178, doi:10.1016/s1474- 4422(05)700 20-x, PMID 15721827.

Jorm, A. F., Christensen, H., & Griffiths, K. M. (2005). The impact of beyondblue: The national depression initiative on the Australian public’s recognition of depression and beliefs about treatments. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 39, 248-254.

Link, B. G., & Phelan, J. C. (2001). Conceptualizing stigma. Annual Review of Sociology, 27, 363-385.

Link, B. G., Yang, L. H., Phelan, J. C., & Collins, P. Y. (2004). Measuring mental illness stigma. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 30, 511-541.

Major, B., & O’Brien, L. T. (2005). The social psychology of stigma. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 393-421.

Miller, D. P., Spangler, J. G., Vitolins, M. Z., Davis, S. W., Ip, E. H., Marion, G. S., & Crandall, S. J. (2013). Are medical students aware of their anti-obesity bias? Academic Medicine, 88(7), 978-982.

O'Brien, K. S., Latner, J. D., Halberstadt, J., Hunter, J. A., Anderson, J., & Caputi, P. (2008). Do antifat attitudes predict antifat behaviours? Obesity, 16(2), 87-92.

Ogden, J. (2007). Obesity and coronary hearth disease. In Health psychology (4th ed.) (pp. 333-363). NewYork: McGraw Hill.

Ogden, C. L. (2014). Prevalence of obesity among adults: United States, 2011-2012. Medical Benefits, 30(25), 9-17.

Puhl, R. M., & Brownell, K. D. (2006). Confronting and coping with weight stigma: An investigation of overweight and obese adults. Obesity, 14, 1802-1815.

Puhl, R. M., Chelsea, A., & Heuer, M. P. H. (2010). Obesity Stigma: Important considerations for public health. American Journal of Public Health, 100, 1019-1028.

Sayce, L. (1998). Stigma, discrimination and social exclusion: What’s in a word. Journal of Mental Health, 7, 331-343.

Sikorski, C., Luppa, M., Glaesmer, H., Brähler, E., König, H. H., & Riedel-Heller, S. G. (2013). Attitudes of health care professionals towards female obese patients. Obesity Facts, 6(6), 512-522.

Sikorski, C., Luppa, M., Kaiser, M., Glaesmer, H., Schomerus, G., König, H. H., & Riedel- Heller, S. G. (2011). The stigma of obesity in the general public and its implications for public health. A Systematic Review, 23(11), 661. doi: 10.1186/1471Tang-Peronard, J. L., & Heitmann, B. L. (2008). Complications of obesity: Stigmatization of obese children and adolescents, the importance of gender. Obesity Reviews, 9, 522-534.

Thornicroft, G., Rose, D., Kassam, A., & Sartorius, N. (2007). Stigma: Ignorance, prejudice or discrimination? British Journal of Psychiatry, 190, 192-193.

Weiner, B., Perry, R. P., & Magnusson, J. (1988). An attributional analysis of reactions to stigmas. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, 738-748.

World Health Organization (WHO). (1997). Prevention and management of the global epidemic of obesity. In Report of the WHO, Consultation on Obesity, Geneva, June s.3-5. Geneva: WHO.

World Health Organization (WHO). (2013). Obesity and overweight (Online). Retrieved April 16th, 2016, from http.//www.Who.



Pages:     | 1 ||

Similar works:

«IEP de Toulouse Sud des Etats-Unis, face sombre. Les représentations de l’identité sudiste au prisme du genre Southern Gothic en littérature et au cinéma Mémoire préparé sous la direction de Mme Marie Beauchamp-Sow Présenté par Théodore Faugère Année universitaire 2014-2015 SOMMAIRE REMERCIEMENTS 4 INTRODUCTION 5 CHAPITRE 1 : LE SUD, PRISON D'UN PASSÉ QUI NE PASSE PAS 13 I. L'inquiétante étrangeté de la nature : une frontière à conquérir 13 1) La nature comme...»

«Journal of Marketing Management, 2006, 22, 1053-1076 Folklore, Families and Fear: Robin Croft1 Exploring the Influence of the Oral Tradition on Consumer Decision-making The oral tradition has long been studied by social psychologists and cultural anthropologists for the insights it can provide: folklore both mirrors and shapes the anxieties, fears, hopes and understandings University of Glamorgan of societies and of groups within it. This paper uses traditional and contemporary legend in an...»

«Psychology Science, Volume 49, 2007 (3), p. 239-254 Assessing handedness in pre-schoolers: Construction and initial validation of a hand preference test for 4-6-year-olds URSULA KASTNER-KOLLER1, PIA DEIMANN & JOHANNA BRUCKNER Abstract The aim of this study was to develop and validate a test for measuring the handedness of pre-school children. The newly developed test consists of 14 activities for checking various aspects of hand preference and was administered to a Viennese sample of 120...»

«Creating Clothing with photoshop CS2 by Rockinrobin, 26 March 2007 Creating Clothing with Body Shop and Adobe Photoshop CS2 This article will cover the basics of creating clothing using Body Shop and Photoshop CS2 and assumes that you have a basic knowledge of these two programs. I will however, try to go step by step, so that if you follow along, you should be able to create your own clothing in just a little while! Don’t worry though if your first creations don’t turn out so great. It...»

«About the Author Michael Dillbeck is Professor of Psychology and Dean of the Graduate School at Maharishi International University. He received his B.A. summa cum laude from Benedictine College in 1972. He then went to Purdue University as a University Fellow, where he received his M.S. in 1973 and his Ph.D. in 1976 in psychology. Dr. Dillbeck has published widely on the theoretical foundations of Maharishi Vedic Psychology and empirical research testing its predictions on such variables as EEG...»

«Intentional Binding and the Sense of Agency: A review James W. Moore1,2 & Sukhvinder S. Obhi3,4 1. Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London, London, UK 2. Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK 3. Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience & Department of Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada 4. Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, U.K. Correspondence: sobhi@wlu.ca PrePrint...»

«The Experience of Humour in Asperger s syndrome Susan Teresa Ruggeri A Thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements of the University Of Wolverhampton for the degree of Doctor of Counselling Psychology. This work or any part thereof has not previously been presented in any form to the University or any other body whether for the purpose of assessment, publication or for any other purpose (unless otherwise specified). Save for any express acknowledgements, references, and/or bibliographies...»

«COGNITIVE SCIENCE 8, 1-26 (1984) Discrimination Nets as Psychological Models* LAWRENCE W. BARSALOU Emory University GORDON H. B O W E R Stanford University Simulations of human cognitive processes often employ discrimination nets to model the access of permanent memory. We consider two types of discrimination netsEPAM and positive-property-only netsand argue that they have insufficient psychological validity. Their deficiencies arise from negative properties, insufficient sensitivity to the...»

«Cognitive Science 30 (2006) 531–553 Copyright © 2006 Cognitive Science Society, Inc. All rights reserved. Memory and Mystery: The Cultural Selection of Minimally Counterintuitive Narratives Ara Norenzayana, Scott Atranb, Jason Faulknera, Mark Schallera aDepartment of Psychology, University of British Columbia bInstitut Jean Nicod, CNRS, Paris and Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Received 12 January 2005; received in revised form 19 October 2005; accepted...»

«*** Free EBOOK*** Your Journey of Personal Transformation Begins HERE: An Introduction to Understanding Your Human Design Chart by Evelyn Levenson, MBA Certified Human Design Specialist Your Success By Design Coach Your Journey Begins HERE www.HumanDesignforSuccess.com This Report is for your personal use. You MAY SHARE it, in its entirety with all author and contact information. However, You May NOT Trade, Sell or Resell This Intellectual Property in Any Way. You may not reprint any part of it...»

«Psychological Explanation, Ontological Commitment, and the Semantic view of Theories Colin Klein 1 Introduction Naturalistic philosophers of mind must assume some philosophy of science. For naturalism demands that we look to psychology—but to be guided by psychological theories, one must have some story about what theories are and how they work. In this way, philosophy of mind was subtly guided by philosophy of science. For the past forty years, mainstream philosophy of mind has implicitly...»

«The Five Organ Sonatas of Sir Charles Villiers Stanford (1852-1924) Stephanie Burgoyne ARCCO Although much has been written about Sir Charles Villiers Stanford, it is still difficult to understand why, (apart from his Anglican Cathedral church music) so little of his large output of over 200 compositions has remained to be performed. Since it is a well-known fact that none of us experience musical selections quite the same, I ask the reader to keep in mind that the intention of this submission...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.